On This Day in Aviation History January 13 th

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1883 - Birth of Armand Dufaux, French-Swiss early aviator and aircraft designer.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armand_Dufaux - http://www.pionnair-ge.com/spip1/spip.php?article34

1885 - Birth of Thomas James Birmingham, Canadian WWI flying ace


1887 - Birth of Jorge Chávez Dartnell, also known as Géo Chávez, Franco – Peruvian aviator.


1893 - Birth of Alessandro Buzio, Italian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alessandro_Buzio - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/italy/buzio.php

1893 - Birth of Charles Henry Arnison, British WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Arnison - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/arnison.php

1896 - Birth of Eugene Seeley Coler, American WWI fighter ace, WWII bomber pilot and Korean war Flying surgeon.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugene_Coler - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/coler.php

1897 - Death of David Schwarz, Croatian aviation pioneer. He created the 1st flyable rigid airship. It was also the 1st airship with an external hull made entirely of metal.


1899 - Birth of Harold John "Jackie" Walkerdine, British WWI flying ace and WWII pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Walkerdine - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/walkerdine2.php

1906 - 1st air exhibition of the Aero Club of America opens for eight days in the Sixty-ninth Regiment Armory in New York City.


1908 - 1st European aviator to complete an officially observed 1 kilometre closed circuit flight, including taking off and landing under the aircraft's own power is French Henri Farman, winning the Deutsch de la Meurthe-Archdeacon Grand Prix de l'Aviation with a 1 minute 28 second flight.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voisin_1907_biplane#Farman.27s_early_achievements - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Farman

1908 - Aero Club Argentino is founded in Buenos Aires.


1909 - 1st flight of the Faccioli N°1, Italian early pusher triplane at Turin’s Mirafiori hippodrome. Destroyed on a crash landing on its 1st flight after a flight at a height of 20 meters.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristide_Faccioli - http://www.aeromedia.it/100vengb.html

1912 - French Jules Védrines flying a Déperdussin sets a speed record of 145,161 km/h.


1913 - 1st regular aerial cargo service begins in the USA with Harry M. Jones as he takes off with a Wright B to fly baked beans from Boston to New York.


1916 - The Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company is created from the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York and Curtiss Motor Company of Bath, New York


1917 - Captain C.F. Collet of the Royal Flying Corps becomes the 1st British service flyer to make parachute jump when he uses a Calthrop 'Guardian Angel' parachute for an experimental jump from 600 fee


1918 - Birth of Walter Jacobi, German rocket scientist and member of the "von Braun rocket group", at Peenemünde.


1919 - Death of Hans Christian Friedrich Donhauser, German WWI flying ace, smallest aviator in the German air force, in a crash near Coblenz.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Donhauser - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/donhauser.php

1919 - Birth of Alan Eugene Magee, American WWII airman who survived a 22,000-foot (6,700 m) fall without parachute from his damaged B-17 Flying Fortress.


1930 - 1st fligt of the Farman F-300, French tri-engine High wing monoplane airliner prototype.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farman_F.300 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=4548

1933 - Consolidated P-30 prototype Y1P-25 crashed during flight testing at Wright Field, Ohio, killing Captain Hugh M. Elmendorf.


1936 - Howard Hughes makes a record-breaking sprint across the United States from Burbank, California to Newark, New Jersey in 9 hours 26 min 10 seconds at an average speed of 259 mph (417 km/hr), using a Northrop Gamma specially fitted with a 1,000-hp (747-kW) Wright SR-1820-G2 radial engine.


1937 - 1st flight of The Fairey P.4/34, British single engine low wing light bomber prototype. It formed the basis for the Fulmar long-range carrier-based fighter for the Fleet Air Arm.


1939 - Northwest Airlines Flight 1 Lockheed 14H Super Electra crashed approximately ½ mile southwest of the Miles City, Montana, airport, killing all 4, after an intense fire had developed in the cockpit shortly after the aircraft had departed.


1940 - 1st flight of The Yakovlev Yak-1 (I-26) , WWII Soviet fighter aircraft, single-seat monoplane with a composite structure and wooden wings.


1940 - 1st flight of the SFAN 11, French high wing STOL "artillery-liaison" aircraft prototype.


1942 – 1st person to escape from a stricken aircraft with an ejection seat is German test pilot Helmut Schenk in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter after his control surfaces iced up and became inoperable. He ejected at 7,875 feet and made a safe landing.


1942 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky R-4, American two-place helicopter designed by Igor Sikorsky with a single, three-bladed main rotor and powered by a radial engine. 1st helicopter to enter service with the United States Army Air Forces, Navy, and Coast Guard, as well as for the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and Royal Navy


1949 - Birth of Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma, Indian Air Force test pilot, and Cosmonaut , 1st Indian to travel in space.


1953 - A Strategic Air Command Boeing B-50D-125-BO Superfortress spins down out of clouds and crashes 13 miles (21 km) W of Gridley, California, killing all 12 on board.


1957 - 1st flight of McDonnel Model 120, US experimental helicopter with tip-jet rotor technology with a small crane helicopter design.


1960 - 1st flight of The Canadair CL-41, designated the CT-114 Tutor in Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) , canadian jet trainer aircraft. The Tutor is perhaps best recognized as the aircraft used by the Snowbirds airshow team.


1969 - Scandinavian Airlines System Flight SK933 McDonnell-Douglas DC-8-62 'Sverre Viking' crashed in Santa Monica Bay, on approach approximately 6 nautical miles (11 km) west of the Los Angeles International Airport, killing 15 over 45


1975 - The F-16 Fighting Falcon is announced as the winner of the LWF (Light Weight Fighter) competition


1977 - Aeroflot Tupolev TU-104A crashes near Alma-Ata after it exploded in mid-air due to engine fire which reached the fuel tank killing all 96 on board


1977 - Birth of Alex Hofer, German raid paraglider.


1977 - 1st flight of The Fournier RF-9, French two-seat motorglider of conventional sailplane configuration.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fournier_RF-9 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9239

1981 - Maxie Anderson and Don Ida, in the balloon 'Jules Verne' in an attempt to circumnavigate the world by balloon, are forced to end their attempt on December 14 at Hansa, India, after a 2 days flight of 4,316 km (2,682 mi).


1982 – Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737 jet crashes into Washington, DC's 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including four motorists.


1993 - Launch of STS-54, Shuttle mission using orbiter Endeavour.


2004 - Uzbekistan Airways flight HY 1154 Yakovlev 40 crashes in Uzbekistan's capital of Tashkent, killing all 37 aboard.


2008 - Adelir Antônio de Carli (Padre Baloneiro), Brazilian Catholic priest, successfully completed a 4 hour cluster ballooning flight from Ampère, Paraná, Brazil, to San Antonio, Misiones, Argentina over a total distance of 25 kilometers, Using 600 balloons and reaching heights of 5300 m (17,390 ft).


2009 - Death of Nancy Bird Walton, pioneering Australian aviatrix, youngest Australian woman to gain a pilot's licence, founder and patron of the Australian Women Pilots' Association.


2010 - Blue Wings AG, charter airline based in Germany, cease operations.