On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 8th

Jump to November =>(01 - 02 - 03 - 04 - 05 - 06 - 07 - 08 - 09 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30 )

1836 - Charles Green lands the 'Great Nassau' balloon at Weilburg in Nassau, Germany after a 500 miles in 18 hours coming from Dover.

1881 - Birth of Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Pelterie, pioneering French aircraft designer and spaceflight theorist.

1886 - Birth of Paul Adrien Gastin, French WWI flying ace -

1896 - Birth of Andre Jean Louis Barcat, French WWI flying ace. -

1897 - Birth of William Melville "Mel" Alexander, Canadian WWI fighter ace -

1898 - Birth of Alec Williamson, British WWI flying ace

1904 - Birth of Norman Adrian de Bruyne, British Aircraft engineer, scientist, Industrialist and aircraft designer.

1907 - Birth of Ernesto ‘Gamba di Ferro’ Botto, Spanish War and WWII italian flying ace

1916 – Lieutenant Clarence K. Bronson, Naval Aviator No. 15, and Lieutenant Luther Welsh, on an experimental bomb test flight at Naval Proving Ground, Indian Head, Maryland, were instantly killed by the premature explosion of a bomb in their plane.

1921 - Birth of Dumitru Chera, Romanian WWII flying ace and airliner pilot -

1932 - Birth of Richard Earl "Dick" Lawyer, USAF vietnam war pilot, test pilot and Astronaut.

1935 - Death of Charles Edward 'Smithy' Kingsford Smith, early Australian aviator, WWI pilot and long distance record breaker. He disappeared over the Andaman Sea while flying the Lockheed Altair 'Lady Southern Cross' overnight from Allahabad, India, to Singapore, with co-pilot Tommy Pethybridge as part of their attempt to break the England-Australia speed record. -

1936 - Death of Fortunato Cesari, Italian aviator, killed by african rebels.

1936 - Birth of Edward George Gibson, American engineer, pilot and NASA astronaut.

1942 - Operation Torch starts, Allied amphibious landings in French North Africa. French aircraft resist the landings, strafing the landing beaches at least five times, and aerial combat occurs between U.S. Navy F4F Wildcats and French Dewoitine D.520 and Curtiss Hawk 75A fighters.

1944 - Death of Furogori Goro, russo-japanese war and WWII fighter ace, Killed in action in his Nakajima Ki-84 by P-38s while straffing Tacoblan field.

1944 - Death of Walter "Nowi" Nowotny, Austrian-born German WWII fighter ace. It remains unclear whether Nowotny was killed due to engine failure or whether he was shot down, His Me 262 A-1a "White 8" dove vertically out of the clouds and crashed at Epe.

1947 - Birth of Margaret Rhea Seddon, American physician and NASA astronaut.

1948 - Birth of Dale Allan Gardner, US Navy pilot and NASA astronaut.

1950 - 1st jet-versus-jet aerial victory is performed by Lt Russell J. Brown from his F-80 Shooting Star over a Mig-15.

1950 - 1st swept-wing aircraft to take off and land from an aircraft carrier, during trials for the Royal Navy's (RN) Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the Supermarine Swift type 510 from the carrier HMS Illustrious. -

1955 - 1st flight of the Convair TF-102A Delta Dagger, American 2 seat side by side combat proficiency trainer version of the interceptor.

1956 - Ascending from Rapid City in South Dakota, Lieutenant Commander M.L. Lewis and Malcolm D. Ross establish a world altitude record for manned balloons of 23,165 metres (76,000 feet) in ONR Strato-Lab I, using a pressurized gondola and plastic balloon.

1957 - Pan Am Flight 7 Boeing 377 Stratocruiser 10-29 'Clipper Romance Of The Skies' disappeared on its first leg from San Francisco to Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii with 44 on board.

1958 - Launch of Pioneer 2, last of the 3 project Able space probes designed to probe lunar and cislunar space.

1960 - Launch of Little Joe 5, American unmanned atmospheric test flight of the Mercury spacecraft to test a production Mercury capsule (#3) and the Launch Escape System during an ascent abort at maximum dynamic pressure.

1961 - Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8 Lockheed L-049E Constellation chartered by the United States Army to transport new recruits to Columbia, South Carolina, for training, crashed as it attempted to land at Byrd Field, near Richmond, Virginia, killing 77 over 79 after a missed approach with engine problems.

1963 - 1st flight (transition from hovering to forward flight) of the Lockheed XV-4 Hummingbird (originally designated VZ-10), American V/STOL vertical take off/landing jet prototype.

1965 - American Airlines Flight 383 Boeing 727-123 crashed on approach in bad weather to the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport killing 58 over 62, including American record producer Israel Horowitz.

1969 - Launch of Azur, Germany's 1st scientific satellite to study the Van Allen belts, solar particles, and aurorae

1978 - 1st flight of The Bombardier Challenger CL-600, Canadian business jet, independent design by Bill Lear (LearStar 600) who sold exclusive rights to produce and develop the design to Canadair.

1982 - Using in-flight refuelling a Royal Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1 of No.9 Squadron makes a non-stop flight from England to Cyprus.

1983 - TAAG Angola Airlines Boeing 737-2M2 crashed immediately after takeoff from Lubango Airport bound for Quatro de Fevereiro Airport; all 130 occupants of the aircraft —of whom 126 were passengers— died. UNITA guerrillas claimed to have shot down the airliner.

1984 - Launch of STS-51-A, Space Shuttle Discovery mission, 1st time a shuttle deployed 2 communications satellites, and retrieved from orbit 2 other communications satellites.

1991 - Death of Domenico Ludovico, Italian aviator and high ranking officer of the Regia Aeronautoca

1997 - Death of Louis-Antoine Chartoire, French WWI flying ace -

1999 - Death of Yury Vasilyevich Malyshev, Soviet pilot and Cosmonaut.