On This Day in Aviation History MARCH 25 th

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1778 - Birth of Sophie Blanchard, Born Marie Madeleine-Sophie Armant, French aeronaut and wife of ballooning pioneer Jean-Pierre Blanchard, 1st woman to work as a professional balloonist.

1802 - Birth of Jules-François Dupuis-Delcourt, French Aeronaut, author and Physician.

1858 - William Dean & C. H. Brown made the 1st ascent at night in Australia in a balloon.

1893 - Birth of Girolamo "Gino" Allegri, Italian WWI pilot who participated at The Flight over Vienna, an epic action performed by Italian poet and nationalist patriot Gabriele D'Annunzio over 1,200 km in a roundtrip from the squadron's military airfield near San Pelagio at Due Carrare near Padua to Vienna to drop some thousands of propaganda leaflets.

1893 - Birth of Romolo Ticconi, Italian WWI flying ace -

1895 - Birth of Herbert Frank Stacey Drewittt, New Zealand WWI flying ace. -

1897 - Birth of Theodor Rumpel, German WWI flying ace

1899 - Birth of Gordon Metcalfe Duncan, Scottish WWI flying ace -

1902 - Birth of Frederic A. Brossy, American aviator, instructor and record setter.

1910 - 1st aeroplane flight over a Canadian city, New Westminster, BC, was part of a 26 mile trip made by Charles Keeney Hamilton on a Curtiss pusher biplane from Minoru Park near Vancouver. -

1917 - One of the greatest fighter pilots of WWI, Canada-born Lt. Col. William Avery 'Billy' Bishop, scores his 1st combat victory over an Albatros D II single-seat fighter while flying a Nieuport XVII. - -

1918 - Death of Frederick Carr "Army" Armstrong, Canadian WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Camel. -

1918 - US Navy pilot Ensign John F. McNamara, flying out of RNAS Portland, made the 1st attack on an enemy submarine by a U.S. Naval Aviator. -

1921 - Birth of Dr Hans Guido Mutke, fighter pilot for the German Luftwaffe during WWII. It is claimed that Mutke made the very 1st flight breaking the sound barrier in 1945, in a Me 262, though this claim is subject of controversy.

1924 - Royal Air Force officers McLaren, Plenderleith, and Andrews set off in an attempted round-the-world flight in a Vickers Vulture II. Their attempt will ultimately fail in Siberia in early August.

1928 - Birth of James "Jim" Arthur Lovell, Jr., former NASA astronaut and a retired captain in the United States Navy, most famous as the commander of the Apollo 13 mission, which suffered a critical failure en route to the Moon but was brought back safely to Earth by the efforts of the crew and mission control. Lovell was also the command module pilot of Apollo 8, the first Apollo mission to enter lunar orbit.

1930 - 1st flight of The Bernard HV-120, French single-engined racing floatplane prototype built for the Schneider trophy. -

1931 - 1st flight of The Hawker Fury , British biplane fighter aircraft .

1932 - Dobrolyot is expanded into a USSR-wide service under the name of Grazhdansky Vozdushny Flot (Civil Air Fleet) and christened as 'Aeroflot'

1933 - Death of Desmond Percival Fitzgerald Uniacke, British WWI flying ace (observer/gunner) -

1938 - Death of Kosuke Kawahara, Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War flying ace, killed in action in his Kawasaki Type 95 (Ki-10) near Kwei-teh airfield, probably shot down by a Polikarpov I-15. -

1942 - 1st jet-powered flight flight of the prototype Messerschmitt Me 262V1 with Fritz Wendel at controls, but the experimental BMW 003 gas turbine engines both failed

1944 - 76 airforce POWs escaped from Stalag Luft 3 in Sagan. 50 later captured and executed.

1944 – 1st time a British twin-engined aircraft lands on an aircraft carrier: Chief Naval Test Pilot Eric Melrose "Winkle" Brown lands a navalized de Havilland Mosquito VI on the British carrier HMS Implacable.

1950 – A Mandated Air Lines Lockheed 414-08 Hudson IVA crashes into a house while trying to make an emergency landing back at Law-Nadzab Airport in Papua New Guinea. After experiencing a failure of engine #1, and then had to execute a go-around because of traffic on the runway, and subsequently hit telephone wires.

1950 – A Devlet Hava Yollari Douglas DC-3 (TC-BAL) catches fire while on approach to Ankara, Turkey. The crew became incapacitated and the aircraft fell short of the runway

1954 - The last Sud-Est SE 535 Mistral (Specific french built of the De Havilland Vampire for french Air Force) was delivered.

1954 - Aeronaves de México Douglas C-53-DO (DC-3) Struck the Friars Peak while waiting for a permission to land, killingh all 18.

1955 - 1st flight of The Vought F-8 Crusader (originally F8U), american single-engine carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft.

1955 - Lockheed test pilot J. Ray Goudey flew the 2nd Lockheed XF-104 prototype at a top speed of Mach 1.79 (1,324 mph, 2,130 at 60,000 feet (18,000 m).

1956 - Last Martin XB-51, American "tri-jet" ground attack aircraft prototype, crashed during takeoff.

1958 - 1st flight of the Wassmer WA-21 'Javelot' II, French single seat glider. -

1958 - 1st flight of the 1st Canadian-built supersonic aircraft, the Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow, delta-winged interceptor aircraft , at Malton.

1958 - A Braniff Airlines DC-7c crashed shortly after takoff from Miami while attempting to return after an engine caught fire.

1959 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky S-60 helicopter, a prototype "flying crane", derived from the S-56. Proving to be underpowered, the development of the S-60 led to the larger, turbine-engined Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe military transport helicopter, and its civil S-64 Skycrane variant, which were already on the drawing board by the time the sole example of the S-60 crashed.

1960 - The 1st NASA flight in the X-15 hypersonic research program gets under way when test pilot Joseph A. Walker makes the 1st of his flights in this aircraft.

1961 - Launch of Korabl-Sputnik 5, or Vostok-3KA No.2, also known as Sputnik 10 in the West, Soviet spacecraft part of the Vostok programme. It was the last test flight of the Vostok spacecraft desgin, prior the first manned flight, Vostok 1. It carried the mannequin Ivan Ivanovich, a dog named Zvezdochka , television cameras and scientific apparatus.

1961 - Launch of Explorer 10 (also known as Explorer X or P14); American Earth-orbital satellite to investigated Earth's magnetic fields and nearby plasma. 1st satellite to measure the "shock wave" generated by a solar flare.

1963 - Death of Edgar Oxenham Amm, South African WWI flying ace who also served in WWII. -

1965 - Death of Dr. Wolfgang Benjamin Klemperer , German prominent aviation and aerospace scientist and engineer, who ranks among the pioneers of early aviation.

1970 - 1st flight of the Robin DR-330, french 4 seat low wing tourer monoplane.

1970 - Death of Geoffrey Hilton "Beery" Bowman, British WWI fighter ace -

1971 - 1st flight of The Ilyushin Il-76 (NATO reporting name: Candid), multi-purpose 4-engined strategic airlifter.

1976 - 1st flight of the Robin DR-300/140, french 4 seat low wing tourer monoplane prototype.

1978 – A Burma Airways Fokker F-27 Friendship (XY-ADK) crashes into a paddy field immediately after takeoff from Okaraba, Burma

1979 - QANTAS retires its last Boeing 707 and becomes the world's first airline with a fleet of exclusively Boeing 747s

1979 – The 1st fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center to be prepared for its 1st launch.

1980 - Soyuz T-1, unmanned Soviet space flight, test flight of a new Soyuz craft which docked with the orbiting Salyut 6 space station, is back on earth.

1992 – Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth with Soyuz TM-13after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station. -

1993 - Barbara Harmer became the 1st qualified female Concorde pilot.

2001 - Death of Ernest Brian Trubshaw, notable test pilot, 1st British pilot to fly Concorde.

2004 - Air Holland, airline based in the Netherlands ceased operations.

2006 - A revolutionary scramjet jet engine Hyshot III designed to fly at seven times the speed of sound is successfully tested at Woomera, South Australia.

2008 – Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 810, a Boeing 747-300 (TF-ARS) on wet-lease from Air Atlanta Icelandic catches fire on landing at Dhaka-Zia International Airport in Bangladesh.

2010 - A Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II conducted the 1st flight of an aircraft with all engines powered by a biofuel blend. The flight, performed at Eglin Air Force Base, used a 1:1 blend of JP-8 and Camelina-based fuel.

2012 - Air Cote d'Ivoire is formed from the defunct Air Ivoire and the partnership of Air-France/KLM'Ivoire