On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 28 th

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1890 - Birth of Ralph Royce, WWI Pilot and USAAF general during WWII.


1891 - Birth of Carl Andrew "Tooey" Spaatz, American WWI pilot, WWII general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force.


1897 - Birth of André Dubonnet, French WWI flying ace, WWII fighter pilot, athlete, racecar driver, and inventor.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_Dubonnet - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/dubonnet.php

1897 - Birth of Charles Henry Chapman Woollven, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Woollven - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/woollven.php

1899 - Birth of Edwin Swale, British WWI fighter ace, Glider record setter who also served in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Swale - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/swale.php

1908 - Jacob Ellehammer makes the 1st piloted, powered aeroplane flight in Germany.


1909 - 1st flight of The Breguet Type I, French experimental aircraft, Louis Breguet's 1st fixed-wing aircraft design.


1910 - 1st flight of Airship Zeppelin LZ 7 'Deutschland' which crashed immediatly due to an explosion.


1911 - 1st airplane charter flight is made by English aviator Thomas Sopwith who is hired by Wannamaker's New York store to deliver repaired glasses to Philadelphia merchant W. A. Burpee. Sopwith, flying his Howard Wright biplane overhauled the liner, then several miles out to sea, and dropped the carefully wrapped package onto the deck.


1912 - Zeppelin LZ 10 'Schwaben', German rigid airship, is destroyed in a gale at an airfield near Düsseldorf. It snapped her in two, causing a spark to ignite the hydrogen in one of her gas bags


1913 - Birth of Walter "Gulle" Oesau, German WWII fighter ace.


1917 - Birth of Per-Johan Erik Salwén, Swedish WWII top biplane fighter ace and test pilot.


1917 - 1st successful launch of an aircraft in history from a flying-off platform mounted on the roof of a ship's gun turret: F. J. Rutland takes off in a Sopwith Pup from the HMS Yarmouth.


1918 - Death of René Montrion, French WWI flying ace, Killed in action

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Montrion - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/montrion.php

1918 - Frederick Robert Gordon McCal, Canadian WWI fighter ace, Scores 4 on that single day (3 on a single mission) with his S.E.5a.


1919 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed. Among its many provisions is one which prohibits Germany from ever again possessing armed aircraft.


1920 - Birth of Carlos M. Talbott, USAF pilot and high ranked officer.


1923 - 1st flight of The Armstrong Whitworth Awana, British prototype troop-transport aircraft, large, twin-engine biplane with a box-like fuselage, and a twin-rudder, biplane tail. The pilot and navigator sat in open cockpits atop the nose, while the 25 troops it was to carry sat within. The wings could be folded for storage.


1924 - U.S. Army Lt. John A. Macready, flying a Curtiss bomber, set FAI recods for altitude of 16,732 feet and duration of two hours, 13 minutes, 49.6 seconds with payload of 2,204.6 and 3,306.9 pounds.


1926 - Birth of Betty Skelton Erde, American land speed record holder and aerobatics pilot who setted 17 aviation and automobile records. She was known as 'The First Lady of Firsts', and helped create opportunities for women in aviation, auto racing, astronautics and advertising.


1927 - Lester Maitland and co-pilot Albert Francis Hegenberger takes off their US Army Fokker C-2 , 'Bird of Paradise' from Oakland to Honolulu for the 1st non-stop flight between the United States and Hawaii .

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lester_J._Maitland - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Francis_Hegenberger

1933 - 1st flight of the Wedell-Williams Model 45, American racing aircraft prototype.


1934 - A PZL P.24, Polish gull-wing all-metal fighter aircraft, established an FAI-accredited class speed record of 414km/h.


1937 - Vladimir Konstantinovich Kokkinaki flew the circular Moscow - Sevastopol - Sverdlovsk - Moscow route, a distance of 5018 km, with a DB-3, setting a record in both speed at 5000 km range (with a median speed of 325 km/h) and range on a circular route.


1939 - Britain's Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) is formed.


1939 - 1st flight of the SNCAC NC.530, 3 seat twin engine french scouting prototype.


1939 - 1st flight of the SFCA Lignel 31, French racer aircraft prototype.


1939 - American Clara Adams left New York aboard Pan American’s “Dixie Clipper”, for being the 1st woman to complete a round world flight (as passenger)


1940 - Death of Italo Balbo, Italian Blackshirt (Camicie Nere, or CCNN) leader who served as Italy's Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), Governor-General of Libya, Commander-in-Chief of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI), and the "heir apparent" to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. He builded the Italian Royal Air Force and took a leading role in popularizing aviation in Italy, and promoting Italian aviation to the world. Killed by "friendly fire" when his plane was shot down over Tobruk by Italian anti-aircraft guns


1942 - 1st flight of The Arado Ar 232 Tausendfüssler (German:"Millipede"), 1st truly modern transport aircraft.


1943 - 1st flight of the Hawker Tempest MK II, Re-engined version of the British fighter aircraft.


1943 - Royal Air Force (RAF) Mosquito photographic reconnaissance of 540 Squadron reveals that rockets with an estimated range of up to 130 miles are being developed at the German research facility at Peenemunde on the Baltic coast


1945 - 1st flight of the Cessna 120, two-seat cabin monoplane with a strut-braced high-set wing prototype.


1946 - Birth of John Michael "Mike" Lounge, American engineer, US Navy officer, Vietnam war veteran, and NASA astronaut.


1948 - Sdn Ldr Basil Arkel sets a new helicopter speed record of 124 mph (200 km/h) in a Fairey FB-1 Gyrodyne.


1949 - 1st fligth of the SNCAC NC.2001 "Abeille", French helicopter with twin inter-meshing two-blade rotors, an all-metal fuselage with an extensively glazed nose and accommodation for five people.

http://www.aviastar.org/helicopters_eng/snias_nc-2001.php - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9339

1952 - American Airlines Flight 910 Douglas DC-6 collided in mid-air at an altitude of 400 feet above ground level with a single engine Temco Swift on final approach to Dallas Love Field. The DC-6 landed with no injuries to any of its 60 occupants, while both occupants of the two-person Swift died when their aircraft impacted the ground.


1954 - 1st flight of The Douglas B-66 Destroyer, USAF Tactical Air Command light jet bomber.


1957 - 1st flight of the PZL-Swidnik JK-1 "Trzmiel", Polish Single-seat open frame ultra-light helicopter with two rotor-tip mounted prototype.


1960 - Death of Leon A. "Jake" "The Bullfrog" Swirbul, American aviation pioneer and co-founder of Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation.


1964 - 1st flight of the North American X-15 A2, Rebuilt of the 2nd X-15A (American rocket-powered aircraft), lengthened and with a pair of auxiliary fuel tanks attached underneath its fuselage and wings, and a complete heat-resistant ablative coating.


1965 - Intelsat I (nicknamed Early Bird), American Satellite, 1st (commercial) communications satellite to be placed in geosynchronous orbit, is activated.


1969 - Death of François Guerrier, French WWI flying ace


1973 - 1st flight of the Airbus A300B2, European short- to medium-range widebody jet airliner, evolution of the A-300B1.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airbus_A300#A300B2 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=3978

1976 - Czechoslovak Airlines Flight 001 Ilyushin Il-18B crashed into the Zlaté Piesky (Golden Sands) Lake while attempting to land in Bratislava killing 73 over 76


1979 - Death of Philippe Cousteau in a PBY Catalina flying boat crash in the Tagus river near Lisbon. French documentary film maker specializing in environmental issues, with a background in French oceanographer, he was the 2nd son of Jacques-Yves Cousteau French oceanographer.


1984 - 1st flight of the Fuji T-5 or KM-2Kai, Japanese side by side turboprop-driven primary trainer aircraft, development of the earlier Fuji KM-2.


1988 - 1st flight of The Sukhoi Su-27M, russian single-seat, twin-engined supermaneuverable multirole fighter derivative of the Su-27 'Flanker', prototype development for the SU-35


1998 - Death of Major General Marion Eugene Carl, USMC, American WWII fighter ace, record setting test pilot, and a notable naval aviator, 1st Marine Corps ace in WWII.


2006 - Death of Wing Commander George Cecil Unwin, British WWII fighter ace.


2007 - 1st flight of The Rans S-19 Venterra, American single-engined, tractor configuration, two-seats in side-by-side configuration, low-wing monoplane light-sport aircraft.


2008 - Death of Robert Channing Seamans Jr, American Aeronautical engineer, NASA Deputy Administrator and MIT professor.


2010 - Death of Miguel Ara Torrell, Spanish glider pilot who held a world altitude record of 6300m in a two-seat glider with Luis Juez in 1952.