On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 7 th

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1882 - Birth of George de Bothezat, Russian American engineer, businessman and pioneer of helicopter flight.


1886 - Birth of Henri Marie Coanda , Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer and builder of an experimental aircraft in 1910, the Coanda-1910 described by Coanda as the world's 1st jet.


1890 - Birth of Andre Jean Delorme, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andre_Delorme - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/delorme.php

1890 - Birth of Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen, Norwegian aviation pioneer, polar explorer and businessman. Among his achievements, he is generally regarded as the founder of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.


1892 - Birth of Bruce Jackman, British WWI flyign ace


1894 - Birth of Alexander Nikolaievich Prokofiev de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer, WWI Flying ace, inventor, and influential advocate of strategic air power.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_de_Seversky - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/russia/deseversky.php

1894 - Birth of Florentin Bonnet, French WWI pilot , Test pilot and air racer.


1896 - Birth of Kurt Jacob, German WWI flying ace.


1896 - Birth of Percy Jack "Pip" Clayson, British WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percy_Jack_Clayson - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/clayson.php

1896 - Birth of William Jameson Cairnes, Irish WWI flying ace.


1896 - Birth of Douglas Campbell, American aviator and WWI flying ace. He was the 1st American aviator flying in an American unit to achieve the status of ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_Campbell_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/campbell1.php

1898 - Birth of William Roy "Sambo" Irwin, Canadian WWI flying ace, WWII Flying instructor who served later on the Canadian Transport Commission.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Roy_Irwin - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/irwin.php

1900 - Birth of Frederick Emmons Terman, American academic, credited (together with William Shockley) with being the father of Silicon Valley. During World War II, Terman directed a staff of more than 850 at the Radio Research Laboratory at Harvard University. This organization was the source of Allied jammers to block enemy radar, tunable receivers to detect radar signals, and aluminum strips (“chaff”) to produce spurious reflections on enemy radar receivers. These countermeasures significantly reduced the effectiveness of radar-directed anti-aircraft fire.


1904 - Birth of Mieczyslaw Adolf Medwecki, Polish Aerobatic pilot, Instructor and WWII fighter pilot, 1st WWII pilot to be killed in combat.


1912 - 1st machine gun fired from an aeroplane : Captain Charles Chandler of the US Army fired a prototype Lewis Gun from the foot-bar of a Wright Model B Flyer.


1915 - LZ 37 becomes the 1st Zeppelin destroyed in air-to-air combat when it is bombed by Flt Sub-Lt Reginald Warneford, RNAS flying a Morane-Saulnier Type L.


1915 - Birth of Biagio Guarnaccio, WWII Italian pilot.


1917 - Death of Ernst Wiessner, German WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Albatros DV .

http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/wiessner.php - http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Wiessner

1917 - Birth of Francisco Meroño Pellicer, Spanish Republican flying ace of the civil war who became also a fighter ace with the soviets during WWII in Russia.

http://historiasdelaviacion.blogspot.fr/ - http://www.wio.ru/aces/acenn2.htm

1918 - Death of Fritz Kieckhäfer, German WWI flying ace, from wounds whilst attaching an R.E.8 near Lille one month before.


1918 - Death of James Jeffery Dawe, British WWI flying ace, killed in action in his S.E.5A


1919 - Death of Charles Jean Vincent Macé, French WWI flying ace, killed in a flying accident

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_J._V._Mac%C3%A9 - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/mace.php

1919 - Daimler Air Hire, British private air hire company, is formed. It will become later Daimler Airway.


1920 - Birth of Joachim Kirschner, German WWII fighter ace.


1927 - 1st flight of The Supermarine S.5, British single-engined single-seat racing seaplane built by Supermarine. Designed specifically for the Schneider Trophy competition, the S.5 was the progenitor of a line of racing aircraft that ultimately led to the Supermarine Spitfire.


1931 - French Marcel Doret, Joseph Marie Le Brix and René Mesmin take off with the 3 seat record aircraft Dewoitine D-33 'Trait d'union' for a world close course record attempt.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Doret - http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Le_Brix

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Mesmin - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=335

1933 - The last Ford Trimotor (also called the "Tri-Motor", and nicknamed "The Tin Goose"), American three-engined transport plane, is produced.


1937 - Ira Clarence Eaker completes the 1st blind (instruments only) transcontinental flight, landing in Los Angeles from New York.


1938 - 1st flight of the Weir W.5, British converted W.4 autogyro into a single-seater helicopter by using two rotors carried by outriggers on either side of the fuselage.


1938 - 1st flight of The Douglas DC-4E, 4 engines, 3 tails design American experimental airliner which will lead to the final version of the DC-4.


1938 - 1st flight of The Boeing 314 Clipper, American long-range 4 engine flying boat.


1939 - Death of Francisco Sarabia Tinoco, Mexican commercial aviation pioneer, Founder and administrator of the 'Transportes Aéreos de Chiapas', who set a speed record between Mexico and New york. On his way back with his Gee-Bee 'Conquistador Cielo', his plane crashed in the Potomac River just after take off from Washington DC.


1940 - A converted NC.223.4, French civilian transport aircraft, operated by French Navy squadron B5, bombs Berlin. It is the 1st Allied air raid on the German capital during WWII, and the only such raid to be carried out on Berlin before France falls. According to one account of this raid, the aircrew threw incendiary bombs out of the passenger entry door. One enraged French airman even went so far as to pull his shoes off and throw them out as well!

http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/research/history-of-aviation-timeline/interactive-aviation-timeline/british-military-aviation/1940.aspx -


1942 - End of the Battle of Midway, Japanese carriers Akagi, Kaga, Soryu and Hiryu were sunk, as was USS Yorktown.


1942 - Death of Clarence Leonard Tinker, Osage Indian, WWII pilot, 1st American Indian in U.S. Army history to attain the rank of Major General and 1st American General killed in WWII. He decided personally to lead a force of early model B-24s against the retreating Japanese naval forces. Near Midway Island his plane was seen to go out of control and plunge into the sea. General Tinker and eight other crewmen perished. His body was never recovered.


1942 - A handley Page Halifax permorming Htest of the H2S (1st airborne, ground scanning radar system) crashed near the village of Welsh Bicknor. Whilst at an altitude of 500ft the Halifax developed an engine fire which rapidly grew out of control. The aircraft was seen to lose altitude, then rolled inverted and struck the ground, killing the crew and several EMI personnel on board, including Alan Blumlein, pioneer of television and stereo audio recording.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Blumlein#Death - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H2S_radar#Second_World_War

1943 - Death of Yoshimi Hidaka, Japanese WWII fighter ace, killed in action


1944 - Death of Masuaki Endo, Japanese WWII fighter ace, ramming his A6M2 Zero into a Curtiss P-40.



1944 - 1st allied airstrip (B1) in Normandy at Asnelles north east of Bayeux, is completed and becomes operational.


1944 - Birth of Lars Gunnar Robert Rådeström, Swedish fighter aircraft test pilot.


1944 - Death of Frank Lucien Hale, American WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Hale - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/hale.php

1946 - 1st flight of The Short Sturgeon, British twin engine high-performance torpedo bomber. With the end of the war in the Pacific it was no longer needed as such and was redesigned 1st into a target tug and then later as a prototype anti-submarine aircraft.


1947 - Death of Miroslav (Friedrich) Navratil, Austro Hungarian WWI flying ace and general who served in the armies of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and the Independent State of Croatia, executed on the false charge of war crimes.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miroslav_Navratil - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/austrhun/navratil.php

1947 - 1st flight of the Fouga CM.10, French high-wing cantilever monoplane of conventional configuration with fixed tricycle Assault glider.


1954 - Pakistan International Airlines Corporation (commonly known as PIA), flag carrier airline of Pakistan begins operations.


1961 - Launch of Rehbar-I, Pakistan's space launch vehicle, 1st rocket launched into outer space by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO).


1965 - Gemini 4 is back on earth


1966 - Robert Wallick and co-pilot wife Joan complete their round the world flight in Manila, Philippine, in 5 days, 6 hours, 17 minutes, and 10 seconds spanning a record distance of 23,129 miles with a twin engined Beech Baron C-55 called Philippine Baron.


1971 - Death of Joseph Oswald Mauborgne, American military scientist, largely responsible for the high type of radio equipments developed for US forces who rendered unusual services in connection with cipher telegraphy.


1973 - Bahamasair Holdings Limited, operating as Bahamasair, National airline based in the Bahamasair House in Nassau, Bahamas, begins operations.


1979 - Launch of Bhaskara-I, India's 1st low orbit Earth Observation Satellite.


1981 - Operation Opera. Israeli Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons make a long-range strike into Iraq to destroy the nuclear reactor at Osirak


1983 - Launch of Venera 16, Soviet space probe to map the surface of Venus using high resolution imaging systems.


1985 - Death of Frank Harold Taylor, Canadian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Harold_Taylor - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/taylor3.php

1988 - Launch of Soyuz TM-5, Soviet mission to Mir, with Aleksandr Aleksandrov 1st Bulgarian cosmonaut to visit a space station and Abdul Ahad Mohmand, 1st Afghan cosmonaut.


1989 - Surinam Airways Flight PY764, a DC-8, crashed while attempting to land in heavy fog at Paramaribo, Suriname. The plane hit trees and flipped upside down, killing 176 of 187 people on board.


1992 - American Eagle Flight 5456 CASA C-212 operated by Executive Airlines crashed during heavy rain into a swamp, short of the runway at Eugenio María de Hostos Airport in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico killing all 5 on board.


1992 - Launch of EUVE (Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer), American space telescope for ultraviolet (UV) astronomy, 1st satellite mission especially for the short-wave ultraviolet range.


1994 - At 12 years old, Vicki van Meter becomes the youngest female pilot to fly the Atlantic with a Cessna 210.



2000 - Launch of TSX-5 (Tri-Service-Experiments mission 5), American Military surveillance satellite.


2006 - 2 USAF F-16C dropped two 500-pound (230 kg) guided bombs, a laser-guided GBU-12 and GPS-guided GBU-38 on a building north of Baqubah, Iraq, killing Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian militant Islamist responsible for a series of bombings, beheadings, and attacks during the Iraq War.


2011 - Launch of Soyuz TMA-02M russian spacecraft to the ISS.


2011 - Death of Maynard L. Hill, American designer of model airplanes who secured a spot in aviation history when one of his creations (TAM 5 or the spirit of Butts Farm) flew 1,882 miles across the Atlantic Ocean on less than a gallon of fuel,

http://tam.plannet21.com/ - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Spirit_of_Butts_Farm