On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 13 th

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1885 - Birth of Julien Anatole Guertiau, French WWI flying ace. -

1886 - Frenchmen Hervé and Alluard achieve an over 24 hours Montgolfiere flight.

1886 - Birth of Amelie Hedwig Boutard-Beese (also known as Melli Beese), early German female aviator.

1888 - Birth of Dante Nannini Sandoval, Guatemala WWI fighter pilot who served in the Italian Regia Aeronautica, he could have been the "1st American pilot" to join a regiment of aviators during WWI. At least, he was the 1st "American" on the Italian front

1894 - Birth of Renatus Theiller, German WWI flying ace.

1895 - Birth of Eric John Stephens, Australian WWI flying ace and early Qantas airliner pilot. -

1895 - Birth of Zenos Ramsey Miller, American WWI flying ace and raid pilot.

1896 - Birth of Marcel Emile Haegelen, French WWI fighter ace, Test pilot for Hanriot, record setter, and WWII fighter pilot. -

1898 - Birth of Oliver Henry Douglas Vickers, British WWI flying ace.

1904 - Birth of Fausto Cecconi, italian aviator.

1913 - Death of Aurel Vlaicu, Romanian engineer, inventor, airplane constructor and early pilot, while attempting to cross in flight the Carpathian Mountains in his aged Vlaicu II airplane

1913 - Birth of Max Holste, French aeronautical engineer and founder of an aircraft manufacturer company of the same name and one of the lead engineers of the Embraer Bandeirante project.

1916 - 1st flight of the Tellier T3, French biplane flying boat with unequal span wings.

1916 - Birth of Roald Dahl, British novelist, short story writer, WWII fighter pilot and screenwriter. -

1917 - 1st flight of The Sopwith 3F.2 Hippo, prototype British two-seat fighter aircraft, single-engined biplane with considerable negative stagger

1923 - 1st flight of The Parnall Pixie, low powered British single-seat monoplane light aircraft designed to compete in the Lympne, UK trials for motor-gliders in 1923. It had two sets of wings, one for cross-country flights and the other for speed; it later appeared as a biplane which could be converted into a monoplane.

1927 - On an attempt for an endurance record from France to Siberia, the Potez-28M (french twin seat high wing single engine) is destroyed on take off with no fatalities.

1929 - 1st flight of The Fokker F.32, luxury airliner, 1st four-engined aircraft designed and built in the US.

1931 - Death of Arthur Korff, German WWI flying ace

1931 - The United Kingdom wins the Schneider Trophy outright. Lt. John Boothman completes the course at Calshot Spit in a Supermarine S.6B at 547.297 km/h (340.1 mph).

1935 - 1st flight of the Hughes H-1, American racing aircraft, Howard Hughes at the controls setted the landplane airspeed record of 352 mph (566 km/h) over his test course near Santa Anna, California. He apparently ran the aircraft out of fuel and managed to crash-land without serious damage, his only comment was: "We can fix her, she'll go faster".

1938 - 1st flight of the SNCAO CAO-30, French single-engined monoplane flying boat two-seat trainer prototype. -

1940 - 1st air-to-air victories of The Mitsubishi A6M Zero : 13 A6M2s led by Lieutenant Saburo Shindo attacked 27 Soviet-built Polikarpov I-15s and I-16s of the Chinese Nationalist Air Force, shooting down all the fighters without loss to themselves.

1942 - Lydia Vladimirovna Litvyak (Lydia Litviak or Lilya Litviak) becomes the 1st female fighter to shoot down an ennemy airplane, a Junker Ju 88, with her Lavockin La-5. -

1942 - Death of Kazushi 'Popo' Uto, Japanese Navy WWII fighter ace, killed in action.

1944 - Death of Frank Furlong, British test pilot, killed in the crash of the Supermarine Spiteful prototype while in unplanned mock combat with a Spitfire at low altitude.

1947 - Death of Wilfrid Barratt Green, British WWI flying ace -

1951 - Death of Geoffrey Forrest Hughes, Australian WWI flying ace.

1956 - Death of Archibald Montgomery Low, British consulting engineer, research physicist, inventor and author, called the "father of radio guidance systems" due to his pioneering work on guided rockets, planes and torpedoes.

1959 - 1st spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon is Soviet Luna 2.

1960 - The T-7, 1st Chinese sounding Rocket, is launched.

1961 - Launch of Mercury-Atlas 4, american unmanned spaceflight, orbital test of the Mercury Tracking Network to test the environmental controls and 1st successful orbital flight test of the Mercury program. It completed one orbit prior to returning to Earth.

1965 - 1st hot air balloon record is homologated by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. B. Bogan of the United States reaches an altitude of 2,978 metres (9,780 feet).

1966 - 1st flight of the McDonnell Model 500, commercial counterpart of the OH-6A, American light utility civilian and military helicopter.

1967 - Death of Sir Robert Allingham George, Australian WWI bomber pilot, senior officer in the Royal Air Force and Governor of South Australia.

1967 - Death of Russell Lee Rogers, USAF test pilot and astronaut assigned to the X-20 Dyna-Soar program, killed when the engine of his F-105 fighter plane failed near Kadena AB, Okinawa, Japan. He ejected from his aircraft, but his parachute failed to deploy properly.

1969 - 1st flight the Highly-modified Grumman F8F Bearcat 'Rare Bear', Racing aircraft rebuilt from wrecks which raced at reno for years under the name of "Phoenix I". -

1971 - Lin Yurong, (better known as Lin Biao) Chinese Communist military leader, is killed in the crash of a Hawker Siddeley Trident 1E while trying to escape to soviet union after what appeared to be a failed coup to oust Mao-Zedong.

1974 - USAF SR-71 Blackbird, flown by Captain Harold B. “Buck” Adams (pilot) and Major William C. Machorek (reconnaissance systems officer), flies 5,447 miles (8,771 km) from London to Los Angeles in a world record 3 hours 47 minutes 39 seconds at an average speed of 1,435.59 mph (2,311.74 km/h).

1978 - 1st flight of The Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma, French four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-size utility helicopter.

1982 - Spantax Flight 995 Douglas DC-10-30 crashed on take off at Malaga Airport, killing 50.

1984 - Death of Leonida Schiona, Italian aviator, WWI fighter pilot, Intsructor, airliner pilot who also served in WWII and who founded the Society for the Civil Air Navigation Transadriatica.

1984 - 1st flight of The Lockheed S-3B Viking, Upgraded version of the US Navy 4-seat twin-engine jet aircraft to identify and track enemy submarines

1985 - Maj. Wilbert D. "Doug" Pearson, flying the "Celestial Eagle" F-15A 76-0084 launched an ASM-135 ASAT about 200 miles (322 km) west of Vandenberg Air Force Base and destroyed the Solwind P78-1 satellite flying at an altitude of 345 miles (555 km). Prior to the launch the F-15 flying at Mach 1.22 executed a 3.8g zoom climb at an angle of 65 degrees. The ASM-134 ASAT was automatically launched at 38,100 ft while the F-15 was flying at Mach .934

1987 - Norwegian Air Force Lockheed P-3B Orion monitoring a group of Soviet warships is intercepted by a SU-27. The Orion crew closed up on the Su-27 to oust it out of the patrol area, let the Su-27 under its belly and cut the speed. The fighter pilot did the same. The Orion crew lost track of it since they had underestimated Sukhoi's manoeuvrability. As a result of dangerous manoeuvring, the aircrafts collided but rerurned to base safely.

1994 - 1st flight of The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga, version of the french standard A300-600 wide-body airliner modified to carry aircraft parts and over-sized or awkward cargo -

1997 - A Luftwaffe Tupolev TU-154M collided in mid-air with a USAF Lockheed C-141B Starlifter 120 km (75 mls) W off Namibia (Atlantic Ocean) killing all 33 on both planes. -

2007 - 1st flight of The Tecnam P2006T, Italian high-winged, 4 seat twin-engined all-metal light aircraft.

2010 - Conviasa Flight 2350 ATR 42-320 crashed 6 miles west of Manuel Carlos Piar Guayana Airport, Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela, on a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Del Caribe "Santiago Mariño" International Airport, Porlamar, Isla Margarita.Of 51 passengers and crew on board, 34 survived the accident while 17 died.