On This Day in Aviation History May 29 th

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1875 - Birth of Jorge "George" Newbery, born Jorge Alejandro Newbery, Argentinian pilot of North American descent.

1887 - Birth of August Häfeli, Swiss aero engineer and aircraft designer.

1888 - Birth of Giorgio Michetti, Italian WWI flying ace. -

1889 - Birth of Jean Seraphin Benjamin Emmanuel Bozon-Verduraz, French WWI flying ace -

1890 - Birth of Gustave Naudin, French WWI flying ace -

1891 - Birth of Konstantin Konstantinovich Artseulov, Russian test-pilot, WWI pilot and glider designer, one of the founders of the soviet gliderism.

1892 - Birth of Alexander Renner, Austrian aviation pionneer and WWI pilot.

1892 - Birth of Moritz-Waldemar Bretschneider-Bodemer, German WWI flying ace

1892 - Birth of Frederick Charles Wilton, British WWI flying ace -

1893 - Birth of Henri Joseph Marie Hay de Slade, French WWI fighter ace who served in WWII. -

1896 - Birth of Norman Miers MacGregor, British WWI flying ace -

1896 - Birth of Murray Kenneth Guthrie, American WWI flying ace -

1897 - Birth of Johannes Winkler, German rocket pioneer who founded the 1st German rocket society and launched the 1st successful liquid-fuelled rocket in Europe

1901 - Birth of Ionel Fernic, Romanian composer, aviator (civil pilot), writer and one of the 1st Romanian parachutists

1902 - Birth of Henri Guillaumet, French pioneer aviator.

1908 - Ferdinand Marie Léon Delagrange sets a record flight on a distance of 12750 m (8 mi) in 15 min 35 sec in Italy

1908 - 1st passenger flight in Europe occurs as Henri Farman takes up Ernest Archdeacon for a brief flight at Issy-les-Moulineaux, France.

1910 - Glenn Curtiss flies the 'Hudson Flyer' from Albany to New York City . It was not a hydroplane, although provisions were made to provide floatation in case Curtiss was forced to descend to the Hudson River, 1st long-distance flight between two major cities in the U.S. For this 137-mile (220 km) flight, he won a $10,000 prize offered by publisher Joseph Pulitzer and was awarded permanent possession of the Scientific American trophy. -

1915 - Birth of Italo Gherardini, Italian WWII Bomber pilot.

1917 - Birth of Alfredo "Fred" John Ascani, American Major General and test pilot of the USAF. He was one of the "Men of Mach 1" and was considered father of Systems Engineering at Wright Field

1918 - German WWI fighter ace Friedrich "Fritz" Ritter von Röth, downed 5 Observation balloons on a single mission. -

1919 - 1st flight of the Sopwith Gnu,  British touring biplane, one of the 1st cabin aircraft designed for civil use. Equal-span biplane, it had an open cockpit for a pilot with seating for two passengers under a hinged and glazed roof. -

1919 - Agustin Parla, 1st Cuban pilot, performs the 1st commercial flight to the United States with a Curtiss flying boat "Sunshine", 1st avion property of the Cuban State. - -

1923 - Death of Albert Louis Deullin, French WWI fighter ace, test pilot, killed while testing a new de Marcay prototype aircraft. -

1923 - Reuben Hollis Fleet forms Consolidated Aircraft.

1925 - Alan Cobham lands the prototype de Havilland D.H.60 Moth after flying 1,000 miles to Zurich, Switzerland and back to Croydon, England in a single day.

1926 - Birth of Louis Wellington 'Lou' Schalk, Jr, American aviator, USAF test pilot and chief test pilot for the Lockheed Corporation's Skunk Works.

1929 - Boeing Aircraft of Canada was incorporated by William Edward Boeing of Seattle, Henry Stonestreet Hoffar and Charles George Beeching of Vancouver, to design and build aircraft and to take over, as a going concern, the Hoffar-Beeching Shipyards at Vancouver.

1933 - Georges Detré wins the Coupe Deutsch de la Meurthe, flying a Potez 53, covering the 2,000 km (1,200 mi) closed-circuit course with an average speed of 323 km/h (201 mph) -

1934 - The Collier trophy for the year's outstanding aviation achievement is awarded in Washington, D.C. to Hamilton Standard Propeller Company for the development of the controllable-pitch propeller.

1934 - Highland Airways commences the 1st regular airmail service within the UK, between Inverness and Kirkwall with a de Havilland DH84 Dragon.

1935 - 1st flight of The Messerschmitt Bf 109, often called Me 109, German WWII fighter aircraft, one of the 1st true modern fighters of the era, including such features as an all-metal monocoque construction, a closed canopy, a retractable landing gear, and was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine.

1937 - German battleship 'Deutschland' is bombed by Spanish Republican Tupolev SB (ANT-40) (mistaking it for the Nationalist cruiser Canarias) near Ivaza in the Balearic Islands

1937 - 1st flight of The Grumman G-21 Goose, American amphibious aircraft designed as an eight-seat "commuter" plane for businessmen in the Long Island area, Grumman’s 1st monoplane to fly, its 1st twin-engined aircraft, and its 1st aircraft to enter commercial airline service.

1940 - 1st flight of The Chance Vought F4U Corsair, American carrier-capable fighter aircraft .

1941 - General Henry H. Arnold established the Air Corps Ferrying Command to deliver lend-lease aircraft overseas from the USA.

1942 - 1st Flight of the CAC Boomerang, 1st fighter combat aircraft designed and built in Australia.

1944 - Death of Friedrich-Karl "Tutti" Müller, German WWII fighter ace killed in his Bf 109 G-6 when it stalled on landing approach at low altitude. -

1944 - Only US Navy carrier lost in the Atlantic: Aircraft carrier USS Block Island is torpedoed and sunk near the Azores by U-549 which is also sunk by a counter-attack with depth charges. -

1945 - Gnome et Rhône, major French aircraft engine manufacturer is natiolalized and becomes the Société Nationale d'Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d'Aviation (SNECMA). -

1945 – 1st combat mission of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator heavy bomber.

1947 - United Airlines Flight 521 Douglas DC-4 'Mainliner Lake Tahoe' failed to get airborne, overran the end of the runway at LaGuardia Airport, ripped through an airport fence onto traffic on the Grand Central Parkway, and slammed into an embankment, ultimately plunging into a pond and exploding, Killing 42 over 48.

1951 - Capt. Charles Blair lands in his F-51 piston-engined Mustang after making the 1st solo flight across the North Pole in a single-engined aircraft, from Bardufoss, Norway to Fairbanks, Alaska, covering 3,375 miles in 10 hours, 29 minutes,_Jr.

1952 - Aerial refueling is used on a combat mission for the 1st time, with 12 F-84 Thunderjets of the 159th Fighter Bomber Squadron being refueled by a KB-29 Superfortress on their way to Sariwon

1953 - 1st flight of the 1st Australian-built English Electric Canberra, jet-powered light bomber,

1953 - 1st of two 40 passenger de Havilland Comets arrived in Ottawa. With the arrival of this Aircraft, the RCAF became the 1st air force in the world to operate jet transports and the 1st operator to make scheduled trans-Atlantic crossings.

1954 - 1st flight for the 1st production Dassault MD-454 Mystère IV A, French fighter-bomber aircraft, 1st transonic aircraft to enter service in French Air Force

1970 - 1st flight of the Dassault MILAN, french supersonic fighter aircraft, fully equipped prototype rebuilt from a Mirage IIIR, including a laser designator and rangefinder in the nose -

1970 - 1st flight of the Robin DR-300/108, French 4 seat low wing cabin monoplane.

1972 - Death of Cleo Francis Pineau, American WWI flying ace, motorcycle racer, founder of Williamsport-Lycoming County Airport and businessman. -

1974 - Launch of Luna 22, Soviet unmanned space mission to study the Moon's magnetic field, surface gamma ray emissions and composition of lunar surface rocks, and the gravitational field, as well as micrometeorites and cosmic rays.

1981 - Last flight of the Bell Model 68 X-14, jet-powered VTOL prototype aircraft, victim of a hard landing accident which occurred following loss of roll control while making a ramp hover.

1986 - The 5th FAI World Rally Flying Championship begins in Castellón de la Plana in Spain with 57 crews from 18 countries.

1989 - 2nd and last Grumman X-29, American experimental jet fighter aircraft to test a forward-swept wing, canard control surfaces, and other novel aircraft technologies, makes its maiden flight

1996 - STS-77 Space shuttle ENdeavour is back on earth

1999 – Space Shuttle Discovery (STS-96) completes the 1st docking with the ISS.

2000 - STS-101, Space Shuttle mission Atlantis to the International Space Station (ISS), is back on earth

2002 - 1st flight of The Aceair AERIKS 200, Swiss sports plane of highly unusual design being marketed in kitplane form, 2 seat tandem highly-streamlined, bullet-shaped fuselage, with a T-tail and large ventral fin, pusher propeller, and canard configuration.

2003 - 1st flight of The Van's Aircraft RV-10, American four-seat, single-engine, low-wing homebuilt airplane.'s_Aircraft_RV-10

2004 - 1st flight of The NAL Saras (Sanskrit: Crane), 1st Indian multi-purpose civilian jet aircraft in the Light Transport Aircraft category designed by the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL).

2012 - Launch of Yaogan 15, Chinese reconnaissance satellite.