On This Day in Aviation History OCTOBER 15th

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1783 - 1st man to ascend in a tethered balloon is French scientist Jean Pilatre de Rozier. His hot-air Montgolfier balloon ascends to 84 feet - the length of the rope holding the balloon.


1816 - Birth of Stanislas Charles Henri Dupuy de Lôme, French naval architect and Navigable balloons designer.


1884 - Birth of Étienne Oehmichen, French engineer and helicopter designer.


1884 - Birth of Archibald Hoxsey, early American pioneer aviator for the Wright brothers.


1885 - Birth of Walter Noble, British WWI flying ace (as observer/gunner) and author.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Noble - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/noble.php

1890 - Birth of Albert Gregory Waller, Irish WWI flying ace, British Empire's Indian Army officer post war, and who returned to service in the Administrative and Special Duties Branch of the RAF.


1891 - Birth of Reginald Alexander John Warneford, WWI Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) Pilot.


1892 - Birth of James Joseph Wellwood, Australian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Wellwood - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/wellwood.php

1892 - Birth of William Ernest Shields, Canadian WWI fighter ace and sub-station superintendent of the Dominion air patrol at High River, Alberta.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Ernest_Shields - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/shields.php

1893 - Birth of John Jay Hopkins, founder and president of General Dynamics.


1907 - Birth of Zhao Jiuzhang, Chinese meteorologist, geophysicist, space physicist and engineer, pioneer of Chinese space technology and considered as "The Father of Chinese Artificial Satellite".


1909 - 1st British aviation meeting begins at Doncaster.


1910 - American Walter Wellman attempts to fly across the North Atlantic in his airship 'America'. The flight fails and the crew is rescued at sea.


1912 - Death of Henri Cobioni, Swiss aviation pionneer, killed in the crash of his Blériot monoplane during a meeting at La Chaux-de-Fonds.


1912 - Birth of Claude François André Dellys, French aviator, instructor, and test pilot.


1913 - Lieutenant Ronin makes the 1st official airmail flight in France from Villacoublay to Pauillac in a Morane-Saulnier.


1914 - Birth of Ezio Viglione Borghese, Spanish war and WWII italian flying ace.


1915 - The Wright airplane company is bought by Harry Payne Whitney, T. Frank Manville and William B. Thompson, with Orville Wright remaining as consultant.


1915 - Birth of Alfredo Balsamo, Italian WWII bomber pilot, Air Sea rescue pilot post war and high ranking officer.


1915 - 1st flight of The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 , British single-seat WWI pusher biplane fighter.


1917 - 1st flight of The Alcock Scout (A.1 / Sopwith Mouse), British curious "one-off" experimental fighter biplane built with the forward fuselage and lower wings of a Sopwith Triplane, the upper wings of a Sopwith Pup and the tailplane and elevators of a Sopwith Camel, married to a rear fuselage and vertical tail surface of original design (presumably by John Alcock himself).


1919 - Birth of Malcolm David Ross, American atmospheric scientist and balloonist who setted several records for altitude and scientific inquiry.


1919 - 2 more fatalities are recorded in the transcontinental endurance test when 2nd Lts. French Kirby and Stanley C. Miller die in an emergency landing in their DH-4 near the Wyoming–Utah border when they suffer engine failure near Evanston, Wyoming.


1920 - 1st commercial passenger flight into the Canadian north was made between Winnipeg and The Pas, Manitoba.


1921 - Spanish airline Compania Española de Trafico Aereo is established - it will eventually form part of Iberia Airlines.


1924 - Zeppelin-Airship "LZ 126" (USS Los Angeles (ZR-3)), under guidance of Hugo Eckener is delivered to the USA after a 81 hours and 2 minutes flight from Friedrichshafen to Lakehurst.


1925 - A de Havilland DH.53 Humming Bird is successfully launched from the British airship R.33


1927 - Dieudonne Costes and Joseph le Brix lands their Breguet 19GR 'Nungesser-Coli' in Port Natal in Brazil, coming from Saint-Louis, Senegal, as a part of their round-the-world 57,000 km trip (1st non-stop aerial crossing of the South Atlantic)


1928 - Graf Zeppelin LZ-127 airship, as part of DELAG's operations, complete the 1st non-stop transatlantic passenger flights in NAS Lakehurst, New Jersey coming from Friedrichshafen, Germany, a 9,926 km (6,178 mile), 111 hour crossing.


1932 – J.R.D. Tata flew a single-engined De Havilland Puss Moth carrying the 1st air mail (postal mail of Imperial Airways) from Karachi's Drigh Road Aerodrome to Bombay's Juhu Airstrip via Ahmedabad.


1933 - 1st run of the famous Rolls-Royce Merlin, British liquid-cooled, V-12, piston aero engine, of 27-litre (1,650 cu in) capacity. Rolls-Royce Limited designed and built the engine which was initially known as the PV-12: the PV-12 became known as the Merlin following the company convention of naming its piston aero engines after birds of prey.


1936 - 1st flight of The Nakajima Ki-27 'Nate', Japanese low-wing monoplane with fixed undercarriage fighter.


1937 - 1st flight of The Boeing XB-15 (Boeing 294), originally designated the XBLR-1 (experimental bomber, long range), American 4 engine monoplane bomber aircraft prototype.


1938 - 1st flight of the SNCAC NC-2233, French high wing 4 tandem engine 5 seat bomber, Reengined version of the NC223, issued from the Farman F220 family.


1938 - 1st flight of The Bristol Beaufort, British twin-engined torpedo bomber developped from the Bristol Blenheim.


1939 - New York mayor Fiorello La Guardia dedicates an airport in Flushing bearing his name. La Guardia airport is the costliest to build at the time, $45 million.


1940 - Death of Italo Gherardini, Italian WWII bomber pilot, killed in his Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79 while attacking a convoy near Aden.


1940 - 1st flight of the Fiat G.12, Italian all-metal low-wing cantilever personnel 3 engine transport aircraft .


1943 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky R-6 (Hoverfly II), American-built light two-seat helicopter.


1943 - American Airlines Flight 63 Douglas DC-3-178 crashed near Centerville, Tennessee after ice formed on its wings and propeller, Killingh all 11.


1944 - Death of Hiroshi Gomi, Japanese WWII flying ace, missing in action.


1946 - Death of of Hermann Wilhelm Göring, German politician, military leader, and a leading member of the Nazi Party. WWI fighter ace, He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe until the end of WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_G%C3%B6ring - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/goring.php

1947 - Death of Westland's assistant test pilot Sqn. Ldr. Peter Garner, Killed in the crash of the Westland Wyvern prototype, British single-seat carrier-based multi-role strike aircraft, while attempting to make an emergency landing after the propeller bearings failed in flight.



1951 - 1st flight of the SNCASO SO-6026 'Espadon', French single seat mixed power jet fighter prototype, evolution of the SO-6020.


1952 - 1st Flight of The Douglas X-3 Stiletto (a short hop), American experimental jet aircraft with a slender fuselage and a long tapered nose, to investigate the design features of an aircraft suitable for sustained supersonic speeds, which included the 1st use of titanium in major airframe components


1955 - Lieutenant Gordon Gray of United States Navy (USN) flies a Douglas A4D Skyhawk, setting a new world record of 695mph over a 500 kilometre course.


1959 - 1st flight of the SFERMA Nord 1110 (Nord Astazou), TurboProp Conversion prototype of the Nord 1100 Noralpha, French built Messerschmitt Me 208.


1959 - Death of Elliott White Springs, American businessman and WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elliott_White_Springs - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/springs.php

1964 - Birth of Roberto Vittori, Italian air force officer and an ESA astronaut.


1964 - 1st rotorcraft in history to exceed 200 knots (230 mph, 370 km/h), reaching 205 knots (236 mph, 380 km/h), is the Bell 533.


1967 - Death of Phillip von Doepp, German Engineer and aircraft designer, specialized in inverted wings, expert in guided missile aero design during WWII.

http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phillip_von_Doepp - http://www.astronautix.com/astros/vondoepp.htm

1968 - 1st flight of the CEA DR-380 'Prince', French 4 seat low wing monoplane tourer.


1970 – Domestic Aeroflot Flight 244 An-24 is hijacked and diverted to Turkey, 1st successful aircraft hijacking in the Soviet Union.


1974 - 1st flight of The Shin Meiwa US-1A , Japanese large STOL amphibian designed for air-sea rescue (SAR), evolution of the Shin Meiwa PS-1.


1981 - 1st flight of the Hillman 360, three-seat light helicopter.


1985 - 1st flight of The Fairchild T-46 "Eaglet", American light jet trainer aircraft prototype.


1988 - 1st flight of the Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Bo-108, german twin-engine civil helicopter prototype, later developped into the Eurocopter EC135.


1997 - Launch of Cassini–Huygens, joint NASA/ESA/ASI spacecraft mission studying the planet Saturn and its many natural satellites.


2001 - NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter's moons Europa and Io.


2002 - 1st flight of The Eurocopter EC155 HTT, Technology demonstrator all-weather version of the French long-range medium-lift passenger transport helicopter


2003 - Launch of Shenzhou 5, 1st human spaceflight mission of the People's Republic of China, Returning on earth that same day after a 21 hours, 22 minutes, 45 seconds flight. Yang Liwei becoming the 1st Chinese in space.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenzhou_5 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yang_Liwei