On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 27th

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1888 - Birth of François Durafour, Swiss aviation pioneer, test pilot, 1st to land an airplane on the slopes of Mont Blanc, Europe's highest mountain in the Alps.

1893 - Birth of Lucien Eugene Cayol, French WWI flying ace -

1894 - Birth of Juri Vladimirovich Gilsher, Russian WWI flying ace, one leg pilot after an amputation resulting of a crash of his Sikorsky S-16. -

1895 - Birth of Reginald Alfred Charles Brie, British WWI pilot, commercial pilot, Chief test Pilot for the Cierva Autogyro Company, WWII officer, 1st and only British subject to fly Sikorsky's R-4 Helicopter Prototype, founder member of both the Helicopter Association of Great Britain and the American Helicopter Society.

1895 - Birth of Henry "Hank" Robinson Clay, Jr., American WWI flying ace -

1896 - Birth of James Anderson "Jimmy" Slater, British WWI fighter ace. -

1912 - The aeronautical division of the US Army Signal Corps receives the 1st "flying boat", a Curtiss Model F, capable of takeoff from water.

1913 - 1st flight of the Willows N°5, British airship.

1915 - Birth of Stanislaw Skalski, WWII polish fighter ace, 1st Allied fighter ace of the war, High ranking officer post war. -

1915 - 1st flight of the Zeppelin L.19 (LZ 54), German WWI Airship

1915 - Birth of Thomas George Lanphier, Jr., American WWII fighter pilot who was 1st solely, then partially credited with shooting down the plane carrying Admiral Yamamoto, the commander in chief of the Japanese Imperial Navy.,_Jr.

1921 - Birth of Stuart Muller-Rowland, British WWII pilot and De Havilland test pilot.

1921 - Birth of Dora Jean Dougherty Strother (Dora Dougherty McKeown or Dora Strother McKeown), American aviatrix, Woman Airforce Service Pilot (WASP) and B-29 Superfortress demonstration pilot, ormer U.S. military pilot, human factors engineer with Bell Aircraft, instructor at the University of Illinois and helicopter test pilot for Bell Aircraft.

1925 - Death of Maurice Bizot, French WWI flying ace. Flying an air racer he was preparing for a world's speed record. He attempted a landing at over 100 mph (160 km/h), overturned the plane, and died in the accident. -

1927 - Death of Giovanni Agusta , Italian aviation pioneer, founder of Costruzioni Aeronautiche Giovanni Agusta.

1929 - The 1st Fokker F.32, American 4 engine passenger aircraft is totally destroyed in the crash and subsequent fire. During a demonstration of a three-engined takeoff, one of the two port engines was stopped, but the other failed shortly after takeoff, causing a loss of control.

1929 - A Ford Trimotor named the Floyd Bennett takes off with Richard E. Byrd (navigator), chief pilot Bernt Balchen, and two other crewmen, the co-pilot and a photographer for the 1st flight above the Geographic South Pole.

1930 - 1st flight of the Bernard 80 GR 'Oiseau Tango', single engine cantilever raid monoplane prototype with a crew of two. -

1930 - Birth of James Martin Taylor, USAF test pilot and Astronaut.

1933 - 1st flight of The Dewoitine D.570, prototype French single-seat fighter developped from the D.560 in a classic parasol form.

1934 - 1st flight of The Handley Page H.P.47, British single-engined low-wing monoplane built to an Air Ministry specification for a general purpose, bomber and torpedo bomber prototype aircraft

1940 - British West Indian Airways is established.

1940 - Death of Henri Guillaumet, French pioneer aviator, shot down in his 4-engined Farman NC.2234 aircraft 'Le Verrier' while flying to syria over the Mediterranean sea, by an italian fighter. -

1941 - Death of Arístides García López Rengel, Spanish Nationalist fighter ace of the civil war, missing in action while serving with the Spanish expeditionary squadron in Russia.

1943 - 1st flight of The Hafner Rotabuggy (formally known as the Malcolm Rotaplane and as the "M.L. 10/42 Flying Jeep"), British experimental aircraft that was essentially a Willys MB combined with a rotor kite.

1944 - Death of David Mary Tidmarsh, Irish WWI flying ace who also served in WWII -

1944 - 1st flight of The Boeing XF8B (Model 400), American carrier born single-engine long range fighter bomber prototype aircraft.

1946 - 1st flight of the Tupolev Tu-70 'Cart', Soviet passenger prototype variant of the Tu-4 bomber (which was a reverse-engineered copy of the American-made Boeing B-29 Superfortress), 1st pressurized fuselage in the Soviet Union.

1947 - 1st flight of the Breguet 482, French 4-engined bomber aircraft prototype. -

1947 - Air-India Douglas C-48C-DO (DC-3) crashes into Korangi Creek shortly after takeoff from Karachi, Pakistan, killing all 23 people on board.

1949 - 1st flight of The Douglas C-124 Globemaster II "Old Shakey", American heavy-lift cargo aircraft.

1952 - Birth of James Donald "Wxb" Wetherbee, USN pilot and NASA astronaut.

1952 - Death of Maurice Prévost, french aviation pionneer and air racer.

1956 - Linea Aeropostal Flight 253 Lockheed L-749 Constellation "Jose Marti" crashed into a mountain near Caracas Venezuela killing all 25, while flying through a rainstorm as it approached Caracas Airport.

1969 - 1st flight of The Israeli Aircraft Industries IAI Arava , light STOL utility transport aircraft

1971 - Soviet Mars 2 orbiter releases a descent module. It malfunctions and crashes, but it is the 1st man-made object to reach the surface of Mars.

1980 - Launch of Soyuz T-3, soviet space mission to space station Salyut 6.

1983 – Avianca Flight 011 Boeing 747-283B crashes on approach near Madrid's Barajas Airport, killing 181.

1985 - Launch of STS-61-B, NASA Space Shuttle Atlantis mission to deploy 3 communications satellites, and test techniques of constructing structures in orbit.

1989 - Tepper Aviation Lockheed Hercules L-100-20 operating for the CIA crashed on final approach at Jamba, Huíla in Angola while delivering arms to UNITA, killing all 13.

1989 – Avianca Flight 203 Boeing 727 explodes in mid-air over Colombia, killing all 107 people on board and three people on the ground.

2000 - 1st flight of The Eurocopter EC 725 Caracal (also named Super Cougar), european long-range tactical transport helicopter developed from the Super Puma/Cougar family for military use. -

2008 - XL Airways Germany Flight 888T Airbus A320 on a technical flight at low speed plunged into the Mediterranean Sea, 7 km off Saint-Cyprien on the French coast, close to the Spanish border, killing all 7. Primary cause was incorrect maintenance procedures which allowed water to enter the angle of attack (AOA) sensors. The water then froze in flight, rendering the sensors inoperative and thus removing the protection they provided from the aircraft's flight management system.

2009 - STS-129, Space shuttle Atlantis mission to the ISS, is back on earth