On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 8 th

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1882 - Birth of Alexander "Alec" Ogilvie, early British aviation pioneer.


1894 - Birth of Marcel Hanriot, French aviation Pioneer.


1908 - 1st flight of the R.E.P. II (Robert-Esnault-Pelterie II), French experimental high wing monoplane.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Esnault-Pelterie - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=581


1908 - 1st flight of The Roe I Biplane (often later referred to as the Avro Biplane), 1st powered aircraft to be designed, built, and flown in England


1910 - The Canton-Unne Monoplane, french experimental aircraft, is destroyed by fire after a hard landing.


1917 - Death of Thomas Grey Culling, New Zealand WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Triplane by a German naval flier.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Culling - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/nzealand/culling.php

1919 – Biplane bomber, Cierva BCD3 (Barcala-Cierva-Diaz), designed by Juan de la Cierva, reminiscent of the German Gotha, powered by a trio of 220 hp Hispano Suiza engines, called El Cangrejo (The Crab), is destroyed on a test flight when it stalls close to the ground. Pilot, Capt. Julio Rios Argiieso (also reported as Angueso), is shaken up but survives. Project is abandoned.


1920 - Birth of Ivan Mykytovych Kozhedub, Soviet Ukrainian military aviator, WWII fighter ace who also served during Korean war.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Kozhedub - http://cieldegloire.com/015_kozhedub_i_n.php

1920 - Lieutenant John Wilson makes a world record parachute jump from 19,861 feet in San Antonio, Texas.


1921 - 1st flight of the Zeppelin LZ 121 'Nordstern' (later transferred to France in the context of war reparations as the 'Méditerranée'), German civilian dirigible.


1921 - Harold Ross Harris is the 1st pilot to fly a pressurized aircraft flying a Dayton-Wright USD-9A with an experimental pressurized cockpit


1925 - Wibault Patents Limited, subsifiary of Vickers, is established in the UK.


1926 - Death of Jurgis Dobkevicius, Lithuanian aviator and aircraft designer, killed in the crash of his own designed Dobi-III, Single seat high wing monoplane.


1933 - Amy Johnson and Jim mollison attempt to fly from Croydon to New york fails as the undercarriage of their de Havilland Dragon 'Seafarer' collapse on take off.

http://rafmuseum-1.titaninternet.co.uk/online-exhibitions/amy_johnson/flight_list.cfm -


1934 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB-130, French 3 seat twin engine bomber monoplane prototype

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloch_MB.130 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9855

1934 - 1st flight of The Bristol Type 133, prototype single-seat, single-engine monoplane fighter, armed with four guns, metal-skinned and with a retractable undercarriage,


1934 - 1st flight of The Ryan ST, American two seat, low-wing monoplane aircraft. They were used as sport aircraft, as well as trainers by flying schools and the military of several countries.


1937 - The Bleriot-SPAD 710, French biplane fighter prototype with a V-Tail and a retractable landing gear, reached a speed of 300Km/h in level flight with gear extended.


1937 - Birth of Bruce McCandless II , former naval aviator with the US Navy and former NASA astronaut. During the 1st of his two Space Shuttle missions he made the 1st untethered, free flight using the Manned Maneuvering Unit.


1938 - 2nd prototype of the German 4 engine heavy bomber Junker Ju-89 reached an altitude of 7,242 m (23,750 ft) with 10,000 kg (22,000 lb).


1940 - 1st time that either the Hurricanes or their pilots have landed on a carrier deck, 10 surviving Gloster Gladiators and 7 Hawker Hurricanes of No.263 and No.46 Squadrons are embarked upon the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious as the RAF contingent is evacuated from Norway during Operation Alphabet. 1st time that high performance monoplanes without tailhooks had been landed on an aircraft carrier as the pilots discovered that a 7-kilogram (15 lb) sandbag carried in the rear of the Hurricane allowed full brakes to be applied immediately on landing. But later, HMS Glorious, Acasta and Ardent are sunk later by German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau.

http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/research/history-of-aviation-timeline/interactive-aviation-timeline/british-military-aviation/1940.aspx -


1940 - RCAF No. 1 (F) Squadron, augmented by personnel of RCAF No. 112 (F) "City of Montreal" Squadron, sailed from Halifax, NS for Liverpool, England.


1941 - Death of Mario 'Ras' Daverio, WWII italian pilot, in the crash of his Ju-87 over Tobruk.


1942 - Goodyear prototype G-Class Blimp G-1 is lost in a nighttime mid-air collision with another blimp, the L-2, off Manasquan, New Jersey, Killing 12.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G-class_blimp - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L-Class_Blimps

1944 - F/O K.O. Moore and crew of a Consolidated Liberator of No. 224 Squadron (RAF) sank two German submarines (U-629 and U-373) in 22 minutes off the French island of Ushant (Ouessant).


1944 - 1st 12,000 pound DP Bombs ('Tallboys') are dropped by Lancasters of No.617 Squadron, RAF Bomber Command, on a railway tunnel near Saumur, in an effort to block the tunnel and prevent the railway line from being used by German reinforcements en route to the invasion area. One bomb scored a direct hit, blocking the tunnel for months.

http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/research/history-of-aviation-timeline/interactive-aviation-timeline/british-military-aviation/1944.aspx -


1951 - 8 USAF Republic F-84E Thunderjets of the 560th Fighter-Day Squadron, 12th Fighter Escort Group, Bergstrom AFB, Texas, crash near Richmond, Indiana. Mission escorting B-36 Peacemaker bombers from Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio, to Selfridge AFB, Michigan. Worst mass air crash to date. 8 planes failed due to internal engine icing unknown to happen until this disaster. 3 Pilots were killed.


1953 - The Thunderbirds, officially known as the 3600th Air Demonstration Flight, gave their 1st performance at Luke AFB, Arizona, flying F-84G Thunderjets.


1954 - 2nd prototype of the Aero L-60 Brigadýr, small, propeller-driven Czechoslovakian STOL utility aircraft, improved version reengined with a M-208B engine, makes it's maiden flight.


1956 - The Mikoyan/Gurevich Ye-50, Soviet Swept-wing, experimental high-altitude interceptor, begins trial with the Dushkin S-155 rocket motor.


1958 - 1st attempt to launch a Mohr Rocket, German meteorological sounding rocket (Instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform scientific experiments during its sub-orbital flight. )


1959 - 1st flight of The Wassmer WA-40 Super 4 Sancy, French single-engined light aircraft, single-engined low-winged monoplane with retractable nosewheel undercarriage

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wassmer_WA-40 - http://www.aviafrance.com/wassmer-wa-40-super-iv-sancy--aviation-france-963.htm

1959 - The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail. Shortly before noon, off the northern Florida coast, USS Barbero fired a Regulus cruise missile towards the Naval Auxiliary Air Station, Mayport, Florida. Twenty-two minutes later the training type missile landed at its target; its training-type warhead having been configured to contain two official USPS mail containers.


1959 - 1st flight (unpowered) of the North American X-15, American rocket-powered aircraft/spaceplane, with Albert Scott Crossfield at controls


1960 – During a ground test run at Edwards AFB, California, the XLR-99 rocket engine of North American X-15-3, 56-6672, exploded, destroying the aircraft aft of the wing, and throwing the forward fuselage with pilot Albert Scott Crossfield in it 30 feet forward. Fortunately, Crossfield was not injured.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Scott_Crossfield#1955:_Joins_North_American_Aviation - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WXpEPZ6ZZIs

1963 - The National Museum of Naval Aviation opens at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida.


1963 - Death of Harold Spencer Kerby, Canadian WWI flying ace who commanded British Air Forces in East Africa during WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Spencer_Kerby - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/kerby.php

1964 - 1st flight of the Aerospatiale - Nord N 262B, initial production version for the french Airline Ait Inter of the French twin-prop high-wing airliner.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%C3%A9rospatiale_N_262#Variants - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9565

1964 - 1st flight of the CM-173 'Super Magister' (Potez 94), Reengined prototype version of the French two-seat jet trainer featuring the V tail.


1965 - Launch of Luna 6 (Lunik 6), Soviet unmanned space mission to the moon


1965 - Birth of Dr. Stanley Glen Love, PH.D., American scientist and NASA astronaut.


1966 - 1 of the XB-70 Walkyrie prototypes is destroyed in a mid-air collision with a chasing F-104 Starfighter. Joseph Albert "Joe" Walker, American NASA test pilot and Astronaut is killed in the F-104.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XB-70_Valkyrie#Mid-air_collision - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_A._Walker

1967 - US Navy technical research ship, USS Liberty, is attacked by Israeli Air Force Mirage III jet fighter aircrafts and Israeli Navy torpedo boats while in international waters north of the Sinai Peninsula, killing 34. Both the Israeli and U.S. governments conducted inquiries and issued reports that concluded the attack was a mistake due to Israeli confusion about the identity of the USS Liberty


1967 - Launch of Petrel 1, British sounding rocket (Instrument-carrying rocket designed to take measurements and perform scientific experiments during its sub-orbital flight. )


1971 - Death of Leslie Norman "Holly" Hollinghurst, British WWI flying ace and WWII high ranking RAF officer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leslie_Norman_Hollinghurst - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/collins2.php

1974 - Death of José Manuel Sarmento de Beires, Portuguese Army officer and aviation pioneer. Famous for having piloted the 1st night aerial crossing of the South Atlantic


1975 - Launch of Venera 9, USSR unmanned space mission to Venus. It consisted of an orbiter and a lander, 1st artificial satellite of Venus.


1982 - The Fitzroy Air Attacks occurred during the Falklands War. British troop transport ships were bombed by the Argentine Air Force (FAA) whilst unloading, with significant damage and casualties.


1982 - VASP Flight 168 Boeing 727-212A crashed into terrain while descending at night into Fortaleza, Brazil, killing all 137 people on board


1983 - Death of Harold Leslie Satchell, British WWI flying ace


1989 - A Soviet Air Force Mikoyan MiG-29 suffers a bird strike during a display at the Paris Air Show. Pilot Anatoli Kvochur manages to prevent the plane from injuring anyone, and saves himself by ejecting at only 400 feet


1995 – Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.


2006 - 1st flight of the Bell 417, American four-blade, single-engine, civil utility helicopter, evolution of the Model 407.


2007 - Launch of STS-117 , Space Shuttle mission flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis to the ISS, 250th orbital human spaceflight.


2008 - Death of Eugene E. "Gene" Damschroder, Us Navy WWII pilot and politician in the crash of his Cessna