On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 22 nd

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1880 - Birth of Eduard Martynovich Pulpe, Russian WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduard_Pulpe - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/russia/pulpe.php

1891 - Birth of Charles Findlay, Scottish WWI fighter ace who served in WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Findlay - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/scotland/findlay1.php

1892 - Birth of Robert Ritter von Greim, German WWI fighter ace who was asked to set up a Chinese air force, He helped to rebuild the Luftwaffe and was appointed to the command of the 1st Luftwaffefighter pilot school. He has been the last commander of the Luftwaffe in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Ritter_von_Greim - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/greim.php

1894 - Birth of Jean Alfred Fraissinet, French WWI flying ace, He served in WWII and later entered politic.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Alfred_Fraissinet - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/fraissinet.php

1896 - Birth of Owen John Frederick Scholte, British WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Owen_Scholte - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/scholte.php

1897 - Birth of Theodor Quandt, German WWI fighter ace, and WWII fighter pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodor_Quandt - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/quandt.php

1898 - Birth of John Rudkin, British WWI flying ace


1906 - Birth of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, born Anne Spencer Morrow, pioneering American aviator, author, and the spouse of fellow aviator Charles Lindbergh.


1907 - A military balloon falls and explodes in Debrecen, Austria-Hungary. Its crew of 2 French army officers and 1 Austrian army officer, and 10 peasant men on the ground are killed.


1910 - The German firm "Delag" inaugurates the 1st regular passenger-carrying airship service.


1911 - Italian Mario Cobianchi flew over the Pisa Tower.


1917 - 1st flight of the Port Victoria P.V.7 Grain Kitten, British Fighter aircraft prototype.


1927 - 1st flight of The Short S.6 Sturgeon, British prototype single-engined biplane naval reconnaissance aircraft, demonstrator of the corrosion resistance of duralumin aircraft structures


1928 - 1st flight of the SPCA 20, French 4 seat twin engine low wing monoplane torbedo bomber flying boat prototype.


1930 - Birth of Yury Petrovich Artyukhin, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut.


1933 - 1st flight of The Tupolev ANT-25, Soviet long-range experimental aircraft which was also tried as a bomber. It was used by the Soviet Union for a number of record-breaking flights.


1934 - 1st flight of The Fokker F.XXXVI, Dutch four-engined 32-passenger airliner, largest transport designed and built by Fokker.


1937 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH.94 Moth Minor, British two-seat tourer/trainer aircraft.


1939 – During the Khalkhin Gol Incident, a dogfight rages for 2½ hours between 120 Imperial Japanese Army aircraft and 95 Soviet Air Force fighters. The Soviets shoot down 31 Japanese aircraft in exchange for 11 of their own.


1940 - 1st true night fighter unit of the Luftwaffe, Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 (NJG 1), is formed, most successful night fighter unit.


1940 - Flight Lieutenant George Burge of the Royal Air Force, flying a Gloster Sea Gladiator nicknamed 'Faith', claims the 1st Italian bomber aircraft destroyed over Malta.



1941 - Launch of Operation Barbarossa, 1,489 Soviet aircrafts are destroyed on the 1st day alone by the German Nazis.


1941 - At 0430hrs Lieutenant Kokorev of the 124th Fighter Regiment, Red Air Force deliberately rams a German Messerschmitt Bf110. 1st recorded instance of a battering ram attack during WWII.


1941 - Werner Mölders, German WWII fighter ace, scores 5 on that single day (4 Tupolev SB-2 and 1 Curtiss Hawk)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werner_M%C3%B6lders#Eastern_Front - http://www.luftwaffe.cz/molders.html

1941 - Death of Wolfgang Schellmann, German fighter ace of spanish war and WWII, his Messerschmitt Bf 109-E rammed by a Polikarpov I-153 'Chaykahe' piloted by russian fighter puilot Petr Kuzmin just after he had shot down his 25th victim, near Grodno. Kuzmin was killed but Schellmann bailed out in ennemy lines. It is thought the Russian NKVD shot him

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Schellmann - http://www.luftwaffe.cz/schellmann.html


1944 - 1st flight of the Northrop MX-334, US prototype rocket-powered military interceptor.


1945 - 1st flight of The Vickers VC.1 Viking, British twin-engine short-range airliner derived from the Vickers Wellington bomber


1947 - 1st flight of The Martin XB-48, US prototype medium jet bomber.


1951 - Pan Am Flight 151 Lockheed L-049 Constellation 'Clipper Great Republic' crashed into a West African hill at an elevation of 1,050 ft (320 m) near the village of Sanoyie in Bong County, Liberia, killing all 40.


1951 - 1st flight of The Martin P5M-1 Marlin with raised flight deck for improved visibility, replacement of the nose turret with a large radome for the AN/APS-44 search radar, deletion of the dorsal turret, and new, streamlined wing floats. The engine nacelles were lengthened to provide room for weapons bays in the rear.


1954 - 1st flight of the SNCAN Nord 3201, French two-seat basic military trainer aircraft.


1954 - 1st flight of The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk, American carrier-capable ground-attack aircraft.


1957 - 1st launch of The R-12 Dvina, Soviet theatre ballistic missile NATO reporting name SS-4 Sandal.


1959 - French aviatrix Jacqueline Auriol sets a new speed record of 1 849 km/h with a Dassault Mirage III C.


1961 - 1st flight of the Beechcraft Model 80 Queen Air, American twin-engined light aircraft evolution of the Model 65 with a more modern swept tail and more powerful engines.


1962 - Air France Flight 117, a Boeing 707, crashed into a hill in Guadalupe while attempting to land at Pointe-à-Pitre, killing all 113 aboard.


1964 - Death of Vincent Justus Burnelli, American aeronautics engineer, instrumental in furthering the lifting body and flying wing concept.


1965 - John B. McKay flies the X-15 at 3,938 mph (6,338 km/h) at an altitude of 29.5 miles (47.5 km).


1966 - 1st flight of the 2nd and last Dassault Mirage III V (02), French vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) prototype fighter aircraft.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dassault_Mirage_III_V#Le_Mirage_III_V - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=10012

1973 - Skylab 2, 1st manned mission to Skylab, the 1st U.S. orbital space station, is back on earth.


1975 - Svetlana Savitskaya sets a new women's airspeed record of 2,683 km/h (1,667 mph) in the Mikoyan Ye-133, a modified MiG-25PU two-seat trainer.


1976 - Launch of Salyut 5 (OPS-3), 3rd and last Almaz reconnaissance space station to be launched for the Soviet military.


1981 - 1st flight of the P.Z.L. 106AT (Turbo Kruk), Turboprop powered version of the Polish agricultural aircraft.


1984 - Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited (operating as Virgin Atlantic), British airline, starts operations.


1984 - 1st flight of The Rutan Model 76 Voyager, 1st aircraft to fly around the world without stopping or refueling.


1987 - Death of Julio Salvador y Díaz-Benjumea, Spanish Nationalist fighter ace of the civil war, later general in the Spanish air Force and Air Minister.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julio_Salvador_y_D%C3%ADaz-Benjumea - http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/spain_salvador.htm

1990 - Bombardier purchases Learjet.


2000 - Wuhan Airlines Flight 343 Xian Y-7 crashed in Sitai Village, Yongfeng Township, after encountering an area of adverse weather, the aircraft was struck by lightning and encountered windshear, killing all 42 on board and 7 on ground.


2007 - STS-117 , Space Shuttle mission flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis to the ISS, 250th orbital human spaceflight, is back on earth


2010 - Launch of Ofek 9 (or Ofeq 9), Israel Aerospace Industries reconnaissance satellite.