On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 5 th

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1862 - Aeronauts Henry Tracey Coxwell and English physicist James Glaisher reach 9,000 m. -

1892 - Birth of Fritz Gustav August Kosmahl, German WWI flying ace -

1894 - Birth of Bertram Hutchinson Smyth, British WWI flying ace.

1906 - Death of André Tissandier, Brother of Gaston Tissandier, French architect, aviator, illustrator, editor and archaeologist.

1908 - 1st flight of The Goupy No.1, a.k.a. Goupy Ibis, French experimental aircraft, 1st triplane to fly, Designed by Ambroise Goupy and built by Voisin.

1909 - 1st flight of the Olivert-Brunet biplane, Juan Olivert Serra performing the 1st powered flight at Paterna, Spain. -

1912 - 1st flight of the Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.6, British research biplane aircraft, officially a rebuild of the Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.1

1914 - 1st Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carrier Wakamiya conducted the world's 1st naval-launched air raids during the 1st months of WWI from Kiaochow Bay off Tsingtao, China.

1916 - Zeppelin LZ 56 (Tactical number Lz 86), German WWI dirigible, crashed at Temesvar when the fore and aft nacelles broke away from the ship's hull after a raid, killing 9 of the crew.

1917 - Death of Walter Höhndorf, German test pilot, aircraft deigner and WWI flying ace, killed in the crash of an AEG D.I (biplane fighter prototype) he was testing. - -

1917 - 1st flight of The Zeppelin-Staaken R.VI type L, 4-engined German biplane strategic bomber, modified as a float-equipped seaplane for the Marine-Fliegerabteilung (Imperial German Naval Air Service) using Maybach engines.

1918 - Death of Herbert Barrett Good, British WWI flying ace, killed in action in his S.E.5a.

1918 - The Royal Canadian Naval Air Service is established.

1923 – US Army bombers Martin MB conducted by Brigadier General Billy Mitchell carry out anti-shipping exercises, sinking the obsolete battleships USS Virginia and USS New Jersey. -

1926 - 1st flight of The Rohrbach Ro VIII Roland, German 3 engined airliner.

1929 - Birth of Andriyan Grigoryevich Nikolayev, Soviet Pilot and cosmonaut.

1929 - The LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin rigid airship complete its 35 days round the world flight.

1929 - French Charles Fauvel set a new world altitude record for an aircraft under 400 kg with the Peyret-Mauboussin PM X (High wing single seat tourer) at 5193 m. -

1931 - Gee Bee Model Z aircraft's engineer, Robert L. 'Bob' Hall, flew to victory in the General Tire and Rubber Trophy race in Cleveland.

1936 - Beryl Markham, After a 20-hour flight, crash landed her Percival Vega Gull 'The Messenger' (fuel starvation due to icing of the fuel tank vents) at Cape Breton Island. 1st east-to-west solo crossing of the Atlantic by a woman. -

1939 - 1st attack on a German submarine is made by An Avro Anson of No.500 Squadron, 10 miles north of Ostend.

1940 - 1st flight of The General Aircraft GAL.45 Owlet, British single-engined trainer prototype aircraft issued from the Cygnet.

1942 - Death of François de Labouchere, French WWII fighter pilot, one of the 1st pilots to join the Free French Air Force, killed in action in his Spitfire by FW 190 near the Baie de Somme. -

1944 - William Harry 'Bill' Allen, USAAF WWII Fighter pilot, scores 5 victories on a single mission with his P-51.

1944 - An unsuccessful German attempt to assassinate Stalin, Operation Zeppelin, begins. A task force flies from near Riga in Latvia to a point near Moscow where the Arado Ar232B transport aircraft they were using crash lands.

1945 - 1st flight of The Douglas C-74 Globemaster, US transoceanic 4 engined heavy-lift cargo aircraft.

1948 - The United States Navy's Caroline Martin JRM Mars flying boat airlifts a record 28,390 kilos (62,262 pounds) of cargo from the Patuxent River base to Cleveland in Ohio.

1949 - William 'Bill' P. Odom lost control of his modified P-51 "Begin the Beguine" during the National Air Races in Cleveland and crashed into a home, killing himself and two people inside.

1952 - Korean war : Russian WWII veteran Nikolai Ivanovich Ivanov of the 726th IAP(133th IAD) was taking off from Antung as 2 F-86 Sabres were strafing the airfield. When they overshoot, he managed to enter in a low cloud cover. When he got out of the clouds, suddenly found a lone unaware F-86 ahead and shot it down. -

1953 - Russell M. Dobyns set a 3-kilometer speed record of 146.743 mph for helicopters at Dayton, Ohio, flyign a Piasecki YH-21 'Workhorse'.

1954 - KLM Flight 633 Lockheed L-1049C-55-81 Super Constellation 'Triton' ditched on a mudbank in the River Shannon immediately after takeoff from Shannon Airport after an unexpected re-extension of the landing gear and the captain's incorrect behaviour in this situation, killing 28 over 56.

1957 - 1st flight of Mil Mi-6 (NATO reporting name Hook), Soviet/Russian heavy transport helicopter.

1959 - 1st launch of the Black Brant 1, Canadian-designed sounding rocket and one of the most popular sounding rockets ever built.

1960 - A US Navy McDonnell F4H-1 Phantom II sets a world speed record of 1,216.78 mph (1,958.16 km/h) over a 500 km (311 mi) closed-circuit course.

1964 - Launch of OGO 1 (Orbiting Geophysical Observatory), 1st of 6 american satellites designed to study the Earth's magnetosphere and the interactions between the Earth and the Sun.

1966 - Death of Edward Denman Clarke, British WWI flying ace abd managing director of Saunders-Roe Ltd. -

1967 - CSA -Ceskoslovenské Aerolinie) Ilyushin 18D overloaded struck a wire of a mast on take off from Gander, Canada. It contacted the ground and continued until striking a railway embankment, 4000 feet past the end of the runway, killing 37 over 69.

1977 - 1st flight of the Aérospatiale SA 331, french four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-size utility helicopter protoype based on the SA 330 which will lead to the SA 332 Super Puma.

1977 - Launch of Voyager 1, US spacecraft designed to study the outer Solar System and eventually interstellar space.

1982 - Death of Group Captain Sir Douglas Robert Steuart 'Dogsbody' Bader, WWII RAF legless fighter ace. - -

1983 - STS-8, Space Shuttle Challenger, is back on earth , 1st night launch and night landing of the program, bringing the 1st African-American astronaut, Guion Bluford.

1984 - Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery (STS-41-D) completes it's 1st flight by landing at Edwards AFB.

1986 – Pan Am Flight 73 Boeing 747-121 with 358 people on board is hijacked at Karachi International Airport. Flight attendant Neerja Bhanot gave her own life while shielding 3 children from a hail of bullets. 20 passengers were killed among 360. -

1986 - 1st flight of tha AAI (American Aviation Industries) FanStar, prototype evolution of the Lockheed JetStar.

1989 - Launch of Soyuz TM-8, soviet 8th manned spaceflight to Mir.

1996 - Launch of UNAMSat 2/B, Mexican amateur satellite to study the trajectories of impact of meteorites in the Earth's atmosphere, 1st Mexican satellite.

1997 - 1st flight of the McDonnel-Douglas MD 902 "Enhanced Explorer", Evolution of the MD-900, American Light utility helicopter.

2001 - 1st flight of The PAC P-750 XSTOL, (formerly known as the PAC 750XL), New-Zealand utility aircraft, Wide-body version of the Cresco.

2005 - Mandala Airlines Flight 091 Boeing 737-200 crashes after taking off from Polonia International Airport in Medan, Indonesia. There were 143 fatalities.

2005 – An Antonov An-26B cargo aircraft owned by Transaviaservice of Georgia, operated for Galaxy Kavatsi of DRC, and flying with an expired Georgian license overshoots and burns at Isiro-Matari (DRC), killing all 11.

2012 – Wearing a white costume designed to induce endangered Siberian cranes to follow him, President of Russia Vladimir Putin pilots a motorized hang glider in three brief flights over Russia's Yamal Peninsula in the Arctic, apparently the first time a Russian head of state has piloted an aircraft. Cranes follow him on two of the flights. His flights are part of the "Flight of Hope" project to increase the population of Siberian cranes by using ultralight aircraft to lead the birds on flights that teach them to migrate.