On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 23 rd

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1886 - Birth of Basil John Blackett, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basil_Blackett_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/blackett.php

1890 - Birth of James Alpheus "Jimmy" Glen, Canadian WWI fighter ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Alpheus_Glen - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/glen.php

1900 - Birth of Blanche Noyes, American pioneering female aviator who was among the 1st ten women to receive a pilot's license


1904 - Birth of Alberto Ferrario, Italian aviator.


1905 - 1st flight of The Wright Flyer III, 3rd powered aircraft built by the Wright Brothers with Orville at the controls.


1911 - Birth of Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov, Russian Chief Designer of the Soviet Design Bureau OKB-276 which deals with the development, manufacture and distribution of equipment, especially aircraft engines, turbines and gearboxes.


1913 - Sikorsky Russky Vityaz , or Russian Knight, also called Le Grand, 1st four-engine aircraft in the world, is crushed by an engine, which had fallen off a landing single-seat Morane aircraft. Sikorsky decided not to repair the seriously damaged Russky Vityaz.


1914 - 1st flight of the Curtiss H-1 'America', American early long-range twin engine biplane flying boat prototype intended for transatlantic crossing.


1916 - Death of Victor S. Chapman, WWI French-American pilot, 1st American pilot to die in WWI, killed in action in his Nieuport 16.


1919 - 6 Zeppelins (LZ 46, LZ 79, LZ 91, LZ103, LZ 110, and LZ 111) are destroyed at Nordholz by their own crews in order to prevent them from falling into Allied hands.


1921 - 1st flight of The Short R38 (with US insignia ZR-2 painted on), British rigid patrol airship.


1921 - Birth of Edward Barnes Sismore, British WWII air navigator, fighter pilot and senior RAF officer in the post-war years.


1921 - Birth of Jeanne Marjorie Holm, 1st female one-star general of the USAF and the 1st female two-star general in any service branch of the United States, driving force behind the expansion of women's roles in the Air Force.


1923 - Death of Jean Pie Hyacinthe Paul Jérôme Casale, French WWI fighter ace, record setter and test pilot for Blériot, killed in the crash of the 1st prototype Blériot Bl-115.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Casale#Mort - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1670

1923 - Death of Ernest Leslie "Feet" Foot, British WWI flying ace, killed in the crash of his Bristol M.1D after it lost a wing.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Foot - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/foot.php

1923 - 1st Grosvenor Challenge Cup, for British aircraft under 150 horse-power, is won by Flight Lieutenant W.H. Longton of the Royal Air Force, in a Sopwith Gnu.

http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/research/history-of-aviation-timeline/interactive-aviation-timeline/british-civil-aviation/1923.aspx -


1924 - 1st flight of The Focke-Wulf A.16, German three-four passenger light transport monoplane designed by Heinrich Focke and Georg Wulf (at controls) and 1st design built by the newly formed Focke-Wulf company.


1924 - Lt Russell Maughan makes the 1st one-day crossing of the United States, completing the flight from Long Island to San Francisco in a Curtiss PW-8 in 21 hours, 48 minutes.


1928 - Death of Charles Alfred Lutz, USMC early aviator and record setter.


1930 - Birth of Donn Fulton Eisele, USAF test pilot and NASA astronaut.


1931 - Wiley Post and his navigator, Harold Gatty, leave Roosevelt Field on Long Island, New York in the Lockheed Vega 'Winnie Mae' with a flight plan that would take them around the world.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiley_Post - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Gatty

1933 - 1st flight of the Potez 435, French 3 seat high wing light utility and sports aircraft,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potez_43 - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=6900

1934 - 1st flight of the SAB AB-80, French High wing monoplane twin engined prototype, all purpose aircraft (named BCR as Bomber, Combat, Reconnaissance)


1935 - 1st flight of The Bristol Bombay, British twin engined medium bomber and troop transport aircraft.


1936 - French aviatrix Maryse Hilsz sets a woman altitude record for propeller driven aircraft of 14310 m.


1939 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D-550, French low wing single seat single engine prototype aircraft for speed records, issued from the D-520 fighter.


1941 - 1st Free flight of the Platt-LePage XR-1, also known by the company designation PL-3, early American twin-rotor helicopter


1942 - Death of Yutaka Aoyagi, Japanese flying ace of the Sino-Japanese war and WWII, killed accidently by friendly fire while towing a target.


1942 – Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.


1942 - 1st flight of The Martin JRM Mars, American large, four-engined cargo transport seaplane


1944 - Death of Ioan Sandu, Romanian WWII flying ace, killed in his IAR-81.

http://www.worldwar2.ro/arr/?article=731 - http://cieldegloire.com/012_sandu_i.php

1944 - 1st V1 flying bomb to be destroyed by being 'toppled' by the wingtip of a defending fighter, causing the missile to dive out of control, is attributed to a Supermarine Spitfire XIV No.91 (Nigeria) Squadron, RAF, flown by Flying Officer Kenneth Collier.

http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/research/history-of-aviation-timeline/interactive-aviation-timeline/british-military-aviation/1944.aspx -


1948 - 1st flight of the Arsenal VG-70, French Single seat experimental jet aircraft.

http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1790 - http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenal_VG_70

1948 - 1st flight of the prototype of the De Havilland dh-100 Vampire Fighter-Bomber Mk 5 (FB.5), modified from a Vampire F.3,


1949 - Death of Juan Olivert Serra, Early spanish aviation pioneer who performed the 1st powered flight in Spain.


1950 - Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 2501 Douglas DC-4 vanished from radar screens after requesting a descent to 2,500 feet (760 m) 18 miles (29 km) NNW of Benton Harbor, Michigan. There 58 people on board and no wreckage has been found.


1952 - Birth of Rita Maiburg, German airliner pilot, 1st woman airline captain.


1952 - 1st flight of the Leduc RL-19, French twin seat low wing monoplane tourer prototype.


1963 - 1st untethered vertical flight of The Yakovlev Yak-36 'Freehand', Soviet technology demonstrator for a VTOL combat aircraft.


1965 - Death of Clinton Leonard Jones, Jr., American WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clinton_Jones_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/jones2.php

1967 - Death of Ronald Graham, Scottish WWI flying ace and RAF High ranking Officer in WWII.


1967 - Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 BAC 1-11 204AF suffered a loss of control due to on board fire and crashed, killing all 30 passengers and 4 crew on board.


1970 - Death of Roscoe Turner, American aviator who was a 3 time winner of the Thompson Trophy.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roscoe_Turner - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thompson_Trophy

1980 - 1st flight of the Mudry CAP-21, french single seat monoplane aerobatic competition aircraft.


1980 - Sanjay Gandhi, Indian politician and younger son of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi died in an air crash near Safdarjung Airport in New Delhi. He was flying a new aircraft of the Delhi Flying club, and, while performing a loop over his office, lost control and crashed.


1983 - 1st flight of the Briffaud GB-10 'Pou-Push', French tandem wing (Mignet style) single seat aircraft with a pusher configuration single engine prototype for amateur construction.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Briffaud_GB-10_Pou-Push - http://aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9912

1985 - A terrorist bomb explodes aboard Air India Flight 182 Boeing 747-237B from Toronto. It crashes into the North Atlantic off the coast of Ireland, killing all 329 on board.


1994 - 1st flight of The Antonov An-38, Russian twin-engined prop transport aircraft , stretched and upgraded version of Antonov's earlier An-28.