On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 13 th

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1882 - Birth of Hans Fleischer Dons, Naval Officer and 1st norvegian Aviator.


1887 - Birth of Jorge Chávez Dartnell, also known as Géo Chávez, Franco – Peruvian aviator.


1889 - Birth of Adolphe Célestin Pégoud, well known pre-war French aviator who became the 1st fighter ace, 1st pilot to make a parachute jump from an airplane and one of the 1st to fly a loop in aBlériot model XI.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolphe_P%C3%A9goud - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/pegoud.php

1890 - Birth of François Portron, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Portron - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/portron.php

1893 - Birth of Reinhold Tiling, German engineer, WWI pilot and rocket pioneer.


1893 - Birth of Alan Arnold Griffith , English engineer, who, among many other contributions, is best known for his work on stress and fracture in metals that is now known as metal fatigue, as well as being one of the 1st to develop a strong theoretical basis for the jet engine.


1894 - Birth of Lloyd Andrews Hamilton, American WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lloyd_Hamilton_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/hamilton3.php

1895 - Birth of Gastone Novelli, Italian WWI flying ace.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gastone_Novelli_(aviatore) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/italy/novelli.php

1896 - Birth of Frederick Carr "Army" Armstrong, Canadian WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_C._Armstrong - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/armstrong2.php

1897 - Birth of Leslie Morton Mansbridge, British WWI flying ace


1910 - Charles Keeney Hamilton makes the 1st round trip airplane flight between New York City and Philadelphia.


1911 - Birth of Werner Streib, German WWII night fighter ace and high ranking officer postwar.


1911 - Birth of John Wescott Myers, American WWII test pilot and businessman.


1913 - Birth of Akira Yamamoto, Japanese ace fighter pilot in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Pacific theater of WWII.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akira_Yamamoto - http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/japan_yamamoto.htm

1917 - Death of Langley Frank Willard Smith, Canadian WWI fighter ace, killed when his Camel lost a wing and broke up in mid-air while attacking Gotha bombers


1917 - 1st heavy daylight raid on London takes place when 18 Gotha G-IV bombers of the German Army Air Corps attack the capital, causing 588 casualties, including 162 deaths. Although a number of interceptions were made, no enemy aircraft were shot down by defending fighters.


1918 - Birth of Helmut Lent, German night-fighter ace in WWII.


1918 - Birth of Jürgen Harder, German WWII fighter ace.


1918 - Death of Herbert James Hamilton, British WWI flying ace, Killed in a flying accident when his Sopwith Camel lost a wing.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Hamilton - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/hamilton1.php

1918 - Death of James Dacres Belgrave, British WWI fighter ace, killed in action in his S.E.5a

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Belgrave - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/belgrave.php

1918 - Death of Jack McGee, American pioneer aviator, Stunt pilot, test pilot for Gallaudet Aircraft Corporation (later Convair), flying a pontoon Gallaudet D-3 low over Greenwich Bay when his pontoon dipped into the water, causing his plane to topple into the water where he drowned.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_McGee_(aviator) - http://earlyaviators.com/emcgee.htm

1925 - Death of Paul Marcel Teste, French Navy officer aviator, test pilot and raid pilot, notable for the 1st aeronaval landing of the French Navy aboard the Béarn. Teste died from severe burns after he crashed with the Amiot 120 prototype while training for a transatlantic flight.


1927 – Aviator Charles Lindbergh receives a ticker-tape parade down 5th Avenue in New York City.


1929 - French Jean Assolant, René Lefebvre and Armand Lotti (with Arthur Schreiber as Stowaway) takes off from Old Orchard, Maine, in their Bernard 191GR 'Oiseau Canari', high-wing cantilever monoplane of conventional configuration, based on the Bernard 18, for a transatlantic flight to Santander, Spain.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_190 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9537

1931 - Birth of Lachlan "Mac" Macleay, USAF test pilot, Former Astronaut. He served as forward air controller with the 23d TASS, flying OV-10 Bronco in Thailand, before joining Hughes Aircraft in Tucson, Arizona where he worked on a series of missile systems.


1939 - Death of Frank Glasgow Tinker, American author and mercenary fighter pilot for the Spanish Republican Air Force, during the Spanish Civil War, top American ace during the Spanish Civil War.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Glasgow_Tinker - http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/us_tinker.htm

1940 - 15 Fleet Air Arm Blackburn Skuas of No. 800 and No. 803 squadrons from HMS Ark Royal join Royal Air Force Bristol Beaufort torpedo bombers escorted by Bristol Blenheim fighters in attacking Scharnhorst and other German warships anchored in Trondheimsfjord, Norway. After the Beauforts attack earlier than planned, the Skuas encounter heavy antiaircraft fire during their attack, and eight are shot down.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_battleship_Scharnhorst#Operation_Weser.C3.BCbung - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackburn_Skua#Operational_history

1944 - 1st flight of the 2nd prototype Polikarpov TIS (or Samolet MA), reengined version of the Soviet twin engine heavy fighter.


1944 - 1st V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only 4 of the 11 bombs actually hit their targets.


1945 - Birth of Ronald John Grabe, USAF colonel, test pilot and former NASA astronaut.


1949 - French René Leduc reached an altitide of 7788 m with his Leduc RL-16, single seat high wing light aircraft.

http://aircollection.pagesperso-orange.fr/rl16.htm - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9883

1950 - The Cierva W.11 Air Horse, British Single-engine three-rotor single engine driven helicopter prototype, largest helicopter in the world at the time, crashes claiming the lives of Alan Marsh (Chief Test Pilot) John "Jeep" Cable, (Ministry of Supply Test Pilot), and Joseph K. Unsworth (Flight Engineer).


1950 - English Electric Canberra B.1, bailed to Rolls-Royce for Avon engine tests, crashed on approach to Hucknall with engine fire, coming down just outside field perimeter, killing Rolls-Royce test pilot R.B. Leach.


1952 – A Swedish Douglas DC-3A-360 Skytrain flying over the Baltic Sea carrying out signals intelligence gathering operations for the Swedish National Defence Radio Establishment, is shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter.


1958 - Preserie Aérospatiale Alouette II SE 3130 flown by Jean Boulet, beats its previous helicopter altitude record, reaching a height of 10,984 m (36,027 ft)


1958 - Death of Harold Robert Buckley, American WWI flying ace and author (unofficial history of the 95th Aero called 'Squadron 95')

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Buckley - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/buckley.php

1962 - Capt. Richard H. Coan, USAF, sets a new closed-circuit distance record for helicopters when he flies a Kaman H-43B Huskie a distance of 656.258 mi. This beats the previous record of 625.464 mi. set by a Soviet Mil Mi-1.


1979 - 1st flight of The MBB/Kawasaki BK 117, twin-engined medium utility–transport helicopter


1979 - Soyuz 32, Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station, is back on earth.


1979 - 1st flight of The Solar-Powered Aircraft Developments Solar One, British mid-wing, experimental, solar-powered aircraft.


1982 - Death of Stanley Asa Puffer, Canadian WWI flying ace who served with the RCAF in WWII.

http://www.canadiangreatwarproject.com/searches/soldierDetail.asp?ID=97863 - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/puffer.php

1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the 1st man-made object to leave the solar system.


1993 - Death of Donald Kent “Deke” Slayton, one of the original NASA Mercury Seven astronauts.


1996 - Garuda Indonesia Flight 865 McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 crashed at takeoff Fukuoka Airport, Japan after the failure of the number 3 (right) engine. The crew was unable to stop the aircraft within the boundaries of the runway Killing 3 on board.


2010 - A capsule of the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa, containing particles of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa, returns to Earth, 1st time that a successful attempt was made to return an asteroid sample to Earth for analysis.


2011 - Liberty Belle, restored B-17 Flying Fortress made a forced landing in a nearby field near Oswego, Illinois after taking off from Aurora Municipal Airport in Sugar Grove, Illinois. Fire spread and the plane was destroyed.


2011 - 2nd test launch of the Boeing X-51 Waverider ends in failure off the Southern California coast when the vehicle fails to separate from its booster rocket after an air launch from an Edwards AFB, California-based B-52 Stratofortress. Following the drop, the X-51 fell for about four seconds before its booster successfully ignited. The vehicle fell into the Pacific Ocean after the booster did not separate as intended.