On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 4th

Jump to November =>(01 - 02 - 03 - 04 - 05 - 06 - 07 - 08 - 09 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30 )

1880 - Birth of Charles Alexandre Bronislas Borzecki, French WWI flying ace -

1884 - Birth of Henry George "Harry" Ferguson, Irish engineer and inventor who is noted for his role in the development of the modern agricultural tractor, for becoming the 1st Irishman to build and fly his own aeroplane, and for developing the 1st four-wheel drive Formula One car, the Ferguson P99. Today his name lives on in the name of the Massey Ferguson company.

1888 - Birth of John Leacroft, British WWI fighter ace who also served in WWII. -

1889 - Birth of Bela Macourek, Austro Hungarian WWI flying ace who flew post war for the Red Corps. -

1890 - Death of Félix du Temple de la Croix , (usually simply called Félix du Temple), French naval officer and an inventor, who developed some of the 1st flying machines: he is credited with the first successful flight of a powered aircraft of any sort, a powered model plane, and is sometimes credited with the 1st manned powered flight in history onboard his Monoplane.

1892 - Birth of Dieudonné Costes, French aviator, well-known for long distance and record breaking flights (Costes with Maurice Bellonte, flew the Breguet 19 Super Bidon "?" from Paris to New York, as the first aircraft in more difficult westbound direction, between North American and European mainlands.), as well as being a fighter ace during World War I. -

1893 - Birth of Arthur Edmund Easterbrook, American WWI flying ace (observer/gunner) and WWII high ranking officer. -

1895 - Birth of Thomas Greenhow Williams "Tex" Settle, US navy Balloonist and dirigible pilot.

1897 - Birth of Frank Neville Hudson, British WWI flying ace -

1908 - The sole Blériot VIII ter, early french prototype aircraft, is destroyed on take off. -

1909 - 1st flight of the Clerget Monoplane, early french aircraft which stayed aloft 50'.

1909 - 1st live cargo flight by airplane is made by John Theodore Cuthbert Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara, when he puts a small pig in a waste-paper basket tied to a wing-strut of his Voisin Bird of Passage, Just to prove that 'pigs could fly'.,_1st_Baron_Brabazon_of_Tara

1909 - Birth of Evelyn Stone Bryan Johnson (“Mama Bird”), American female pilot with the most number of flying hours in the world, colonel in the Civil Air Patrol and a founding member of the Morristown, Tennessee Civil Air Patrol squadron. She logged 57,635.4 flying hours, oldest flight instructor in the world, named in the Guinness Book of World Records as having the most flying hours of any woman and the most of any living person.

1910 - Ernest Thompson Willows flying the Willows No. 3 'City of Cardiff', british airship, takes off from Wormwood Scrubs to france for what will be the 1st airship to cross the English Channel at night and the 1st from England to France.

1914 - A Royal Flying Corps (RFC) detachment, drawn from officers of the Indian Central Flying School, and equipped with three Maurice Farman aircraft, leaves the United Kingdom en route to Egypt to support Indian Army units guarding the Suez Canal.

1917 - 1st flight of The Dornier Rs.III, German large four-engined monoplane flying boat.

1918 - German WWI fighter ace Karl Bolle scores his last 4 victories on that day (2 S.E.5a and 2 Sopwith Snipe)

1918 - Canadian WWI fighter ace Joseph Leonard Maries "John" White scores his last 4 victories (4 Fokker D.VII) on a single mission with his Sopwith Camel.

1918 - Death of Thomas Charles Richmond Baker, Australian WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Sopwith Snipe. -

1918 - Death of John Douglas Lightbody, Scottish WWI flying ace, killed in his Sopwith Camel by a Fokker D.VII,

1920 - Bernard de Romanet with a Spad S.20bis-6 sets a new world speed record of 309 kph (192mph) at Buc, France. -

1923 - A United States Navy (USN) Curtiss R2C1 establishes a new world speed record 429kph (267mph) with Alford Joseph Williams.

1924 - 1st fligth of The Canadian Vickers Vedette, 1st aircraft in Canada designed and built to meet a specification for Canadian conditions. It was a single-engine biplane flying boat purchased to meet a Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) demand for a smaller aircraft than the Vickers Viking with a much greater rate of climb, to be suitable for forestry survey and fire protection work.

1927 - Mario de Bernardi sets a new world speed record with a Macchi M.52 ( 479 kph/ 298mph) -

1927 - Hawthorne C. Gray, American early stratospheric explorer, died in his third attempt to break the balloon record of 40,820 feet. While descending from 42,470 feet, he died from oxygen starvation.

1932 - 1st flight of The Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing, American biplane with an atypical negative stagger.

1933 - Viação Aérea São Paulo S/A, or VASP, Brazilian airline, is formed.

1934 - 1st flight of The Junkers Ju 86, German twin engine monoplane bomber and civilian airliner.

1934 - Charles Kingsford Smith and P. G. Taylor lands their Lockheed Altair 8D 'Lady southern cross', 1st crossing of the Pacific Ocean from Australia to the United States

1935 - Latvian pilots Aleksandrs Hvastkovs, Janis Putnins and Janis Ravins die in the collision of a Bristol Bulldog and an Udet Flamingo at Spilve.

1938 - Jersey Airways de Havilland D.H.86 'St Catherine's Bay' crashed in the parish of Saint Brélade, 500 yards east of Jersey Airport, killing all 13 plus one on ground after the pilot made a climbing turn into the clouds and inadvertently allowed the aircraft to sideslip when he was still too close to the ground to avert disaster.

1941 - Death of Ralph Virden, LOckheed test pilot, killed in the crash of the Lockheed YP-38 Lightning prototype during High-speed compressibility tests after the tail section separated in flight over Glendale, California, and crashed inverted on a house.

1942 - 1st flight of The Latécoère 631, French civil transatlantic 6 engine flying boat. -

1945 - Death of Lowell Herbert Smith, pioneer American airman who piloted the 1st airplane to receive a complete mid-air refueling.

1948 - Test pilot Squadron Leader J.D. Derry completes the journey from London to Rome in a record time of 2 hours 50 minutes, flying a de Havilland Vampire FB5.

1952 - Birth of Charles Edward ("Chuck") Jones, USAF pilot and NASA Astronaut.

1954 - During a demonstration for the Navy brass at the Convair seaplane ramp on San Diego Bay, a Convair F2Y Sea Dart disintegrated in mid-air killing Convair test pilot Charles E. Richbourg when he inadvertently exceeded the airframe limitations. -

1962 - Launch of Mars 2MV-3 No.1 (also known as Sputnik 24), Soviet spacecraft which was intended to land on the surface of Mars. Due to a problem with the rocket which launched it, it did not depart low Earth orbit.

1962 - Tightrope nuclear test during Operation Fishbowl : Last atmospheric nuclear test performed by the US. US Air Force detonates a nuclear-tipped Nike-Hercules ground-to-air missile 69,000 feet over Johnston Island. -

1962 - Death of Enos, 1st chimpanzee launched into Earth orbit.

1966 - 1st ever automatic blind landing by a passenger aircraft is made by a British European Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident landing in dense fog.

1967 - Iberia Airlines Flight 062 Sud Aviation Caravelle on approach to Heathrow flew into the southern slope of Blackdown Hill in West Sussex, killing all 37 on board.

1968 - 1st flight of The Aero L-39 Albatros, Czech high-performance jet trainer and light ground-attack aircraft.

1970 - Concorde 001 reaches Mach 2

1972 - Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Ilyushin IL-14P flew into mountainous terrain, in adverse weather, on approach to Vrazhdebna Airport, killing all 35. The civilian controller was relieved of duty by a military controller which issued descent instructions without being positively aware of the position of the aircraft.

1974 - 1st flight of The AstroFlight Sunrise, American unmanned experimental electric aircraft technology demonstrator and 1st aircraft to fly on solar power

1975 - 1st flight of the Tupolev Tu-142M 'Bear', evolution of the russian maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft with improved electronic equipments. -

1976 - Bali International Air Service Fokker F-27 Friendship 100 impacted the ground shortly after overshooting runway approach, abrupt application of power caused the no. 2 engine to auto feather. 29 over 38 were killed.

1980 - Death of Elizabeth Muriel Gregory "Elsie" MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer,known as the "Queen of the Hurricanes", world's 1st female aircraft designer.

1981 - Launch of Venera 14, Soviet space probe for the exploration of Venus.

1983 - 1st flight of the Grinvalds G-802 'Orion', French tourer composite kit- and homebuilt pusher aircraft, 4 seat production version of the G-801 prototype. -

1986 - 1st flight of the Nicollier HN-434 'Super Menestrel', French homebuilt single seat low-wing single-engine light aircraft.

1988 - Death of Hermann Graf, German Luftwaffe WWII fighter ace, 1st pilot in aviation history to claim 200 aerial victories. -

1993 – China Airlines Flight 605 Boeing 747-409 overruns Runway 13 at Hong Kong's Kai Tak International Airport while landing during a typhoon, injuring 22 people.

1994 - Soyuz TM-19, Russian mission to the space station Mir, is back on earth.

1995 - Launch of Radarsat-1, Canada's 1st commercial Earth observation satellite. and Surfsat, American technology satellite to support experiments by NASA's Deep Space Network. -

2008 - Mexican Interior Ministry Learjet 45 crashed in central Mexico City at rush-hour traffic, killing all 8 on board (including Mexican Secretary of the Interior Juan Camilo Mouriño) and 7 on ground. Flown by little experienced pilots, the learjet suffered violent wake turbulence caused by a larger jet, causing the plane to invert into a nose-down attitude.

2010 - Aero Caribbean Flight 883 ATR-72-212 crashed in the central Cuban province of Sancti Spíritus, killing all 68, due to a combination of extreme weather conditions which caused severe icing, along with bad crew operating procedures.