On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 15 th

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1785 - Pilâtre de Rozier and Pierre Romain become the 1st known aeronautical fatalities when their balloon crashes during an attempt to cross the English Channel.


1881 - Birth of Paul Cornu, French engineer who manufactured bicycles by trade and who designed the world's 1st manned rotary wing aircraft and made the 1st piloted free flight.


1891 - Birth of Vladimir Mikhailovich Petlyakov, Soviet aircraft designer.


1892 - Birth of Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park, New Zealand soldier, WWI fighter ace and WWII Royal Air Force commander.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keith_Park - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/nzealand/park.php

1894 - Birth of James Alexander Connelly, Jr., American WWI flying ace and businessman.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Connelly_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/connelly.php

1895 - Birth of Henry Burnet Post, American pioneer aviator.


1896 - Birth of Robert Olds, American military pilot, general officer in the USAAF, theorist of strategic air power, and proponent of an independent USAF.


1897 - Birth of Karl Christ, German WWI flying ace who also served in WWII.


1906 - Birth of Birth of Melvin N. Gough, American test pilot, director of flight research activities at Langley, director of NASA activities at the Atlantic Missile Range and director of the bureau of safety at the Civil Aeronautics Board.


1913 - 1st flight of the Alco N° 1, American 3 seat biplane seaplane (Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company Model G), 1st plane built by Loughead (Lockheed).


1916 - Birth of Tetsuzo Iwamoto, Most successful Japanese 2nd Sino-Japanese War and WWII fighter ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetsuzo_Iwamoto - http://www.cieldegloire.com/010_iwamoto_t.php

1916 - 1st flight of the Boeing Model 1 (also known as the Boeing B & W Seaplane), American single-engine biplane seaplane aircraft, 1st Boeing product.


1917 - Canadian WWI ace Raymond "Collie" Collishaw scores 4 victories on that single day.


1918 - Death of Ernest Tilton Sumpter Kelly, Canadian WWI flying ace, killed in his S.E.5a by a Fokker DR.I,

http://www.canadiangreatwarproject.com/searches/soldierDetail.asp?ID=97910 - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/kelly.php

1919 - 1st direct non-stop crossing of the Atlantic by airplane is done by a British two-man team. Capt. John Alcock and Lt. Arthur Whitten-Brown lands their Vickers Vimy IV twin-engined bomber in Clifden, Ireland. They flew 1890 miles (3040 km) in 15 hours 57 minutes at an average speed of 115 mph (185 km/h) from St. Johns, Newfoundland.


1919 - Birth of Charles Huron Kaman, American aeronautical engineer, businessman, inventor and philanthropist, known for his work in rotary-wing flight and also in musical instrument design


1921 - 1st African-American woman to earn an international aviation license from the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale and 1st African American woman in the world to earn an aviation pilot's license is Elizabeth “Bessie” Coleman.


1924 - Birth of Ezer Weizman, 7th President of Israel, commander of the Israeli Air Force and Minister of Defense, WWII and Arab-Israeli War fighter pilot.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezer_Weizman - http://cieldegloire.com/016_weizman_e.php

1927 - 1st international charter flight. US businessman Van Lear Black charters a KLM Fokker F.VIIa for a flight from the Netherlands to Batavia.


1928 - An Imperial Airways Armstrong Whitworth Argosy 'City of Glasgow ' piloted by Gordon Olley races the London and North Eastern Railway's Flying Scotsman train the 390 miles from London to Edinburgh; the Argosy takes 84 minutes to refuel twice en route and beats the train by only 15 minutes


1928 - Mail is successfully transferred from an airplane in flight to a train as Lt. Karl S. Axtater flying an Air Corps Blimp directly over an Illinois Central train, transfers a mail bag to a railway clerk.


1931 - 1st flight of The Short Gurnard II, british single-engined two-seat biplane naval fighter in a floatplane version.


1931 - Canadian Airways pilot E.W. Stull in a Fokker F.14A, flew the 1st radio beam from Winnipeg to Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.


1932 - Birth of Einar K. Enevoldson, American fighter pilot, Test Pilot and record setter, civilian research pilot for NASA's Hugh L. Dryden Flight Research Center, Director of The Perlan Project (research project to fly a sailplane to an altitude of 90,000 feet - 27,432meters).


1933 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB-110, french 3 seat single engine high wing monoplane colonial scouting prototype.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloch_MB.110 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=10103

1934 - 1st flight of The Hawker P.V.3, British single-engined biplane fighter prototype.


1934 - 1st flight of The Short Singapore III (S.19), British multi-engined biplane flying boat.


1936 - 1st flight of The Westland Lysander, British army co-operation and liaison aircraft.


1936 - 1st flight of The Vickers Wellington, British twin-engine, long range medium bomber.


1937 - Death of Louis Massotte, French aviator, Blériot chief pilot and record setter, in the crash the Blériot Spad 710 fighter biplane prototype.

http://clec.uaicf.asso.fr/recherches_patrimoniales/louis_massotte.htm - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1558

1937 - 1st flight of the Wibault 368, French single engine low wing monoplane 2 seat aircraft prototype, to intend a speed record over 10.000km


1940 - French Pierre Le Gloan shoots 3 italian Fiat Cr.42 fighters and 2 Fiat BR.20 bombers on one mission.


1940 - Birth of Louis Pena, French aerobatic pilot, test pilot and aircraft designer.


1942 - Death of Mario D'Agostini, Italian WWII Pilot, killed in his Macchi M.C.200 over Tobruk.


1943 - 1st flight of The Arado Ar 234 'Blitz', world's 1st operational jet-powered bomber built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of WWII.


1943 - Royal Air Force 's 1st Autogiro Squadron, No.529 Squadron, is formed at Halton from No.1448 Flight. Radar calibration unit and only RAF unit to fly autogyros and helicopters operationally during WWII.


1944 - 297 planes (155 Avro Lancasters, 130 Handley Page Halifaxes, and 12 De Havilland Mosquitos) of the Royal Air Force bombed Boulogne harbour to suppress German naval activity following D-Day. Some of the Lancasters carried Tallboy bombs, and as a result, the harbour and the surrounding area were completely destroyed.


1945 - 1st air raid on the Japanese home islands conducted by USAAF strategic bombers. 75 B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers bombed the raid's primary target, the Imperial Iron and Steel Works at Yawata in northern Kyushu during Operation Matterhorn.


1945 - 1st flight of the The North American F-82 Twin Mustang, last American piston-engine fighter, Based on the P-51 Mustang.


1946 - The Navy's new Flight Demonstration Squadron, the Blue Angels, gives its 1st public performance at Craig Field in Jacksonville, Florida, with a trio of Grumman F6F-5 Hellcats, specially modified to reduce weight and painted sea blue with gold leaf trim


1948 - 1st flight of the Sud-Est SE.3101, french experimental single-seater helicopter.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sud-Est_SE-3101 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=2853

1951 - Death of Harold Leslie Edwards, Canadian WWI flying ace gunner.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_Leslie_Edwards - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/edwards2.php

1953 - 1st flight of the F-520 'Monitor' III, french 2 seat single engine monoplane trainer prototype.


1954 - 1st flight of the Hirsch H-100, French 3 seat twin engine prototype research aircraft to explore the so-called gust-absorption (gust alleviation) phenomena.


1954 - 1st flight of the Transcendental 1-G, American experimental single-seater convertible helicopter with two contra-rotating rotors located at the end of its wings

http://www.aviastar.org/helicopters_eng/trans_1-g.php - http://www.helis.com/50s/transcen.php

1958 - 1st flight of The Westland Westminster, British cargo helicopter powered by two turboshaft engines driving a single, five-bladed rotor.


1958 - Death of Alford Joseph Williams, USMC and USAAC pioneering aviator, record setter and test pilot.


1961 - Israeli Airline El-Al set a world record for the longest non-stop commercial flight: an El Al Boeing 707 flew from New York to Tel Aviv, covering 5,760 miles (9,270 km) in 9 hours and 33 minutes.


1966 - Death of Robert Grant Fowler, American early aviation pioneer and 1st person to make a transcontinental flight by traversing the Isthmus of Panama.


1972 - Cathay Pacific Flight 700Z Convair CV-880-22M-21 disintegrated and crashed after a bomb exploded in a suitcase placed under a seat in the cabin while the flight was flying at 29000 ft (8,839 m) (FL290) over Pleiku, South Vietnam.. All 81 on board were killed.


1978 - Launch of Soyuz 29, Soviet space mission to the Salyut 6 space station.


1986 - Death of Werner Streib, German WWII night fighter ace and high ranking officer postwar.


1988 - Launch of Panamsat 1 (American Civilian communications satellite), Meteosat 3 (European geostationary meteorological satellite) and OSCAR 13 (German Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio satellites) with an Ariane IV launcher.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PanAmSat - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meteosat - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSCAR

2000 - Death of Jules Roy, French author and Bomber Pilot in WWII.


2007 - Launch of TerraSAR-X, German Earth observation satellite.


2010 - Launch of Soyuz TMA-19, manned spaceflight to the ISS.


2011 - Launch of Rasad-1, Iran's 1st imaging satellite.