On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 21st

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1783 - 1st free or untethered human flight takes place when french Jean Francois Pilatre de Rozier flies with François Laurent le Vieux d'Arlandes as high as 500 feet and travels 5 miles over Paris in a Montgolfier hot-air balloon.

1843 - Birth of Gaston Tissandier, Brother of André Tissandier, French chemist, meteorologist, aviator and editor.

1887 - Birth of Clarence Leonard Tinker, Osage Indian, WWII pilot, 1st American Indian in U.S. Army history to attain the rank of Major General and 1st American General killed in WWII

1891 - Birth of Alan Machin Wilkinson, British WWI fighter ace who also served in WWII -

1893 - Birth of Stefan Stanislaw Stec, Polish flying ace, WWI and Polish-Ukrainian War military pilot, one of the pioneers of the Polish aviation credited as the designer of the Polish Air Force's insignia, the checkerboard.

1897 - Birth of Charles Cecil Blizard, British WWI flying ace (observer/gunner)

1897 - Birth of John Joseph Seerley, Jr., American WWI flying ace who also served in WWII -

1899 - Birth of Arthur Stuart Draisey, British WWI flying ace -

1909 - Birth of Helen Richey, American pioneering female aviator and 1st woman to be hired as a pilot by a commercial airline in the USA.

1914 - Birth of Mikhail Nikitovich Zhukov, Soviet Winter War and WWII flying ace.

1914 - 3 RNAS Avro 504s bomb the Zeppelin sheds at Friedrichshafen.

1916 - 1st flight of The Breguet 14, French biplane bomber and reconnaissance aircraft, noteworthy for becoming the 1st aircraft in mass production to use large amounts of metal rather than wood in its structure

1917 - Death of Rudolf von Eschwege, German WWI flying ace, Killed in his Albatross D.III by the explosion of a captive balloon he was attacking. The balloon had been fitted with a dummy observer and 500 pounds of high explosives; the booby trap was command detonated. -

1917 - 1st fligth of the Zeppelin LZ59 (L20), taking off for a journey through Africa. -

1929 - 1st flight of the Albert A-20, French High wing monoplane 2 seat twin engine transport prototype. -

1930 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D-33 'Trait d'union', French single-engine low-wing monoplane for long-distance records

1933 - Birth of Henry Warren "Hank" Hartsfield, Jr., USAF pilot and NASA astronaut

1935 - Vladimir Konstantinovich Kokkinaki sets an unofficial world record for ceiling in a Polikarpov I-15 fighter, reaching the altitude of 14,575 meters.

1941 - 1st flight of the Lioré et Olivier LeO-48, French twin engine 4 seat experimental aircraft to study lift transverse phenomenas.

1943 - No. 1426 (Enemy Aircraft) Flight RAF, nicknamed "the Rafwaffe" is formed to evaluate captured enemy aircraft and demonstrate their characteristics to other Allied units.

1944 - USAF B-29 Superfortress 'Ding Hao' is damaged during a raid on an aircraft factory at Omura Japan and forced to divert to Vladivostok in the Soviet Union. It was not returned and used in the Tu-4 Bull development effort.

1945 - 1st flight of The VL Pyörremyrsky, Finnish fighter prototype.

1952 - 1st flight of The Percival Pembroke, British high-wing twin-engined light transport aircraft (later Hunting Percival).

1959 - Ariana Afghan Airlines Flight 202 Douglas DC-4 crashed into the side of a hill at hills of Aramoun near Beirut 2 minutes after takeoff killing 24 over 27.

1970 - Operation Ivory Coast : 56 U.S. Army Special Forces soldiers landed by helicopter in the Son Tây prisoner-of-war camp located only 23 miles (37 km) west of Hanoi, North Vietnam. The mission's objective was the recovery of 61 American prisoners of war thought to be held at the camp, situated in an area where 12,000 North Vietnamese troops were stationed within 5 miles (8.0 km). The mission failed when it was found during the raid that all the prisoners had been previously moved to another camp.

1973 - Death of Alfred Hubert Roy Fedden, British engineer who designed most of Bristol Engine Company's successful aircraft engine designs.

1985 - Soyuz T-14, Soviet space mission to Salyut 7, is back on earth.

1987 - Launch of TV-SAT 1, West German communications satellite.

1990 - 1st flight of The Hongdu JL-8 (Nanchang JL-8 or Karakorum-8), People's Republic of China two-seat intermediate jet trainer and light attack aircraft designed

2000 - Launch of ANIK F1, Canadian geosynchronous communications satellite, most powerful communications satellite ever built at that time.

2004 - China Eastern Airlines Flight 5210 Bombardier CRJ-200LR crashed into a park shortly after take off, killing all 53 and 2 on ground.

2007 - Parachute World's largest canopy formation (100) is set in Lake Wales, Florida, USA.

2008 - Death of Alexander John 'Al' Lilly, Canadian airliner pilot, WWII Chief Test Pilot of RAF Ferry Command during WWII, Vice president of Canadair, 1st Canadian to break the sound Barrier.

2009 - Death of Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov, Soviet cosmonautand eminent space engineer.

2012 - Yemen Air Force Antonov AN-26 crashed in the Sana'a, capital of Yemen, killing all 10.