On This Day in Aviation History DECEMBER 29th

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1874 - Birth of Thomas (Tom) Wesley Benoist, American aviation pioneer who started the 1st scheduled aircraft service , founder of Benoist Aircraft Co.

1876 - Birth of Sanji Narahara, Early japanese aviation pioneer and aircraft designer.

1879 - Birth of Florence Mary Taylor(born Parsons), 1st qualified female architect, 1st woman to train as an engineer in Australia and 1st woman in Australia to fly in a heavier-than-air craft

1888 - Birth of Charles Godefroy, French aviator famous by his spectacular flight passing through the Arc de Triomphe in Paris in 1919.

1890 - Birth of Yevgraph Nikolaevich Kruten, Russian WWI flying ace. -

1892 - Birth of Alexander Alexandrovich Arkhangelsky, Soviet aircraft designer and doctor of technical sciences.

1905 - Birth of Henri Gaston Busignies, French electrical engineer who made major contributions to radar, radio communication, and radio navigation, helding 140 patents, many of them secret.

1912 - Birth of Alexander Yakovlevich Bereznyak, Soviet aircraft and missile designer.

1913 - 1st flight from Nancy, France to Cairo, Egypt is completed after one month by Frenchman Jules Vedrines in a Blériot monoplane.

1913 - Joseph Eugene Carberry and Fred Seydel wins the Mackay Trophy flying a Curtiss Model E airplane manufactured by Army aviators entirely from spare parts.

1916 - Zeppelin LZ84 (L38) is Damaged beyond repair in a forced landing (due to heavy snowfall) during an attempted raid on Reval and Saint Petersburg.

1921 - Edward Stinson and Lloyd Bertaud take off in a snowstorm with a BMW-engined Junkers-Larsen JL-6 (American version of the Junkers F.13) over Roosevelt Field for a new endurance record.

1926 - Death of Rothesay Nicholas Montagu Stuart Wortley, British WWI flying ace and aviation journalist. -

1927 - Death of Georg Wulf, German aviation Pioneer, Aircraft designer and test pilot, co-founder of Focke-Wulf, killed in the crash of the Focke-Wulf Fw 19 'Ente' prototype when a control rod snapped during a display. -

1931 - 1st flight of the Hawker Audax, British army co-operation 2 seat biplane aircraft based on the Hawker Hart.

1931 - 1st flight of The Grumman FF "Fifi", American biplane fighter aircraft, 1st Navy aircraft with retractable landing gear.

1932 - Ruth Rowland Nichols became the 1st woman pilot of a commercial passenger airline, flying for New York and New England Airways.

1935 - During a Paris - Tananarive attempt, The sole S.F.C.A. Maillet-Lignel 20, French twin seat tourism aircraft is destroyed in a crash on take off at Wadi-Halfa, Sudan, killing pilots Pierre Pharabod and Klein.

1936 - Compañía Aeronáutica Uruguaya S.A. (CAUSA), Uruguayan private airline company, is founded.

1937 - The Panamerican flight composed of 3 cuban Stinsons and a Dominican Curtiss Wright R-19 is caught in a storm near Cali, El Valle, Colombia., Resulting in the loss of theplanes, only survivors were the dominican crew.

1938 - An Arado Ar 79, German aerobatic two-seat trainer and touring aircraft, takes off from from Benghazi, Libya to Gaya, India, for a speed and endurance record with a jettisonable 106 L (28 US gal) fuel tank and extra 520 L (140 US gal) tank behind the cabin.

1939 - 1st flight of the 2nd and last SNCAC NC.530, French 3 seat twin engine scouting aircraft. Cancelled due to german invasion.

1939 - 1st flight of The Consolidated XB-24 Liberator, American 4 engine heavy bomber.

1940 - 1st flight of the Ilyushin Il-2 (TsKB-57P) Shturmovik, reengined Single seat version of the russian ground-attack aircraft.

1940 - The Luftwaffe makes a devastating attack on London, making extensive use of incendiary weapons.

1942 - Death of Enrico Pezzi, High ranking italian pilot during Ethiopian war, Spain war and WWII, in the crash of a trimotor Savoia-Marchetti S.M.81 while carrying medical supplies in Russia.

1942 - 1st flight of the Bell Model 30, American prototype for the 1st commercial helicopter, and 1st helicopter built by Bell Aircraft Company, demonstration test bed for the successful Model 47.

1944 - Richard Joseph 'Dick' Audet, Canadian WWII pilot flying a Supermarine Spitfire IX of No. 411 Squadron near Rheine, Germany, destroyed 5 enemy fighters in his 1st combat (3 FW-190 and 2 Me-109). -

1947 - 1st flight of the Tupolev TU-73, Soviet mid-winged without sweep 3 engine jet bomber prototype.

1948 - 1st flight of the Supermarine Swift (Type 510), british single-seat high-speed jet fighter.

1949 - Jacqueline Cochran (former head of the Women’s Airforce Service Pilots) set a 436.995 MPH international record for 500 kilometers (310.685 miles) in an F-51 without payload at the Mount Wilson Course.

1950 - Death of Reinhard Süring, German meteorologist and balloonist.

1951 - Continental Charters Flight 44-2 Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando crashed into Bucktooth Ridge (foothills of the Allegheny Mountains) near Napoli, New York, in adverse weather conditions and due to captain's poor judgement in attempting a flight by visual reference during instrument weather conditions, killing 26 over 40.

1953 - 1st flight of The Hurel-Dubois HD.32, French civil high wing twin engine aircraft based on Maurice Hurel's high aspect ratio wing designs, reengined version of the HD.31 -

1953 - The Sud-Ouest SO.1221 "Djinn", french light helicopter, set an altitude record for its class of 4789m (15,712 ft)

1957 - Death of John Nelson Boothman, WWII Royal Air Force officer and Schneider trophy winner.

1958 - Death of Rodolfo Verduzio, Italian aeronautical engineer and aviation pioneer.

1958 - Birth of Nancy Jane Sherlock Currie, American engineer, United States Army officer and NASA astronaut.

1961 - Death of Anton Flettner, German aviation engineer and inventor.

29 Dec 1961 - Death of Lewis Edward Goodier, American military pioneer aviator.,_Jr. -

1962 - Birth of Barry Eugene "Butch" Wilmore, USN test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1964 - 1st hover flight of the Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) XC-142, American tiltwing experimental aircraft designed to investigate the operational suitability of vertical/short takeoff and landing transports

1966 - On his 2nd flight, the Dassault Mirage F2, french prototype two-seat attack fighter, attained M=2.0.

1966 - 1st flight of The Beechcraft 60 Duke, American twin-engine fixed-wing utility aircraft with retractable tricycle landing gear and a pressurized cabin.

1972 - Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 Lockheed L-1011-385-1 TriStar crashed into the Florida Everglades as crew has been distracted by a faulty gear-down light, resulting in controlled flight into terrain, killing 101 over 176.

1974 - TAROM Antonov An-24RV crashed into the side of the Mountains (Muntii) Lotrului (22 km south of Sibiu) at an altitude of 1,700 m crew's incorrect approach procedure execution while the wind was increasing turbulence was present, killing -

1977 - Death of Leonardo Bonzi, Italian aviator, Actor and bobsledder -

1986 - 1st flight of The Scaled Composites Model 133-4.62 ATTT (Advanced Technology Tactical Transport), American technology tandem wing STOL transport demonstrator project powered by a pair of turboprop engines, to demonstrate novel applications of technology to enable new transport aircraft to operate out of shorter airfields with the novel utilization of 8 Fowler flaps,

1987 - Soyuz TM-3 is back on earth, bringing back Yury Viktorovich Romanenko who spent 326 days aboard Mir

1988 - Death of Alec Williamson, British WWI flying ace

1989 - Death of Hermann Julius Oberth, Austro-Hungarian-born German physicist and engineer, considered as one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics.

1989 - 1st flight of The McDonnell Douglas Helicopter Systems MD 530 N, part of the MD 500 series, American light utility helicopter, civilian version of the US Army's OH-6A Cayuse/Loach developed from the Hughes 500, 1st production helicopter to be fitted with the NOTAR anti-torque system. -

1991 - China Airlines Flight 358 Boeing 747-2R7F crashed shortly after takeoff from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taipei, Taiwan after #3 engine and its pylon had separated from the airplane and struck the #4 engine breaking off the wing, All 5 were killed.

1994 - Turkish Airlines Flight 278 Boeing 737-4Y0 'Mersin' crashed during its final approach to land at Van Ferit Melen Airport, Turkey in driving snow despite a warning from air traffic control not to attempt any more approach in a snowstorm, killing 57 over 76.

1994 - Death of Tudor Greceanu, Romanian WWII fighter ace.

2003 - Launch of Tan Ce 1 (TC-1), joint satellite based space mission by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) and the European Space Agency (ESA), 1st space mission launched by China to investigate Earth's magnetosphere.