On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 7th

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1824 - Jules-Francois Dupuis-Delcourt, french physician and aeronaut, makes an ascent from the castle of Montjean to Choisy-le-roi, A 20 Km flight, with a 5 Balloons gondola, (1 big surrounded by 4 smaller ones). -

1836 - Charles Green ascended the 'Great Nassau' balloon from Vauxhall Gardens for an attempt to cross the channel and fly to Weilburg in Nassau, Germany.

1884 - Birth of Maurizio Ramassotto, Early italian aviator, and race car driver.

1889 - Birth of Andrew Cameron Kiddie, South African WWI fighter ace -

1894 - Birth of Carlo Adamoli, Italian engineer, aircraft designer, raid Pilot, test pilot and WWII pilot. -

1894 - Birth of Lewis Isaac Collins, Scottish WWI flying ace (Observer/gunner) -

1896 - Birth of Charles Gray Catto, American WWI flying ace.

1898 - Birth of Vadim Borisovic Šavrov, Soviet Aviation historian and aircraft designer

1910 - 1st flight of the Todd Biplane, designed by the 1st woman in the world to design airplanes, Mrs Emma Lilian Todd, with Didier Masson at controls, over the Garden City aviation field. -

1910 - 1st known commercial air cargo. Philip Orin Parmelee flew in a Wright Model B biplane two bolts of dress silk 65 miles (105 km) from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio for the Morehouse-Martens Department Store, which paid a $5,000 fee. he made the flight in an hour and six minutes with the cargo strapped in the passenger's seat. -

1912 - Birth of Alexander Adolphus Dumfries Henshaw MBE, British air racer and test pilot for Vickers Armstrong in WWII.

1914 - Birth of Jesús Antonio Villamor, Filipino WWII fighter pilot and intelligence officer.

1915 - Gilbert Stuart Martin Insall, on patrol in a Vickers F.B.5 'Gunbus' with 1st Class Air Mechanic T. H. Donald, engaged an Aviatik two-seater and forced the German pilot to make a rough landing in a plowed field. This action earned him the Victoria Cross.

1916 – Imperial German Army Zeppelin LZ90, (LZ60), broke loose while being moved into a hangar at Wittmundehaven.

1918 - Death of Bentfield Charles Hucks, British aviation pioneer, 1st Briton to perform a loop in an aircraft, also credited with the Hucks starter (auxiliary power unit, almost always a motortruck, that provides initial power to start up piston aircraft engines).

1918 - Death of Claud Harry Stokes, British WWI flying ace, last ace killed before the war's end, shot down by anti-aircraft fire. -

1925 - Death of René Hanriot, French Racing Driver, early aviation pioneer and aircraft designer.

1936 – Polish Lotnictwo Wojskowe PZL.30 Zubr ("Bison") prototype, a twin-engine bomber prototype, disintegrates in mid-air when wing structure fails.

1938 - 2 of the 3 Vickers Wellesleys under command of S/L R. Kellett lands in Darwin, Australia coming from Islmailia, Egypt, setting a new world distance record of 7,158 miles (11,520 km) on a non-stop flight. One landed in West Timor, 500 mi (800 km) short of the final objective.

1941 - German torpedo-carrying He 111 aircrafts sinks soviet transport ship 'Armenia' while she was evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff from several of Crimea’s hospitals. It is estimated that between 5,000 and 7,000 people died in the sinking, including up to 2,000 unregistered passengers on board despite the fact that there were red crosses painted on both sides.

1942 - Death of Theodor "theo" Jakob Croneiss, German WWI flying ace -

1943 - A de Havilland Mosquito FB XVIII of No.248 Squadron, RAF Coastal Command, piloted by Flying Officer A.J.L. Bonnett of the RCAF makes the 1st attack on a U-boat using a 6-pounder (57mm) Molins gun. Bonnett fires eight rounds at the U-123 and achieves several hits on the submarine's conning tower and hull

1945 - 1st official air speed record by a jet aircraft of 606 mph (975 km/h) is set by H.J. (Willy) Wilson with a Gloster Meteor Mk4 at Herne Bay in Kent, UK. -

1947 - Rhulin Albert Thomas complete the 1st solo coast-to-coast flight across the USA by a deaf pilot.

1950 - 1st flight of the Salmson D-57 'Phryganet', French 2 seat high wing monoplane. -

1954 - A solo non-stop flight from new York to Toussus-le-Noble airport near Paris is completed by Maximilien 'Max' Conrad in a twin-engined Piper Apache.

1956 - Braathens SAFE de Havilland DH-114 Heron 2B crashed into the mountain Hummelfjell in Tolga, Norway after heavy icing, combined with a downdraft killing 2 over 12.

1962 - 1st flight of The SIPA S.251 Antilope, French low-wing prototype monoplane, 4/5 seats turboprop engine powered, which setted a number of class records but was not put into production. -

1963 - Death of Joseph Marie Xavier de Sevin, French WWI flying ace and WWII high ranking officer -

1966 - 1st flight of The Pilatus B4-PC11 (PC-11 in the Pilatus numbering sequence), Swiss all-metal intermediate sailplane.

1974 - Concorde 001 performed the fastest civil flight across the North Atlantic

1976 - 1st flight of The Dassault Falcon 50, French-built super mid-sized, long-range corporate jet, featuring a three jet engine layout with an S-duct central engine issued from the Dassault Falcon 20. -

1983 - Death of Alexander Augustus Norman Dudley "Jerry" Pentland, Australian WWI fighter ace, early RAAF officer, Airliner pilot and founder, Air racer who also served in WWII -

1996 - ADC Airlines Flight 86 Boeing 727-231 went down near Ejirin, Nigeria when the pilots lost control after taking evasive action to avoid a midair collision. 144 people were killed in crash

1996 - Launch of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), NASA spacecraft, designed to look for evidence of water on Mars.

1998 - Space shuttle Discovery (STS-95) is back on earth with John Glenn, 77 years old, oldest man in space.

2001 - Final day of operations for Sabena, national airline of Belgium. Flight 690 from Abidjan to Brussels via Cotonou was the last Sabena flight to land in Brussels. An Airbus A340-300 registered as OO-SCZ operated the flight.

2007 - A Romanian IAR-330 Puma SOCAT attack helicopter belonging to the 90th Airlift Base crashed in Ungheni, near Pitesti, Arges County durin a night training mission, killing all 3 including Commander Nicolae Bucur, who was one of the most experienced pilots of the Romanian Air Force -

2007 - STS-120, space shuttle Discovery mission to the International Space Station (ISS), is back on earth.

2009 - Russian Navy’s Pacific Fleet Tupolev Tu-142 crashes in the Tatar Strait some 12 miles (19 km) off Sakhalin Island during a training flight. All eleven crew are missing.