On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 10 th

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1838 - Charles Green reached the elevation of 27,146 feet (8,274 m) with his 'Great Nassau' Balloon

1892 - Birth of Walter Hunt "Scruffy" Longton, British WWI flying ace and air racer. -

1894 - Birth of Adrien Fetu, French WWI fighter pilot and glider pioneer.

1895 - Birth of Leslie Leroy Irvin, American stuntman and early parachutist, Founder of Irving Air Chute Company, later Irvin Aerospace Inc. He made the 1st free-fall parachute jump in 1919

1896 - Birth of Edgar James Kingston McCloughry, Australian WWI fighter ace and balloon buster, post WWI Engineer who served in the RAF in WWII until 1953. -

1897 - Birth of Charles Robert Reeves Hickey, Canadian WWI fighter ace -

1907 - 1st flight of the British Army Dirigible No 1, christened 'Nulli Secundus', British Semi-rigid airship that became Britain's 1st military aircraft.

1908 - 1st hour-long flight, lasting 62 minutes and 15 seconds, is made by Orville Wright at Fort Myer

1912 - RFC Lts. E. Hotchkiss and C.A. Bettington are killed in the crash after a structural failure of their Bristol Coanda military monoplane trainer at Wolvercote.

1916 - The Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 8, WWI german fighter squadron which will strongly influence the subsequent Luftwaffe, is formed.

1917 - Death of Jean Georges Fernand Matton, French WWI flying ace, killed in action. -

1917 - Death of Frank Potter, British WWI flying ace (as oberver), from injuries sustained 5 days before. -

1919 - The Schneider Trophy race is flown at Bournemouth, UK. Italian Guido Janello flying a Savoia S.13 is the only finisher, but is disqualifed for missing a turning buoy. When judges ask pilot Guido Janello to complete another lap, he ran out of fuel.

1922 - Birth of Rudolf Kaiser, German glider designer who worked for Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co.

1925 - US Navy Commander John Rodgers and crew arrive at Kaui, having sailed their PN-9 flying boat after it ran out of fuel 9 days before in an attempt to make the 1st transpacific flight from North America to the Hawaiian Islands.,_World_War_I) -

1928 - Australians Charles Edward Kingsford Smith and Charles Thomas Philippe Ulm takes off with the Fokker F.VIIb/3m trimotor monoplane 'Southern Cross' for the 1st nonstop Trans-Tasman flight over the Tasman Sea from Australia to New Zealand and back (c. 2,500 miles (4,000 km)) -

1929 - Flight Lieutenant George Stainforth flew the Gloster VI racing seaplane over a measured mile course for a top speed of 351.3 mph and ratified a world absolute speed record, averaged over four runs of 336.3 mph. Held only briefly, as a later run by Squadron Leader Augustus Orlebar in the Supermarine S.6 managed to raise it over 350 mph.

1929 - French Charles Fauvel set a straight distance record of 852,100 km for an aircraft under 400 kg with the Peyret-Mauboussin PM X (High wing single seat tourer). -

1933 - Birth of Yevgeni Vassilyevich Khrunov, Soviet air force pilot and cosmonaut.

1933 - 1st flight of The Mignet HM.14 Flying Flea ("Pou du Ciel" literally "Louse of the Sky"), French single-seat light aircraft designed for amateur construction. 1st of a family of aircraft collectively known as Flying Fleas.

1934 - Birth of Max Leroy Anderson, American hot air balloonist and businessman.

1938 - A German decree prohibits all foreign aircraft flying over Germany from leaving designated air corridors.

1939 - 1st RCAF wartime patrol was flown from Dartmouth N.S. by F/L DG Price in a No. 5 Squadron Supermarine Stranraer flying boat.

1940 - The "Italian Air Corps" (Corpo Aereo Italiano, or CAI), expeditionary force of the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) to support the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the British Royal Air Force (RAF) is formed.

1941 - 1st flight (Glide flight) of the Bolkhovitinov Bi-1 (Bereznyak-Isayev BI-1), Soviet research rocket-powered aircraft

1942 - The Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS - Air Transport Command using women to ferry planes from factory to airfields) begins operations.

1942 – 1st time RAF Bomber Command employs “Pink Pansy” – a target indicator that creates an instantaneous pink flash – during a raid by 479 bombers on Düsseldorf, Germany.

1943 - Death of Alberto Ferrario, Italian aviator.

1944 - Flight Sergeant Albert 'bob' Kimberley is lost without trace during an anti-shipping attack off the coast of Holland with his Beaufighter.

1944 - 1st flight of the Fairchild C-82 Packet, american twin-engine, twin-boom cargo aircraft.

1945 - Birth of Richard Michael "Mike" Mullane, USAF pilot and NASA astronaut.

1948 - Birth of Charles Simonyi, Hungarian-American computer software executive and space tourist.

1949 - 1st flight of The Nord 2500 Noratlas, French twin-engine, twin-boom military transport aircraft. -

1952 - Only F4U Corsair fighter-bomber victory over a MiG-15 during the Korean War : USMC Captain Jesse G. Folmar shoots down a MiG-15 before being shot down himself. He survives and is rescued.

1954 - 1st flight of the SNCAN Nord 3200, French twin seat French military trainer, precursor of the Nord 3202 production version. -

1956 - 1st flight of the Chatelain AC.5 'Bijou', French twin seat highwing tourer for home building.

1956 - 1st flight of The North American F-107 'Ultra Sabre', USAF tactical fighter-bomber prototype based on the F-100 Super Sabre.

1960 - 1st flight of the Sud Aviation 'Caravelle' VIN, Power-improved version of the french short/medium-range jet airliner. -

1962 - Czech Airlines Avia 14 (IL-14) crashed near Slakov (Czech Republic) approaching Brno, killing 11 over 39.

1967 - Death of Herbert James Edwards, Australian WWI fighter ace.

1967 - Death of Stanley 'Stan' Stanger, Canadian WWI flying ace. -

1971 - 1st flight of The Bell Model 309 King Cobra, American experimental attack helicopter based on Bell's successful AH-1 Cobra.

1976 - Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 550 Douglas DC-9-30 and British Airways Flight 476 Hawker Siddeley Trident 3B collided over Zagreb. 176 people died. The collision was attributed to an air traffic control error

1979 - Death of Charles Fauvel, French aircraft designer noted for his flying wing designs, and in particular, his flying wing sailplanes.

1982 - 1st flight of the Mudry CAP-X, French twin seat low wing trainer/tourer.

1982 - Death of George Haldeman, American aviation pionneer and record setter

1984 - Death of Jerome Clarke Hunsaker, American Engineer, Aircraft and Airship designer.

1984 - Death of Stanton William Bunting, british WWI fighter ace.

2000 - Royal Air Force Chinook helicopters operating in Sierra Leone, help in the rescue operation of British soldiers held by the 'West Side Boys' in Sierra Leone.

2009 - Launch of HTV-1 (HTV Demonstration Flight or HTV Technical Demonstration Vehicle), 1st Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) H-II Transfer Vehicle to resupply the ISS, unmanned cargo spacecraft carrying a mixture of pressurised and unpressurised cargo to the space station.

2011 - Launch of The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratories (GRAIL A and GRAIL B), American lunar science mission in NASA's Discovery Program which uses high-quality gravitational field mapping of the Moon to determine its interior structure.