On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 15th

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1885 - Birth of Sir Frederick Handley Page, English industrialist who was a pioneer in the design and manufacture of aircraft, founder of Handley Page Limited.

1894 - Birth of William Hargrove Chisam, British WWI flying ace

1894 - Birth of Hilbert Leigh Bair, American WWI flying ace. -

1895 - Birth of William Thomas Price, British WWI flying ace.

1896 - Birth of Giovanni "Giannino" Ancillotto, italian WWI flying ace -

1899 - Stanley Edward Spencer, Early british Aeronaut, ascended with John Mackenzie Bacon and Gertrude Bacon to observe the Leonid meteor shower from above the clouds. Ten hours later, their balloon landed near Neath, South Wales, narrowly missing drifting out over the Atlantic.

1906 - Birth of Curtis Emerson "Old Iron Pants", "Bombs Away" LeMay, USAF general credited with designing and implementing an effective, but also controversial, systematic strategic bombing campaign in the Pacific theater of WWII

1908 - 1st flight of the DUNNE D.4, Early british biplane.

1916 - 1st flight of The Boeing Model 2 , American two-place training seaplane, 1st "all-Boeing" design and the company's 1st financial success.

1917 - Death of Gerolamo "Gino" Lisa, Italian WWI pilot, during a bombing mission.

1917 - Death of Hans Hoyer, German WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Albatros D.V. -

1917 - Death of Hans Ritter von Adam, German WWI fighter ace, killed in action in his Albatros D.V. -

1917 - Death of Richard Runge, German WWI flying ace, killed in action in his Albatros D.V

1917 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-XIV, French biplane seaplane fighter aircraft. -

1921 - 1st flight in the US of the italian semi-rigid airship 'Roma' purchased by the USA.

1924 - Death of Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral, known simply as Sacadura Cabral, Portuguese aviation pioneer, he disappeared while flying over the English Channel, along with his co-pilot, Mechanical Corporal José Correia, due to fog and his shortening eyesight (which never kept him from flying).

1926 - Thomas Neville Stack and Bernard More Troughton Shute Leete leave Croydon, England in an attempt to reach India by air in 2 de Havilland DH.60.

1926 - Grosse Ile Airport, Inc. is incorporated into Detroit Aircraft to own and operate an airport on Grosse Ile, an island in the Detroit River. The airport covers 403 acres (1.63 km2) of land and has water approaches on three sides. Contains a circular landing field. 3.000 feet (0.914 m) in diameter, and an airship hangar.

1929 - 1st flight of the Dyle et Bacalan DB-70, large three engine French airliner prototype with a thick airfoil centre section which accommodated the passengers. Two fuselages, part of the centre section at the front but distinct further aft, carried the empennage. -

1929 - 1st flight of The McDonnell Doodlebug, American 2 tandemseat low wing light prototype aircraft.

1932 - 1st flight of The Hall XP2H-1, American prototype four-engined biplane flying boat, largest four engine biplane aircraft ever procured by the US Navy.

1936 - The German Legion Condor, formed to counter the increasing numbers of Soviet aircraft on the Republican side, begins operations in Spain.

1943 - 1st prototype Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender is destroyed while testing stall's performances

1945 - 1st flight of The PZL S-1, Polish high wing trainer and liaison aircraft, 2nd aircraft built in Poland after WWII.

1947 - Death of Eduard Ritter von Schleich, German WWI fighter ace, Airliner pilot, he was given control of the Hitler Youth flying programmes and promoted to general just before WWII. -

1947 - Death of Frank Wilbur "Spig" Wead, US Navy aviator and raid pilot, screenwriter who promoted US Naval aviation from its inception through WWII.

1949 - 1st flight of the Breguet Br 891R, French Twin-engined military freighter variant prototype of the cargo and passenger transport Breguet 890 Mercure.

1956 - A Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) Douglas DC-7C sets a new distance record for commercial airlines by flying 6,005 miles nonstop from Los Angeles to Stockholm, Sweden, following the Great Arctic Circle route.

1957 - 1st flight of The Tupolev Tu-114 Rossiya (NATO reporting name Cleat), soviet turboprop-powered long-range airliner.

1957 - Aquila Airways Short Solent 3 'City of Sydney' crashed into a disused chalk pit adjacent to heavily forested downland During an attempt to return after number 4 propeller had been feathered and the stoppage of the No.3 engine (Both on the same side), killing 45 over 58.

1959 - Birth of Timothy John "TJ" Creamer, NASA astronaut.

1964 - Bonanza Air Lines Flight 114 Fairchild F-27 crashed into the top of a hill in open desert country about 10 miles (16 km) SSW of Las Vegas during a landing approach in poor weather conditions killing all 29. An investigation years later showed that the Jeppesen chart was marked in a non-standard, and possibly confusing, manner.

1965 - 1st flight of the Piasecki 16H-1A Pathfinder II, American Experimental high-speed compound helicopter, larger version of the 1st prototype.

1965 - 1st circumnavigation of the world, over-flying both poles, is made by a Flying Tiger Line Boeing 707.

1966 - Pan Am Flight 708 Boeing 727-21 crashes on approach less than 10 miles west-southwest of Tegel Airport in Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.

1966 - Gemini 12 (officially Gemini XII), NASA manned spaceflight, is back on earth

1967 - Death of Michael James 'Mike' Adams, USAF test pilot, when his X-15 broke up in the air. Only fatality with a X-15 -

1968 – The US Air Force launches Operation Commando Hunt, a large-scale bombing campaign against the Ho Chi Minh trail.

1971 - Launch of SSS-A (S-Cubed A), NASA Explorer mission #45 for Magnetospheric research.

1972 - Death of Edgar James Kingston McCloughry, Australian WWI fighter ace and balloon buster, post WWI Engineer who served in the RAF in WWII until 1953. -

1973 - 1st (powered) flight of the Martin Marietta X-24B, experimental US aircraft to test lifting body concepts, experimenting with the concept of unpowered reentry and landing, later used by the Space Shuttle.

1974 - Death of Hermann Vallendor, German WWI flying ace -

1974 - Launch of INTASAT, 1st spanish artificial satellite

1978 - Icelandic Airlines LL 001 Douglas DC-8 crashed on approach just short of the runway at the international airport of Colombo, Sri Lanka, Killing 183 over 249.

1980 - Launch of SBS-1, (Satellite Business System) private professional satellite communications,.

1987 – Continental Airlines Flight 1713, a Douglas DC-9-14 jetliner, crashes in a snowstorm at Denver, Colorado Stapleton International Airport, killing 28 occupants, while 54 survive the crash.

1988 - 1st flight (and only one) of the Buran spacecraft, Soviet orbital vehicle analogous in function and design to the US Space Shuttle.

1990 - Launch of STS-38, Space shuttle Atlantis mission.

1992 - Aerocaribbean Ilyushin IL-18D flew into the 2500-ft high Pico Isabel de Torres On approach to Puerto Plata-La Union International Airport killing all 34.

2000 – A ASA Pesada chartered Antonov An-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola killing more than 40 people.

2003 - 2 United States Army Sikorsky UH-60L Black Hawk helicopters collide near Mosul, Iraq. Twenty-two soldiers were on both aircraft and 17 were killed.

2008 - Launch of STS-126, Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour to deliver equipment and supplies to the station, to service the Solar Alpha Rotary Joints (SARJ), and repair the problem in the starboard SARJ that had limited its use since STS-120.