On This Day in Aviation History February 22 nd

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1893 - Birth of Wolfgang Güttler, German WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_G%C3%BCttler - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/guttler.php

1899 - Birth of Joseph Marie Le Brix, French raid aviator.


1899 - Birth of Ronald Malcolm Fletcher, British WWI observer/gunner ace in two-seater fighters in conjunction with his pilot, Lt. S.F.H. Thompson.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Malcolm_Fletcher - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/fletcher.php

1900 - Birth of Paul Kollsman, American inventor who invented barometers and instruments for instrument flight in airplanes


1912 - Fokker Aviatik G.m.b.H.is formed


1912 - 1st pilot to exceed 100 miles per hour (161 km/h) is French Jules Vedrines in a Deperdussin monoplane near Pau, France.


1914 - Birth of Liu Chi-Sheng, Chinese Sino-Japanese war flying ace, leading ace of the Republic of China Air Force and high ranking officer post war


1920 - Birth of Suranjan Das, Indian Air force test pilot.


1921 - American James Herbert Knight, part of a relay team that flew 2,629 miles across the country, takes off in a de Havilland DH-4B from North Platte, Nebraska, for the 1st overnight transcontinental air mail delivery.


1922 - Death of Dmitri Dmitrijewitsch Fjodorow, Soviet Aircraft designer.


1925 - 1st flight of The de Havilland DH 60 Moth Cirrus G-EBKT, British two-seat touring and training aircraft, carried out by Geoffrey de Havilland.


1925 - 1st flight of The Gloster Gamecock, british biplane fighter.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloster_Gamecock - http://www.avionslegendaires.net/gloster-gamecock.php

1928 - Australian Bert Hinkler lands his Avro Avian, registration G-EBOV, at Fanny Bay in Darwin, Australia after 11,000-mile solo flight from England. He is the 1st to make such a trip, setting four other new records: longest solo flight, longest light plane flight, 1st nonstop flight from London to Rome and fastest journey from Britain to India.


1932 – During the Shanghai Incident, 3 Imperial Japanese Navy Nakajima A1 N2 fighters from the aircraft carrier Kaga score the 1st air-to-air kill in Japanese history, shooting down a Nationalist Chinese Boeing P-12 fighter piloted American volunteer Robert Short.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_aircraft_carrier_Kaga#Early_service_and_development_of_carrier_doctrine - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakajima_A1N#Operational_history


1934 - 1st flight of The Fairey S.9/30, british two-seat, single-engined biplane built to an Air Ministry call for a fleet reconnaissance aircraft. Although only one was built, it was the progenitor of the Fairey Swordfish.


1934 - Death of António Jacinto Brito da Silva Paes, Portuguese raid pilot, killed in a crash.

http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brito_Paes - http://www.alentejolitoral.pt/PortalRegional/ARegiao/PersonalidadesRegionais/Paginas/AntonioJacintodaSilvaBritoPais.aspx

1935 – Leland Andrews breaks Doolittle’s January record, completing a transcontinental transport flight in 11 hours 34 min flying a Vultee V-1A.


1938 - 1st flight of The Fleet 50 Freighter, twin-engine biplane Canadian general utility aircraft


1939 - 1st flight of The Yakovlev Yak-4 (Service names Yak-4, BB-22bis), Soviet twin engine high-speed reconnaissance aircraft transformed later in light bomber.


1940 - 1st flight of 2nd and last prototype of The Gloster F.9/37 (or Gloster G.39), British twin-engined design for a cannon-armed fighter


1942 - Death of August von Parseval, German airship designer.


1943 - Pan-Am Boeing 314A 'Yankee Clipper' Flying boat crashed while attempting to land, when the left wingtip of the aircraft contacted the water of the River Tagus, Portugal, during a descending turn, killing 24 over 39.

http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19430222-0 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing_314#Retirement

1948 - 1st flight of the LWD Junak (Junak 1), Polish trainer aircraft.


1952 - Birth of James Philip Bagian, American engineer and NASA scientific astronaut


1959 - Death of Robert B.C. Noorduyn, Dutch engineer, businessman, aircraft designer and manufacturer.


1969 - The Mil V-12, russian helicopter, lifted a payload of 31,030kg to 2951m (9,682 feet), breaking the records for maximum payload carried to 2000m.


1974 - Samuel Joseph Byck, American unemployed former tire salesman, attempted to hijack a DC-9, Delta Air Lines Flight 523, flying out of Baltimore-Washington International Airport intending to crash into the White House in the hope of killing U.S. President Richard Nixon.


1974 - Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Barbara Ann Allen becomes the 1st woman pilot in the US Navy.


1975 - 1st flight of The Sukhoi Su-25 'Frogfoot', Soviet single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft designed to provide close air support.


1978 - NASA launches Navstar-1 (OPS 5111), 1st satellite in the Global Positioning System (GPS).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GPS_(satellite) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OPS_5111

1980 - Death of Sadaaki Akamatsu, Japanese Sino-Japanese war and WWII fighter ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sadaaki_Akamatsu - http://www.cieldegloire.com/010_akamatsu_s.php

1986 - Ariane 1 launches Spot-1, French satellite for earth observation and Viking, Sweden's 1st satellite, Scientific satellite for the investigation of space plasma physics in the part of the magnetosphere close to the Earth, particularly in connection with the auroral phenomena.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SPOT_(satellite) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_(satellite)

1987 - 1st flight of the Airbus A320-100, short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger jet airliners.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airbus_A320_family - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=6564

1993 - 1st flight of The McDonnell Douglas MD-90, American twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet aircraft developped from the MD-80.


1996 - Launch of STS-75, Space Shuttle Columbia mission to carry the Tethered Satellite System Reflight (TSS-1R) into orbit and to deploy it, and also the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-3) designed to investigate materials science and condensed matter physics.


2000 - STS-99, Space Shuttle Endeavour mission, is back on earth.


2009 - SkyAirWorld , Australian charter airline, ceased operations.