On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 2 nd

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1794 - Jean-Marie-Joseph Coutelle and Nicolas-Jacques Conté of the French army's "Aerostiers" at Maubeuge, France make the 1st military use of a balloon (l'entreprenant), when they observe enemy positions from their captive balloon.


1849 – 1st air raid in history. Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice.


1889 - Birth of Ernesto Cabruna, Italian WWI fighter ace.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernesto_Cabruna - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/italy/cabruna.php

1891 - Birth of Takijiro Onishi, Japanese early pilot and admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during WWII, who came to be known as the father of the kamikaze.


1891 - Birth of René Paul Louis Dousinelle, French WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Dousinelle - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/dousinelle.php

1892 - Birth of Charles A. Revol-Tissot, french WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Revol-Tissot - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/revol-tissot.php

1892 - Birth of Albert Desbrisay Carter, Canadian WWI fighter ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Desbrisay_Carter - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/carter1.php

1894 - Birth of Roy Maxwell "Peter" Drummond, Australian WWI flying ace and high ranking WWII officer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Roy_Maxwell_Drummond - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/drummond2.php

1894 - Birth of Josef "Seppl" Veltjens, German WWI fighter ace, International arms dealer, as well as a personal emissary from Hermann Göring to Benito Mussolini.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Veltjens - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/veltjens.php

1898 - Birth of John Victor Sorsoleil, Canadian WWI flying ace.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Victor_Sorsoleil - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/sorsolei.php

1910 - Charles Rolls becomes the 1st man to make a non-stop double crossing of the Channel from Dover, England, in one hour, 35 minutes.


1917 - Captain William 'Billy' Avery Bishop, 60 Squadron, flying a Nieuport 17, made a single-handed attack on a German aerodrome and shot down three enemy aircraft. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for this action.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Bishop - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/bishop.php

1918 - Death of Pruett Mullens Dennett, British WWI flying ace, Killed in action near Estaires.


1919 - Mansell Richard James, Canadian WWI flying ace, disappeared while competing for a $1,000 prize offered by the Boston Globe for fastest flight between Atlntic City and Boston on what was reputedly the 1st Sopwith Camel in the USA.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mansell_Richard_James - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/james.php

1920 - Birth of Marcel Charollais, French Aerobatic pilot.


1921 - Death of Lucien Joseph Jailler, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucien_J._Jailler - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/jailler.php

1923 - 1st flight of The Boeing Model 15, US open-cockpit biplane fighter aircraft .


1930 - Birth of Charles "Pete" Conrad, Jr. , American naval officer, test pilot, astronaut and engineer, and the third person to walk on the Moon.


1932 - French Louis Massotte set a World speed record over 500 km at 308,779 km/h with the SPAD S-91/7.

http://clec.uaicf.asso.fr/recherches_patrimoniales/louis_massotte.htm - http://www.aviafrance.com/spad-s-91-7-aviation-france-7953.htm

1933 - Frank Hawks flew his Northrop Gamma 2A "Sky Chief" (American single-engine all-metal monoplane cargo aircraft) from Los Angeles to New York in a record 13 hours, 26 minutes, and 15 seconds


1936 - 1st flight of The LACAB GR.8, Belgian multi-role combat aircraft prototype, twin-engined biplane, which was intended to carry out bombing and reconnaissance missions, as well as act as an escort fighter.


1936 - 1st flight of the Potez 65 (or potez 650), French Twin engine Mitary transport aircraft. Derived from the Potez 62 airliner, the 650 was specifically built for paratrooper units.


1941 - 1st escort carrier of the US Navy, USS Long Island (AVG-1) is commissioned.


1942 - Nos. 8, 111 and 118 RCAF Squadrons moved to Alaska to join No. 115 Squadron already there, to work with the US Forces against the Japanese threat.


1943 - A Short Sunderland Mark III of No.461 Squadron, RAAF is attacked over the Bay of Biscay by 8 Junkers Ju88s. The ensuing combat last for 45 minutes and sees the Sunderland shoot down three of the attacking Ju88s. The Sunderland is badly damaged, with one of its crew killed and three wounded. Nevertheless, the pilot, Flight Lieutenant C.B. Walker brings the aircraft safely back



1944 - Operation Frantic : 1st shuttle-bombing mission using Soviet bases to attack Eastern European targets. 130 B-17s, escorted by 70 P-51 Mustangs, took off from Italy and landed at Poltava, Mirgorod and Piriatyn, Soviet Union, after bombing Debrecen, Hungary.


1949 - 1st flight of the Adam RA-17 Loisirs, French single-seat high-wing agricultural aircraft prototype derived from the RA-15


1950 - Death of Didier Masson, pioneering French aviator, barnstormer, 2nd flier in history to bomb a surface warship, WWI fighter pilot and early manager of Pan American World Airways.


1955 - The Baikonur Cosmodrome opens.


1956 - 1st flight of the Boisavia B-260 'Anjou' (later developed by SIPA as the Sipavia Anjou), French four-seat low-wing cantilever monoplane of conventional configuration with retractable tricycle undercarriage twin-engine light aircraft prototype.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boisavia_Anjou - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9700

1956 - Birth of Mark Lewis "Roman" Polansky , American aerospace engineer, research pilot and NASA astronaut


1957 - 1st solo balloon flight into the stratosphere (the upper portion of the atmosphere above seven miles) is made by U.S. Capt. Joseph W. Kittinger, Jr. In his plastic balloon Manhig 1, he stays in the air for six hours, 36 minutes and reaches an altitude of 96,000 feet.


1958 - 1st flight of The Vought XF8U-3 Crusader III (V-401), US aircraft developed by Chance Vought as a successor to the successful F-8 Crusader program and as a competitor to the F-4 Phantom II


1959 - Max Conrad takes off his Comanche 250 N110LF for a non-stop from Casablanca, Morocco to Los Angeles, a distance of 7,668 mi (12,340 km). With interior seats replaced by fuel tanks, the aircraft was loaded 2,000 lb (910 kg) over its production gross weight limit when Conrad took off.


1962 - 1st flight of the Jodel D-150 'Mascaret', French twin seat low wing monoplane light tourer/trainer aircraft.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SAN_Jodel_D.150_Mascaret - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1593

1962 - Launch of OSCAR II (aka OSCAR 2), second amateur radio satellite launched by Project OSCAR into Low Earth Orbit.


1965 - 1st flight of The Aerotec A-122 Uirapuru, Brazilian side by side military trainer aircraft, low-wing monoplane with tricycle undercarriage.


1966 - Robert Wallick and co-pilot wife Joan start a round the world flight from Manila, Philippine, with a twin engined Beech Baron C-55 called 'Philippine Baron'.


1966 - Surveyor 1, 1st lunar soft-lander in the unmanned Surveyor program, lands on the moon.


1970 - 1st flight of The Northrop M2-F3, US heavyweight lifting body rebuilt from the Northrop M2-F2.


1972 - 1st flight of The Aérospatiale SA 360 Dauphin, single-engine French utility helicopter developed as a replacement for Aérospatiale's Alouette III.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%C3%A9rospatiale_SA_360 - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=2375

1976 - Death of Paul Augustin Edouard Barbreau, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Barbreau - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/barbreau.php

1978 - Birth of Yi So-yeon, South Korean scientist, 1st Korean and 2nd Asian woman to fly in space


1981 - 1st flight of the Grinvalds G-801 'Orion', French twin seat tourer composite kit- and homebuilt pusher aircraft prototype.


1983 - Air Canada Flight 797, a DC-9 experienced an electrical fire in the aft lavatory during flight, resulting in an emergency landing at Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport. During evacuation, the sudden influx of oxygen caused a flash fire throughout the cabin, resulting in the deaths of 23 of the 41 passengers, including Canadian folk singer Stan Rogers.


1984 - Death of Arkhip Mikhailovich Lyul'ka, Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines.


1986 - Randy Haney set the record for hang-glide distance by traveling 199.75 miles (321.47 km) in his unpowered glider in British Columbia.


1988 - Death of Lawrence Percival Coombes, British WWI fighter ace and aero engineer

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Coombes - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/coombes.php

1994 - A Royal Air Force (RAF) Boeing CH-47 Chinook helicopter crashed in dense fog on the Mull of Kintyre, Scotland, killing all 25 passengers and 4 crew on board.


1995 - USAF Captain Scott O'Grady's F-16 is shot down over Bosnia while patrolling the NATO no-fly zone. The pilot ejected safely.


1998 - Launch of STS-91, Space shuttle Discovery mission, final Space Shuttle mission to the Mir space station.


2003 - Launch of Mars Express, ESA space exploration mission of Mars


2003 - Air France's Concorde takes off from Paris to New york for its last round trip.


2008 - Servicio Mexicano de Vuelos de Fletamento S. A. de C. V., operating as AeroMéxico Travel, charter flight subsidiary of AeroMéxico, started operations


2009 - Death of John "JE" Ernsting, senior British military commander and renowned researcher in the Altitude Division of the RAF Institute of Aviation Medicine, working on Partial-pressure suit assemblies.


2012 – Allied Air Flight 111 Boeing 727-221Adv(F) cargo plane, in rain and poor visibility, overruns the runway on landing at Kotoka International Airport in Accra, Ghana, and strikes a crowded minibus and a bicyclist on a nearby road. All four people on the plane survive, but the bicyclist and all 11 people on the minibus die.


2014 - Markus Scherdel make the 1st flight of the Solar Impulse 2, Swiss long-range solar-powered aircraft designed to achieve the first circumnavigation of the Earth by a piloted fixed-wing aircraft using only solar power.