On This Day in Aviation History March 10 th

Jump to March => (01 - 02 - 03 - 04 - 05 - 06 - 07 - 08 - 09 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30 - 31)

1886 - Birth of Robert Charles Morane, French aircraft designer and test pilot

1891 - Birth of Joseph-Henri Guiguet, WWI French flying ace credited with five aerial victories. -

1891 - Birth of Leslie Williams Burbidge, British WWI flying ace -

1892 - Birth of William Thomas Barnes, British WWI flying ace -

1893 - Birth of Paul Turck, German WWI flying ace

1894 - Birth of Joseph Marie Xavier de Sevin, French WWI flying ace and WWII high ranking officer -

1895 - Birth of Marziale Cerutti, Italian WWI fighter ace and WWII pilot. -

1896 - Birth of Gregory Hamilton Blaxland, Australian WWI flying ace -

1897 - Birth of Raven Freiherr von Barnekow, German WWI flying ace who served in WWII. -

1897 - Birth of Earl McNabb "Handie" Hand, Canadian WWI flying ace and 1st president of Toronto Flying Club. -

1898 - Birth of Jean Andre Pezon, French WWI flying ace who served in WWII. -

1899 - Birth of Laurence Herbert Pearson, British WWI flying ace

1904 - Birth of Captain Joseph "Mutt" Summers, chief test pilot at Vickers-Armstrongs and Supermarine.

1910 - 1st flight at night is made by Frenchman Emile Aubrun in Argentina on a Bleriot XI airplane. Aubrun makes two flights in the dark, each about 20 km from Buenos Aires and back again.

1912 - 1st flight of The Avro Duigan, British single seat tractor biplane built by A.V. Roe for the pioneer Australian aviator John Duigan.

1915 - The Battle of Neuve Chappelle opens. The assault on Neuve Chappelle is based, for the 1st time in the history of warfare, on maps prepared solely by photographic reconnaissance. The battle also included the 1st attempt at air interdiction, with bombing attacks on railways at Courtrai, Menin, Lille, Douai, and Don by Royal Flying Corps aircraft

1916 - Birth of František Hanovec, Slovak WWII flying ace who served on the Eastern front with the Axis Forces until The Slovak National Uprising (armed insurrection organized by the Slovak resistance movement during WWII), High ranking officer post WWII. -

1918 - Birth of Günther Rall, 3rd most successful fighter ace in history. He achieved a total of 275 victories during World War II: 272 on the Eastern Front, of which 241 were against Soviet fighters. He flew a total of 621 combat missions, was shot down 8 times and was wounded 3 times. He fought in the invasion of France, the Battle of Britain, in the Balkan Campaign and over Crete. He began the conflict as a young Second Lieutenant, and was a Major and Kommodore of JG 300 at the surrender. He claimed all of his victories in the Messerschmitt Bf 109. -

1918 - Death of Hans-Joachim Buddecke, German WWI flying ace, killed during an aerial combat above Lens by Sopwith Camels -

1918 - The sole Nieuport B.N.1, British single-engined biplane Fighter prototype aircraft, is destroyed in a crash after its engine caught fire in the air.

1919 - Death of Kurt Jacob, German WWI flying ace

1919 - 1st flight from a US Battleship : Commander Edward Orrick McDonnell flew a Sopwith Camel off an overhauled gun turret on the USS Texas. -

1925 - 1st flight of the Supermarine Southampton, British flying boat, one of the most successful flying boats of the between-war period. It was a development of the Supermarine Swan, which was used for a 10 passenger service between England and France.

1931 - 1st flight of the Bernard HV-42, French racing seaplane, streamlined single-seat cantilever monoplane with twin floats, built as a trainer for the French Schneider Trophy team. -

1932 - 1st flight of the Gourdou Leseurre GL-811 HY, French 3-seat reconnaissance floatplane with foldable wings.

1936 - 1st flight of The Fairey Battle, British single-engine light bomber.

1937 - 1st flight of The Hawker Henley, British two-seat target tug derived from the Hawker Hurricane.

1943 - 1st Republic P-47 Thunderbolt combat mission. The 4th FG took their aircraft on a fighter sweep over France.

1944 - Death of Kazuo Hattori, Japanese WWII flying ace, killed in action.

1944 - Loftleiðir HF (Icelandic Airlines), private Icelandic airline is formed

1945 - Pilot Officer J. 0. Patten destroyed a Japanese fire balloon near Saltspring Island, BC. Also, one of the last paper balloons descended in the vicinity of the Manhattan Project's production facility at the Hanford Site. This balloon caused a short circuit in the powerlines supplying electricity for the nuclear reactor cooling pumps, but backup safety devices restored power almost immediately. A fire balloon, balloon bomb, or Fu-Go was an experimental weapon launched by Japan during World War II. A hydrogen balloon with a load varying from a 12-kilogram (26 lb) incendiary to one 15 kg (33 lb) antipersonnel bomb and four 5 kg (11 lb) incendiary devices attached, they were designed as a cheap weapon intended to make use of the jet stream over the Pacific Ocean and wreak havoc on Canadian and American cities, forests, and farmland.

1946 - Australian National Airways Douglas DC-3 crashed into the sea with both engines operating less than 2 minutes after takeoff from Hobart, Australia, killing all 25

1947 - 1st flight of The Saab 21R , swedish twin-boom fighter/attack aircraft made by SAAB. It was a jet-powered development of the piston-engined Saab 21.

1948 - NASA test pilot Herbert Henry Hoover becomes the 1st civilian to exceed the speed of sound when he flies the No. 2 Bell XS-1 to a speed of 703 mph (Mach 1.065).

1948 - 1st USN jet landing at sea aboard Uss Boxer (CV-21) by Fighter Squadron VF-5A 'Screaming Eagles' using North American FJ-1 Fury. -

1949 - Queensland Airlines Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar suddenly pitched nose-up just after take off, stalled and crashed onto its belly beyond the end of the airstrip at Coolangatta, Queensland, Australia, killing all 21.

1951 - 1st flight of The Fairey Delta 1 (or FD1), British research aircraft produced by the Fairey Aviation Company for investigation of delta wing flight characteristics and control at transonic speeds.

1953 - 2 MiG-15bis of the Czechoslovak Air Force intercepted two F-84Gs over Czechoslovak airspace, and Jaroslav Šrámek shot down one of them; the F-84 crashed in Bavarian territory. US pilot bailed out safely.

1956 - 1st aircraft to exceed 1,000 mph (1,609 km/h) on a level flight is a Fairey Delta 2 (or FD2, internal designation Type V within Fairey), British supersonic research aircraft. Piloted by Lt. Cdr. Lionel Peter Twiss, it reaches a speed of 1,132 mph (1,822 km/h).

1959 - 1st flight of The Northrop T-38 Talon, American twin-engine supersonic jet trainer.

1961 - Birth of Laurel Blair Salton Clark, medical doctor, United States Navy Captain, NASA astronaut and Space Shuttle mission specialist who was killed in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

1967 - Capt Mac C. Brestel, an F-105 pilot with the 355th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base (RTAFB), Thailand, became the 1st USAF pilot to down two MiGs in one mission in the Vietnam War

1968 - Death of Ernest Tips, Belgian aircraft designer.

1973 - 1st flight of The Boeing T-43, a modified Boeing 737-200 used by the USAF for training navigators.

1977 - 1st flight of The General Dynamics/Grumman EF-111A Raven, American electronic warfare jet aircraft

1977 - During a flight with NASA's Kuiper Airborne Observatory (Modified C-141A), rings of Uranus are discovered by James L. Elliot, Edward W. Dunham, and Douglas J. Mink.

1978 - 1st flight of The Dassault Mirage 2000, French multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter.

1980 - Death of Euan Dickson, British born New Zealander WWI bomber pilot and fighter ace, aviation pioneer, 1st person to fly across the Cook Strait. -

1989 - Air Ontario Flight 1363 Fokker F28-1000 crashed near Dryden, Ontario, immediately after take-off unable to achieve enough altitude to clear the trees beyond the end of the runway due to ice and snow on the wings, killing 24 over 69.

2006 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.

2010 - 1st flight of The KAI Surion, Korean twin-engine, transport utility helicopter.