On This Day in Aviation History DECEMBER 1st

Jump to December => (01 - 02 - 03 - 04 - 05 - 06 - 07 - 08 - 09 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30 - 31)

1783 - Jacques Alexandre César Charles and Nicolas-Louis Robert as co-pilot make the 1st trip in a hydrogen balloon, flying 27 miles from Paris to Nesles-la-Vallée, France, a 2 hour 5 minute flight of 36 km. After landing, Charles goes up again by himself, achieving the 1st solo balloon flight.

1798 - French Nicolas-Jacques Conté was called on to exercise his expertise in ballooning in newly conquered Cairo, Egypt. His efforts met with a near disaster. The balloon caught fire and the Egyptians received the impression that what had been demonstrated was a machine of war for setting fire to the enemy encampments.

1876 - Birth of Paul Ward Beck, American aviation pioneer, and one of the 1st military pilots.

1878 - Birth of Henri Jullerot, French early aviator, demonstrator, raid pilot and WWI pilot who build in WWII the Free French Naval Air Service. -

1890 - Birth of Hon. Dame Mary Bailey (born Westenra), British aviatrix.

1896 - Birth of Miles Jeffrey Game Day, British WWI flying ace and war poet. It is said that he wrote poetry whilst flying. -

1909 - 1st official flight of the German non-rigid airship 'Erbslöh' over Leichlingen.

1911 - Arthur Murray Longmore pilots a Short S27 on the 1st landing on water in Britain, on the river Medway. -

1918 - TsAGI (Tsentralniy Aerogidrodinamicheskiy Institut - Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute) is founded in Moscow by the pioneer of Russian aviation, Nikolai Yegorovich Zhukovsky. It is the 1st establishment of its kind in the world, and becomes the most important aeronautical research centre in the Soviet Union.

1918 - Death of Remington Vernam, American WWI flying ace, from wounds received in action. -

1919 - Birth of Ioan Marinciu, Romanian WWII flying ace -

1919 - Birth of John Connell Freeborn , British WWII RAF pilot. He was not only an ace but also held the distinction of having flown more operational hours than any other RAF pilot during the Battle of Britain.

1920 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-34-Bis, French twin seat side by side biplane tourer/trainer built for the French Navy.

1920 - Birth of George Andrew Davis Jr., American fighter Ace during WWII and the Korean War.,_Jr. -

1921 - 1st flight of The US Navy dirigible (steerable airship) Goodyear C7.

1922 - Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke A.G , German aircraft manufacturing company, is formed at Warnemünde.

1925 - The sole Dobi-I, Lithuanian High wing monoplane and 1st airplane of Lithuanian design, built by Jurgis Dobkevicius, is damaged in accident beyond repair.

1931 - French René Lefèvre takes off from Paris with a Peyret-Mauboussin PM XI (two-seat high wing touring aircraft) for a 11000 Km flight to Tananarive, Madagascar. -

1932 - 1st flight of The Heinkel He 70 'Blitz', German low-wing single engine mail plane and fast passenger aircraft which setted some records.

1932 - 1st flight of The Bernard 200T, French high wing 4 seat light touring aircraft prototype.

1935 - 1st airway traffic control center is opened in Newark, N.J., operated by staff of Eastern Air Lines, United Air Lines, American Airlines and TWA.

1941 - Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.

1945 - 1st flight of The Republic RC-3 Seabee, American all-metal amphibious sports aircraft

1945 - Avro Canada Ltd was formed and took over the facilities of Victory Aircraft Ltd at Malton, Ontario.

1949 - 1st flight of The Tupolev Tu-80, Soviet 4 engine prototype for a longer-ranged version of the Tupolev Tu-4 bomber.

1951 - Birth of Aleksandr Panayotov 'Sasha' Aleksandrov, Bulgarian pilot and cosmonaut.

1960 - Launch of Korabl-Sputnik 3 (or Vostok-1K No.3, also known as Sputnik 6), Soviet spacecraft carrying two dogs; Pcholka and Mushka ("little bee" and "little fly"; affectionate diminutives of "pchela" and "mukha", respectively), a television camera and scientific instruments. -

1961 - Death of Richard Paul Rothe, German WWI flying ace -

1961 - Britannia Airways, British charter airline, is founded.

1967 - Birth of Konstantin Mirovich Kozeyev, Russian cosmonaut.

1967 - Birth of Terry W. Virts, Jr., USAF pilot and NASA astronaut.

1969 - 1st legislation to limit aircraft noise levels at airports is introduced in U.S. Federal Air Regulation, Part 36.

1970 - 1st flight of The Dassault Mystère/Falcon 10, French early business jet. -

1970 - Death of Ruth Bancroft Law, pioneer American aviatrix, 1st woman to loop the loop in an airplane and 1st woman to make a night flight. -

1974 – TWA Flight 514 Boeing 727-231 crashes on approach with high crosswinds northwest of Dulles International Airport killing all 92 people on board.

1974 – Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231 Boeing 727-251, chartered to pick up the Baltimore Colts football team, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport due to erroneous airspeed readings caused by atmospheric icing, killing 3.

1976 - 1st flight of The Ahrens AR 404, American high-wing monoplane powered by four turboprop engines civil transport aircraft prototype. In order to facilitate the loading and unloading of cargo, the fuselage was of constant rectangular section along almost its entire length, the main undercarriage was retracted into sponsons on the fuselage sides, and the tail included a loading ramp.

1977 - Death of Eugenio Casagrande, conte di Villaviera, Italian aviation pionneer.

1977 - 1st flight of Lockheed Have Blue, American stealth aircraft prototype that preceded the F-117 nighthawk.

1981 – Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 1308 McDonnell Douglas MD-81 crashes on Corsica's Mt. San Pietro near Ajaccio, killing all 180 people on board.

1984 - The Controlled Impact Demonstration (or colloquially the Crash In the Desert) Occurs. It was a joint project between NASA and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) aimed at acquiring data, as well as demonstrating and testing new technologies, with the intent of improving occupant crash survivability, by crashing a Boeing 720 aircraft.

1986 - Death of Ivan Trofimovich Yeremenko, Soviet Spanish war flying ace and WWII high ranking officer.

1988 - Death of Joseph Stewart Temple Fall Canadian WWI flying ace. -

1989 - Launch of The International Astrophysical Observatory "GRANAT", Soviet space observatory developed in collaboration with France, Denmark and Bulgaria.

1991 - STS-44, Space Shuttle Atlantis mission, is back on earth.

1993 - Northwest Airlink Flight 5719 Jetstream 31 crashed into two ridges just east of Hibbing, killing all 18

1995 - 1st flight of The Air Tractor AT-602, american agricultural aircraft of monoplane low-wing, taildragger configuration.

2001 - Border Guard Service of Russia Flight 9064 Ilyushin Il-76TD right wing caught fire at 29000 feet. On an attempt for an emergency landing, fire on the wing got worse. The plane ended up hitting trees, causing it to break apart as it crashed at Novaya Inya Russia, killing all 18.

2001 – Captain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-80, into St. Louis International Airport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA's purchase by American Airlines.

2005 - Death of Raynham George 'Ray' Hanna, New Zealand born pilot in the RAF and a number of civilian companies. During his time in the RAF he was a founding member of the Red Arrows. He also founded the Old Flying Machine Company and regularly flew aircraft from his vintage warbird collection at airshows around the world. -

2006 - Death of Iyozoh Fujita, Japanese WWII flying ace and post WWII airliner pilot, Famous for having shot down 10 planes on a single mission over Midway. -

2009 - Soyuz TMA-15, Russian manned spaceflight to the ISS, is back on earth.

2012 - 1st flight of the Dassault nEUROn, experimental Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) developed with international cooperation, led by the French company Dassault Aviation.