On This Day in Aviation History SEPTEMBER 22 nd

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1812 - Death of Francesco Zambeccari, Italian balloonist and aviation pioneer, from burns sustained the day before when his balloon caught fire.

1887 - Birth of Maurice Prévost, french aviation pionneer and air racer.

1894 - Birth of Louis Bennett, Jr., American WWI flying ace and balloon buster, hit by ground fire in his S.E.5a. -

1897 - Birth of John Stanley Chick, British WWI fighter ace, and RAF officer until the end of WWII. -

1898 - Birth of Francis John Williamson Mellersh, British WWI flying ace and senior RAF commander during WWII.

1899 - Birth of John Robert Moncrieff, New Zealander raid pilot.

1904 - Birth of Ellen Church, 1st female flight attendant in America.

1905 - Birth of Eugen Sänger, Austrian-German aerospace engineer best known for his contributions to lifting body and ramjet technology.

1909 - Death of Ferdinand Ferber, French Army artillery captain who played an important role in the development of aviation, killed in his voisin biplane when it ran into a ditch while taxying at speed.

1913 - French Louis Noel, flying The Grahame-White Type X Charabanc (or Aerobus) with 7 passengers aboard, set a new British record.

1914 - 1st British air attack on Germany takes place when four Sopwith Tabloid three-seater of No.1 Squadron RNAS are despatched to attack the Zeppelin sheds at Dusseldorf and Cologne

1915 - Birth of Carlo Emanuele Buscaglia, Famous Italian WWII pilot.

1917 – A Royal Naval Air Service Curtiss H-12 flying boat piloted by Flight Sub-Lieutenant N. Magor sinks the German submarine UB-32 in the North Sea. It is only time an aircraft sinks a German submarine during WWI.

1918 - Death of Joseph Joel "Joe" Hammond, New-Zealander raid pilot, WWI pilot and adventurer, in a crash after his aircraft spinned.

1918 - Australian flying aces Ross MacPherson "Hadji" Smith and his observer Ernest Andrew "Pard" Mustard, downed 3 Pfalz D.III and a Two-seater on a single mission with their Bristol F.2 Fighter. -

1920 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-20bis-5, French single seat biplane racer designed for the 1920 Gordon Bennet cup with the upper wing in gull configuration.

1928 - French Air force pilots Labaurie and Sahuc end a European tour with a Potez 25.23, French twin-seat, single-engine raid biplane.

1935 - 5th and last DH.88 Comet built crashed in sudan on a London-Cape record attempt. -

1936 - The Loire-Nieuport LN 161, french prototype single seat fighter, crashed, killing his pilot, Captain Coffinet. -

1936 - Death of Jorge Loring Martínez, Spanish engineer and aviation pioneer.

1938 - 1st flight of The Curtiss-Wright Model 21 (also known as Curtiss-Wright Model 21 Demonstrator, Curtiss-Wright CW-21 Interceptor, Curtiss-Wright CW-21 Demon), US-built interceptor fighter aircraft

1939 - Birth of Antonio Gallus, Italian Air force pilot, member of the Aerobatic team Frecce Tricolori.

1940 - 1st flight (Glide flight) of The Heinkel He 280, German fighter prototype, 1st turbojet-powered fighter aircraft in the world.

1943 - Death of Takeo Okumura, japanese Sino-Japanese war and WWII fighter ace, Killed in action in his A6M2 Zero while escorting bombers which were attacked by P-38s of 432 FS / 475 FG / 5 AF and P-40s of 35 FG / 5 AF.

1943 - Ernst Jachmann starts an endurance flight in his single-seat glider.

1947 - A USAF C54 Skymaster makes a fully-automatic flight from Stephenville in Newfoundland to the UK.

1947 - 1st flight of The Sikorsky XHJS-1 (S-53), American Naval utility helicopter prototype.

1949 - 1st flight of the Convair C-131 Samaritan, American military transport version of the Civilian twin engine airliner Convair CV-240.

1950 - 1st crossing of the Atlantic in a jet fighter, a EF-84E Thunderjet, is made by David C. Schilling, from RAF Manston in the United Kingdom to Maine in the United States, Using probe-and-drogue flight refuelling.

1956 - 1st tethered flight test in specially-built gantry of the SNECMA Atar Volant C.400, French turbojet engine produced by SNECMA.

1961 - 1st flight of The Mil Mi-2 (NATO Hoplite), Soviet small, lightly armored transport helicopter that could also provide close air support

1961 - 1st flight of the prototype de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo, Canadian STOL utility transport, based on an enlarged version of the DHC-4 Caribou powered by General Electric T64 turboprops.

1965 - Zond 5, unmanned version of Soyuz 7K-L1, Soviet manned moon-flyby spacecraft, 1st spacecraft to circle the Moon and return to land on Earth, splashed down in the Indian Ocean and was successfully recovered by the USSR.

1965 - Birth of Robert Lee "Bobby" Satcher, Jr., American physician, chemical engineer, and NASA astronaut, 1st orthopedic surgeon in space.

1966 - Ansett-ANA Flight 149 Vickers Viscount Type 832 crashed at Winton, Queensland after a mid-air fire caused the structural failure of the port wing. All 24 people on board were killed.

1967 - Death of Harald Quandt, German WWII pilot and industrialist, stepson of Joseph Goebbels, killed in the crash of his Beechcraft KingAir 90.

1981 - An Ilyushin Il-86 flown by Commander G Volokhov and Second Pilot A Tyuryumin set Fédération Aéronautique Internationale records for flying payloads of 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60 and 65 tonnes over a 2,000 km closed circuit at an average of 975.3 km per hour

1983 - 1st flight of the Reims-Cessna F406 Caravan II, twin turboprop aircraft manufactured and designed by Reims Aviation in cooperation with Cessna. -

1992 - 1st flight of the McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II Plus, Evolution of the second-generation vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) ground-attack aircraft, Anglo-American development of the British Hawker Siddeley Harrier.

1993 - A Transair Georgia Tupolev 154B aircraft flying from Tbilisi (and reportedly carrying Georgian soldiers) was shot down while attempting to land at the Sukhumi airport and crashed on the runway, killing 108 of the 132 people on board.

1993 - STS-51, Space Shuttle Discovery mission, is back on earth.

1995 – An E-3B Sentry AWACS crashes outside Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board are killed.

1995 - Sri Lankan Air Force bombed the Nagar Kovil Maha Vidyalayam school in Jaffna, resulting in the death of, by varying accounts, 34-71 Sri Lankan Tamil civilians, primarily schoolchildren and the injury of many more.

1996 - 1st flight of the Little Wing Roto-Pup LW-3, Evolution of the American autogyro ultralight kitbuilt. -

2000 - Death of Saburo Sakai, Japanese naval aviator and WWII fighter ace. -

2001 - 1st flight of the Groen Revcon 6G, American Utility autogyro prototype.

2002 - Death of James Jarrett Miller (also known as Fan Man), American parachutist and paraglider.

2003 – David Hempleman-Adams becomes the 1st person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.

2009 - Iran's only functional Airborne early warning and control (AWACS) aircraft, an Ilyushin Il-76MD is destroyed killing all 7. Sources conflict on the cause of the loss, with some stating that there was a mid-air collision with an Iranian Air Force Northrop F-5E Tiger II or a HESA Saeqeh, and others stating that the rotodome detached from the aircraft, striking and removing the tailplane while the aircraft was manoeuvreing for an emergency landing following an engine fire.

2013 - French Baptiste Salis commemorated the 1st crossing of the Mediterranean sea by Roland-Garros in 1913. He flew a Morane Saulnier Type G Replica from Frejus to Bizerte in 7hrs 44 min. -