On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 6 th

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1885 - Birth of Alfred Hubert Roy Fedden, British engineer who designed most of Bristol Engine Company's successful aircraft engines.


1886 - Birth of Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer and airplane constructor


1893 - Birth of André Robert Lévy, French WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andr%C3%A9_Robert_L%C3%A9vy - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/levy.php

1896 - Birth of Italo Balbo, Italian Blackshirt (Camicie Nere, or CCNN) leader who served as Italy's Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), Governor-General of Libya, Commander-in-Chief of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI), and the "heir apparent" to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. He builded the Italian Royal Air Force and took a leading role in popularizing aviation in Italy, and promoting Italian aviation to the world.


1896 - Birth of Henry William Allingham, British WWI pilot and Engineer, last surviving member of the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and last surviving founding member of the Royal Air Force (RAF).


1898 - Birth of William Harry Bland, British WWI flying ace

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Harry_Bland - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/bland.php

1903 - After several stationary stability trials, Ferdinand Ferber makes the 1st full trial of his glider No.6. It fails to take off in Nice, France.


1905 - French Gabriel Voisin successfully flies a glider equipped with floats towed into the air behind a motor boat (la rapiere) on the river Seine between the Billancourt and Sevres bridges, managing a flight of about 600 m (2,000 ft).



1905 - French Louis Seguin and his brother Laurent formed the Société Des Moteurs Gnome, (the Gnome motor company) to produce automobile engines and will soon start development of one of the 1st purpose-designed aircraft engines, combining several Gnome cylinders into a rotary engine.


1909 - Arthur Charles Hubert Latham won the Prix Ambroise Goupy for flying a straight-line course of six kilometers in 4 minutes, 13 seconds.


1910 - Robert Martinet wins the 1st cross-country air race, between Angers and Saumur, France (27 miles), in a Farman; he takes 31 minutes and 35 seconds


1912 - Clinton O. Hadley took off in the Christmas Red Bird III, early american biplane, to carry the 1st airmail from Long Island to Washington, D.C, a flight endurance record attempt. Airborne for 185 miles, the engine died and Hadley glided to a safe landing. Inspection of the plane revealed sabotage, and the post office cancelled its contract with Christmas.


1917 - Death of Paul Bona, German WWI flying ace, killed in action


1917 - Raymond "Collie" Collishaw, Canadian WWI fighter ace, scores 3 Albatross D.III with his sopwith triplane in a single mission.


1917 - 1st flight of The Sopwith T.1 'Cuckoo', British biplane torpedo bomber, 1st landplane specifically designed for carrier operations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sopwith_Cuckoo - http://flyingmachines.ru/Site2/Crafts/Craft25673.htm

1917 - Birth of Kerkor "Kirk" Kerkorian, Armenian-American president/CEO of Tracinda Corporation. During WWII he delivered Canadian built de Havilland Mosquitos over the north Atlantic to Scotland preferring the direct "Iceland Wave" route which blew the planes at jet-speed to Europe.


1918 - Death of John De Camborne Paynter, British WWI flying ace, from wounds suffered during a German bombing raid on his squadron's aerodrome.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Paynter_(aviator) - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/england/paynter.php

1918 - Death of Karl Albert Mendel, german WWI flying ace, killed in action

http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Mendel - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/mendel.php

1920 - Birth of Daniel Hugh Forbes Jr., pioneer of strategic photo-reconnaissance, WWII pilot and USAF test Pilot.


1924 - Death of Walter Kypke, German WWI flying ace, killed in an airplane crash.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Kypke - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/kypke.php

1925 - Birth of Fitzhugh L. "Fitz" Fulton Jr. civilian research pilot and NASA test pilot.


1925 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-61/4, re-engined version prototype of the french biplane fighter.

http://www.aviastar.org/air/france/bleriot_s-61.php - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9416

1927 - Death of Walter Hunt "Scruffy" Longton, British WWI flying ace and air racer, killed in a flying accident at Bournemouth, Dorset, England.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_H._Longton - http://theaerodrome.com/aces/england/longton.php

1927 - Clarence Duncan Chamberlin makes a record nonstop transatlantic flight from Roosevelt Field, Long Island (the airfield from which Lindbergh and Byrd took off) to Eisleben, Germany, a distance of 3,911 miles, in 42 hours and 31 minutes in the Wright-Bellanca WB-2 'Columbia' monoplane. Charles Albert Levine is the 1st Passenger of a transatlantic flight. It Ran out of fuel 43 miles from Berlin.


1927 - Canadian innovator Wallace Turnbull sells the parent of the variable-pitch propeller to Curtiss-Wright in the United States and Bristol in the United Kingdom


1930 - 1st flight of the SPAD S-91/3, French biplane aerobatic prototype aircraft, re-engined version of the 91 Fighter prototype.


1931 - Barker Field was opened at Toronto by Mrs. W.G. Barker and L/Col W.A. Bishop.


1932 - 1st flight of The Armstrong Whitworth AW.15 'Atalanta', British high-wing monoplane four-engine airliner.


1932 - Birth of David Randolph 'Dave' Scott, American engineer, test pilot, USAF officer, NASA astronaut and engineer.


1934 - 1st flight of the Salmson D-2 'Phrygane', production version of the D-1, French conventional aircraft, high-wing braced monoplane with fixed tailwheel undercarriage and a fully enclosed cabin.

http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=1157 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmson_Phrygane

1935 - 1st flight of The Fairey Fantôme, (also known as the Fairey Féroce) British biplane fighter prototype.


1936 - The Socony-Vacuum Oil Company at Paulsboro in New Jersey begins production of 100 octane aviation fuel.


1940 - Death of Maurice Arnoux, French WWI flying ace, raid pilot and air racer, killed in action in his Morane 406 while attacking 7 Messerschmitt Bf 109.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Arnoux - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/arnoux.php - http://www.cieldegloire.com/004_arnoux_m.php

1940 - Death of Theodor Quandt, German WWI fighter ace, Killed in action in his Messerschmitt Bf 109 during the Fall of France in the beginning of WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodor_Quandt - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/germany/quandt.php

1941 - Operation Rocket: 43 Hawker Hurricanes arrive to reinforce Malta, together with the personnel of No.46 Squadron.


1942 – Flying 112 sorties, carrier aircraft from Enterprise and Hornet sink the Japanese heavy cruiser Mikuma as she withdraws from the Midway area, bringing the Battle of Midway to an end. Three TBD Devastators participate; it is the last combat flight of the Devastator.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_cruiser_Mikuma#Battle_of_Midway - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_TBD_Devastator#Operational_history

1944 - Death of Goichi Sumino, Japanese WWII fighter ace, Killed by a P-38 over Meitkila, Burma.


1944 - D-Day, Operation Overlord. A 12,000-plane airborne assault preceded an amphibious assault involving almost 7,000 vessels. Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel.


1944 - Death of Paul Cornu, French engineer who manufactured bicycles by trade and who designed the world's 1st manned rotary wing aircraft and made the 1st piloted free flight. Killed in Lisieux -France, when his home was destroyed during the bombardment that accompanied the Normandy landings.


1944 - 1st flight of The Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning, American long-range twin engine 3 seat fighter prototype.


1944 - Alaska Airlines commences operations.


1946 - 1st flight of the SNCAC NC.3021 Belphegor, experimental aircraft intended for high-altitude researches.

http://www.aviastar.org/air/france/sncac_nc-3021.php - http://www.aviafrance.com/aviafrance1.php?ID=9485

1955 - Preserie Aérospatiale Alouette II SE 3130 flown by Jean Boulet set a new helicopter altitude record of 8,209 m (26,926 ft)


1955 - French pilot Jean Moine lands a Bell 47G2 helicopter on the summit of Mont Blanc at an altitude of 15,772 feet


1956 - Birth of Jay Clark Buckey, Jr., American physician, engineer and astronaut.


1960 - Death of August Haefeli, early Swiss aircraft designer.


1961 - Death of Walter Alister Kirk, Australian WWI flying ace who served with the RAAF in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Kirk - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/kirk.php

1964 - The historic aircraft collections of the Canadian War Museum, National Aviation Museum, and the Royal Canadian Air Force were displayed together for the 1st time at the Rockcliffe RCAF Station. The three collections together were designated the National Aeronautical Collection.


1966 - Gemini 9A (officially Gemini IX-A), NASA manned spaceflight is back on earth


1967 - 1st transcontinental carrier-to-carrier jet flight. From USS Bonhomme Richard in the Pacific to USS Saratoga in the Atlantic, 03h:28m, in a Vought F8U Crusader flown by USN Capt Robert Dose & LCdr Paul Miller.


1967 - Death of Edward Galen "Ed" Givens Jr, USAF officer fighter pilot and NASA astronaut.


1971 - Launch of Soyuz 11, 1st successful visit to the world's 1st space station, Salyut 1.


1971 - Death of Sergei Prokof’evich Denisov, Soviet flying ace during the Spanish war and WWII High ranking officer.


1971 – A midair collision between a Hughes Airwest Douglas DC-9 Flight 706 jetliner and a USMC McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II jet fighter near Duarte, California claims 50 lives.


1976 - Sabah Air GAF Nomad crashed in the sub-district of Sembulan in Kota Kinabalu upon approaching Kota Kinabalu International Airport killing all on board including the 1st Chief Minister of the state of Sabah in Malaysia along with several cabinet members.


1979 - Launch of Soyuz 34, Soviet unmanned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station to supply the resident crew a reliable return vehicle after the previous flight, Soyuz 33, suffered an engine failure.


1980 - 1st flight of the Aérospatiale C.22, unmanned target drone monoplane.


1980 - Death of Humphrey de Verd Leigh, British WWI pilot, WWII senior officer who developped the Leigh Light (abbreviated L/L) WWII era anti-submarine device used in the Second Battle of the Atlantic.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_de_Verd_Leigh - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leigh_light

1985 - Launch of Soyuz T-13, spaceflight mission transporting personnel to the Russian space station Salyut 7, 1st time a spacecraft had docked with a 'dead' space station, and the 1st time such a station had been returned to operational status following repairs.


1991 - Death of William Terry Badham, American WWI flying ace, who served as a brigadier general with the 8th Air Force in England and the Middle East in WWII.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._Badham - http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/badham.php

1992 - Copa Airlines flight 201 Boeing 737-204 Advanced flipped and crashed in the Darien Gap just minutes after its departure from Tocumen International Airport in Panama City killing all 47.


1994 - China Northwest Airlines Tu-154M Flight 2303 broke apart and crashed while flying between Xian and Guangzhou


1997 - Death of Jeffrey Ethell, American aviation author and pilot, killed when the restored P-38 Lightning he was flying crashed at Tillamook, Oregon, while preparing for an airshow to honor his father, one of the top P-38 aces of WWII

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeffrey_Ethell - http://jeffreyethell.com/homepage.htm

1999 - Test pilot Graham Wardell was killed when his BAE Systems Hawk 200 failed to pull out of a low turn and struck the ground at Milan Rastislav Stefanik airport airshow (Bratislava, Slovakia). A woman spectator was knocked off a nearby rooftop by the force of the explosion and died of her injuries.


1999 - STS-96, Space Shuttle Discovery mission to the ISS, 1st shuttle flight to dock with the ISS, is back on earth.


2002 - 1st flight of The 2nd HAL Tejas, Technology Demonstrators (TD-2), Indian lightweight multirole jet fighter.