On This Day in Aviation History NOVEMBER 16th

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1850 - Birth of Arthur Constantin Krebs, French officer, pioneer in automotive engineering and balloonist.

1892 - Birth of Jean François Jannekeyn, French WWI flying ace (observer/gunner), olympic athlet, politician and WWII high ranking officer. -

1895 - Birth of Alvaro Leonardi, Italian aviator and WWI fighter ace. -

1898 - Birth of Andrew King Cowper, Australian WWI flying ace who served the RAAF in WWII -

1898 - Birth of Charles Hill, British WWI flying ace (observer/gunner)

1906 - 1st flight of the Lebaudy 'Patrie', French semi-rigid airship.

1907 - 1st flight of the Blériot VII , early French monoplane. Louis Blériot makes a 500 m flight at 90 km/h (1,640 ft at 56 mph) .

1907 - 1st flight of the Santos-Dumont 'Demoiselle' N° 19, 1st Ultralight aircraft.

1909 - DELAG, (Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft or "German Airship Travel Corporation") world's 1st airline to use an aircraft/airship in revenue service, is formed.

1915 - The sole Mann & Grimmer M.1, British two-seat biplane fighter prototype, is wrecked in a crash-landing during an attempt on the British altitude record , caused by failure of the gearbox. -

1916 - The Nieuport & General Aircraft Co. Ltd. is formed to produce French Nieuport aircraft under licence.

1919 - Cpt Henry Wrigley and Lt Arthur Murphy takes off from Point Cook, Melbourne, for the 1st aerial crossing of Australia, flying a Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2e.

1920 - QANTAS, flag carrier of Australia, is formed at Longreach, Queensland.

1920 - Birth of Jean Boulet, French test pilot and helicopter record breaker.

1925 - Alan Cobham takes off in a De Havilland D.H.50J for a 25,749km flight from Croydon to Cape Town and back.

1928 - Western Canada Airways established the Prairie Air Mail Route, an experimental air mail service operated for 20 days.

1928 - 1st Antartic flight is made by Hubert Wilkins with a Fokker.

1935 - 1st flight of the Bloch MB-300 "Pacifique" (a.k.a. La Grosse Julie), French all-metal three-engine monoplane airliner prototype. -

1937 - Sabena OO-AUB Junkers Ju 52 hit a factory chimney while circling to land at Stene Airport, Belgium, killing all on board. The flight was bringing Hereditary Grand Duke Georg Donatus of Hesse and his family for a wedding. abd famous glider pilot and WWI pilot Arthur Martens. -

1937 - Flight Officer A.E. Clouston and Mrs Betty Kirby-Green lands in Cape town coming from london with the de havilland DH.88 comet 'The Burberry' after a 7091 miles flight in 45 hrs 6 min.

1946 - 1st flight of The Saab 90 Scandia, swedish twin-engined, short- to medium-haul passenger aircraft.

1947 - 1st flight of the MDG LD.26 'Midgy Club', French twin seat cabin biplane tourer.

1950 - Birth of Carl Joseph Meade, USAF test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1952 - A USAF Convair B-36H "Peacemaker" dropped 'Ivy King' as part of operation Ivy,largest pure fission nuclear bomb ever tested by the USA, over a point 2,000 feet (610 m) north of Runit Island in the Enewetak atoll, resulting in a 500 kiloton explosion at 1,480 feet (450 m). -

1953 - 1st trans-canada flight is made by a CF-100 Canuck aircraft from RCAF 445 Squadron.

1959 - 1st flight of The Canadair CL-44 (CC-106 yukon), Canadian turboprop airliner and cargo aircraft based on the Bristol Britannia.

1959 - National Airlines Flight 967 Douglas DC-7B disappeared over the Gulf of Mexico en route from Tampa, Florida to New Orleans, Louisiana. All 42 onboard were presumed killed in the accident.

1959 - Captain Joseph W. Kittinger Jr makes a balloon ascent, gaining an altitude of 23,285 metres (76,400 feet) in an open gondola. He parachutes to the ground, recording a free-fall of 19,505 metres (64,000 feet)

1965 - Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe toward Venus, that will be the 1st spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.

1969 - Death of Helmut Zborowski (Graf Helmut Philip Georg Alexander Rudo Zborowski), Austrian aviation and rocket engine designer.

1970 - 1st flight of The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as the L-1011 (pronounced "ell-ten-eleven") or TriStar, American medium-to-long range, widebody passenger trijet airliner.

1973 – NASA launches Skylab 4 with a crew of three astronauts from Cape Canaveral, Florida for an 84-day mission.

1979 - 1st flight of The PZL W-3 Sokól, Polish medium-size, twin-engine, multipurpose helicopter.

1982 - STS-5, Space shuttle Columbia is back on earth.

1984 - STS-51-A, Space Shuttle Discovery mission, 1st time a shuttle deployed 2 communications satellites, is back on earth with 2 other communications satellites retrieved from orbit.

1996 - Launch of Mars 96 (sometimes called Mars 8) , Soviet space probe to mars, which failed due to a failure of the launcher Proton.

1996 - 1st flight of The VisionAire VA-10 Vantage, American prototype single-engined light business-jet

2002 - Death of Carl Bode, German engineer and helicopter test pilot.

2002 - Kenneth Horatio Wallis, 89 years old, sets a speed record of 207.7 km/h (129.1 mph) for autogyro - and simultaneously set another world record as the oldest pilot to set a world record.

2004 - NASA's X-43, unmanned experimental hypersonic aircraft, sets a new speed record of 12,144 km/h (7,546 mph), or Mach 9.8.

2009 - Launch of STS-129, Space shuttle Atlantis mission to the ISS, 1st flight of an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier. -

2010 - Death of Jack M. Riley Jr., American pioneer in aviation and founder of RAM Aircraft, LP.