Earth at Perihelion and Aphelion: 2001 to 2100 (Fred Espenak) - http://www.astropixels.com/ephemeris/perap2001.html
Solstices, equnoxes, perihelions, aphelions - Weather Doctor's Diary - http://www.islandnet.com/~see/weather/almanac/seasondate.htm
Analemma Website http://www.analemma.com
Folklore on Aurora
Jan Curtis' page GREAT aurora photography!
Solar Storms and You: Middle school Activities include: Solar Activity Cycles, The Solar Wind, Magnetic Storms, Auroras and Ionosphere, Impacts of Solar Activity on Humans
Space Environment Center http://www.sec.noaa.gov/
Aurora Videotapes from Geophysical Institute, Aurora Color Television Project, University of Alaska, 903 Koyukuk Dr., P.O. Box 757320, Fairbanks, Alaska 9975-7320; contact Sheila Finch firstname.lastname@example.org
Yohkoh Public Outreach Project (YPOP) http://solar.physics.montana.edu/YPOP/ mirrored at http://www.lmsal.com/YPOP/ -- contains more than 100 pages of vibrant images with current information and focuses on recent movies of the X-ray output of our Sun taken by the Yohkoh Satellite. The YPOP Movie Theater features today's images, electronic flip-books, educational activities, and the capability to make your own on-line movies of the Sun.
Australian Ionospheric Prediction Service http://www.ips.gov.au
Carlowicz, Michael and Lopez, Ramon, Storms from the Sun: The Emerging Science of Space Weather, a popular science story about the mysterious effects the Sun can have on Earth and on the technologies that we treasure. © 2002, The Joseph Henry Press. http://mysite.verizon.net/mikewicz/
Hill, Steele and Carlowicz, Michael, The Sun, a photographic journey to our nearest star...from our ancient, sun-worshipping past to our star-hopping future. © 2006, Harry N Abrams Books. http://mysite.verizon.net/mikewicz/
Cluster -- a fleet of 4 spacecraft that explore the magnetic fields that surround our Earth. http://sci.esa.int/cluster/
The 2017 Total Solar Eclipse
Eclipse Countdown and info site - http://www.eclipsecountdown.com - If your GPS is enabled & you allow the web site to know your location, it will tell you the %/magnitude of eclipse at your exact location and the timings of the event, in addition to a countdown clock till the eclipse and will adjust to various eclipse events during it.
Path of the 2017 eclipse (NASA-Google Map) - https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/eclipse-maps
AAS eclipse site - https://eclipse.aas.org/
Climatology and weather for celestial events -Eclipsophile (by Jay Anderson and Jennifer West) - http://eclipsophile.com/
NSTA-Insert for Solar Science (NSTA publication by Dennis Schatz and Andrew Fraknoi) - 8 page booklet free
www.nsta.org/solarscience ; http://www.nsta.org/publications/press/extras/files/solarscience/SolarScienceInsert.pdf (hard copy book available at (http://www.nsta.org/store/product_detail.aspx?id=10.2505/9781941316078)
Youtube video: Fred Espenak - Great American Eclipse of 2017 - NEAF Talks (Northeast Astronomy Forum) - Rockland Astronomy Club - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4KnxE6yAuI
NASA eclipse page - http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html
Eclipse Tales from Around the World - http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/explore/eclipse/
Filters, Viewers, "glasses" - list of reputable sources (AAS) - https://eclipse.aas.org/resources/solar-filters
General Relativity Proof - https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/31/science/eclipse-einstein-general-relativity.htm
Google Earth overlays for solar eclipses - http://xjubier.free.fr/en/site_pages/SolarEclipsesGoogleEarth.html
Historical photos of eclipse watchers - http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/century-eclipse-watching-photos
History of eclipses in North America - http://www.greatamericaneclipse.com/20th-century/
Ian Cameron Smith's Eclipse Search Engine
New York Times - How to watch a solar eclipse - https://www.nytimes.com/guides/science/how-to-watch-a-solar-eclipse
Satellite views of solar eclipse shadow sweeping across the Earth
Solar Eclipse as seen by Meteosat-8, March 29, 2006 http://www.satsignal.eu/wxsat/eclipse-2006.htm
Wendy Carlos Total Solar Eclipse Page -- A serious eclipse chaser and photographer since the 60's. Also makes maps. One of her maps is a hole through the earth map. Shows where you would come up if you dug a hole straight through. Interesting. http://www.wendycarlos.com/eclip
Filters -- Solar Filters -
Frank, Adam, Probing the Birth of Starlight, Astronomy Magazine, Sept 2001, p. 38. By discovering how stars shine, Hans Bethe became a 20th century luminary.
High Altitude Observatory (HAO), http://www.hao.ucar.edu/ -- dedicated to the study of the Sun and of the response of the Earth's upper atmosphere to the Sun's output. National Science Foundation sponsored laboratory, a division of the National Center for Atmospheric Research
http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/ also http://pluto.space.swri.edu/IMAGE/ -- The Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) mission is the first satellite mission dedicated to imaging the Earth's magnetosphere, the region of space controlled by the Earth's magnetic field and containing extremely tenuous plasmas of both solar and terrestrial origin.
May 09, 2002 - EARTH'S SPACE STORM SHIELD OFFERS PROTECTION AT A PRICE -- New observations from a NASA spacecraft reveal that a layer in the Earth's outer atmosphere acts like a heat shield by absorbing energy from space storms, which reduces their ability to heat the lower atmosphere.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL): http://www.jpl.nasa.gov
Living With A Star http://lws.gsfc.nasa.gov/
Ozone--The POLARIS mission http://cloud1.arc.nasa.gov/polaris -- seeking to understand the fundamental chemistry that dominates the naturally occuring seasonal reduction of ozone over the pole in the course of the Arctic summer. Part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth, a long-term, internationally coordinated research effort to study the Earth as a global environmental system.
POLAR mission http://www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/istp/polar/ -- has "sounds" of the magnetosphere.
Safe Solar Viewing
SOHO (Solar & Heliospheric Observatory) - http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/.
Big Bear http://www.bbso.njit.edu
Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network http://bison.ph.bham.ac.uk
Mt. Wilson Observatory 150-ft Solar Tower http://www.astro.ucla.edu/~obs/intro.html
National Solar Observatory http://www.nso.edu
Sacramento Peak http://nsosp.nso.edu/
Solar Data Analysis Center http://umbra.nascom.nasa.gov/sdac.html at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland USA--Center for various missions focused on the Sun
Solar Filters http://www.astro-physics.com/ Baader AstroSolar
SOLAR MUSIC - HELIOSEISMOLOGY Copyright 1996 National Optical Astronomy Observatories
Solscape -- http://www.stimpsoft.com/products/solscape.html -- a "Solar Data Browser" Mac application that grabs real time, up to the minute images of the Sun in multiple light wavelengths. Solscape also monitors current solar flare, geomagnetic, and Aurora activity, providing current Aurora Borealis information and warnings for your location, along with real time Aurora images when available. Solscape gets all of its information via the Internet and compiles it in a single, easy to use application. You can save and archive the data that Solscape collects for later use, and you can tell Solscape to automatically grab the data when you want.
Space Environment Center http://www.sec.noaa.gov/
Space Environment Primer http://sec.noaa.gov/primer/primer.html -- NOAA
Website about the human impacts of space weather and solar storms. It deals at length with all of the many impacts that space weather has, with full documentation for the claims, and upcoming resources on current research. http://www.solarstorms.org and http://www.spaceweather.us.
SOHO website - http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/ - Sunspots shown with scale Earth and Jupiter; Space Weather link also.
Space Weather Scales http://www.sec.noaa.gov/NOAAscales/index.html -- communicate to the general public the current and future space weather conditions and their possible effects on people and systems. The scales have numbered levels, analogous to hurricanes, tornadoes, and earthquakes that convey severity, and describe the environmental disturbances for three event types: geomagnetic storms, solar radiation storms, and radio blackouts .
Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) http://www.srl.caltech.edu/ACE/ - to measure and compare the composition of several samples of matter, including the solar corona, the solar wind, and other interplanetary particle populations, the local interstellar medium (ISM), and galactic matter.
Hinode (Sunrise) http://solarb.msfc.nasa.gov/ is a project to study the Sun, led by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in collaboration with NASA, the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC), and the European Space Agency (ESA). Hinode's three year mission is to explore the magnetic fields of the Sun, and improve our understanding of the mechanisms that power the solar atmosphere and drive solar eruptions.
RHESSI http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/hessi/ - to understand the following processes that take place in the magnetized plasmas of the solar atmosphere during a flare: Impulsive energy release, Particle acceleration, Particle and energy transport. High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (HESSI).
Solar and Heliospheric Observatory http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/
Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/ is designed to help us understand the Sun's influence on Earth and Near-Earth space by studying the solar atmosphere on small scales of space and time and in many wavelengths simultaneously.
STEREO http://stereo.gsfc.nasa.gov/ consists of two space-based observatories - one ahead of Earth in its orbit, the other trailing behind. With this new pair of viewpoints, scientist will be able to see the structure and evolution of solar storms as they blast from the Sun and move out through space.
Stanford Solar Center http://solar-center.stanford.edu/
Student Nitric Oxide Explorer (SNOE) http://lasp.colorado.edu/snoe/ ("snowy") is a small scientific satellite that will investigate the effects of energy from the sun and from the magnetosphere on the density of nitric oxide in the Earth's upper atmosphere.
Sun Dial Primer http://www.mysundial.ca/tsp/tsp_index.html
TOPEX-Posiedon: http://www.jpl.nasa.govftp site: jplinfo.jpl.nasa.gov
Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) - https://science.nasa.gov/missions/trace
Press release: FOUNTAINS OF FIRE ILLUMINATE SOLAR MYSTERY
May 15, 2002 - HYPERVELOCITY WINDS RAGE IN THE SUN'S ATMOSPHERE -- Winds of electrified gas rip through the solar atmosphere at nearly the speed of sound there, according to new observations from NASA's Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) spacecraft and the European Space Agency/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft.
X-ray Timing Explorer (XTE) (Goddard Space Flight Center)
Yohkoh Public Outreach Project (YPOP) contains more than 100 pages of vibrant images with current information and focuses on recent movies of the X-ray output of our Sun taken by the Yohkoh Satellite. The YPOP Movie Theater features today's images, electronic flip-books, educational activities, and the capability to make your own on-line movies of the Sun.
Stardust--Project Stardust http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/ Comet sample return mission.