This website is dedicated to a scholarly study of the Illuminati of Bavaria, with a focus on their role in the French Revolutions of 1789 and 1792. My thesis is the Illuminati of France were centered in 1789 upon Mirabeau, Bonneville & Savalette de Langes. These men with numerous allies successfully engineered the Revolution of 1789.

Their group later evolved into the Cercle Social organization founded by Bonneville -- a secret lodge and publishing house. They were libertarian communists.

The Cercle Social took dominant national power when Brissot, a leading member, rose to power in March 1792.

Incidentally, Brissot was also one of the nine Illuminati of France which Bavaria in 1791 disclosed to Austria in a confidential diplomatic dispatch. It was based upon names taken from Weishaupt's correspondence. This dispatch was discovered by an independent scholar on Austrian history in 1869. He relayed it in an obscure scholarly treatise. See Appendix E Lehrbach Illuminaten Liste at page 237 of my book Illuminati Manifesto of World Revolution.

When in May 1792 the king sacked the Brissotin ministers of state, the Brissotins engineered the overthrow of the Monarchy on August 10, 1792.

Thus, the Illuminati were responsible for both the Revolution of 1789 and the one of 1792.

Then Robespierre became the enemy of the Brissotins, and their cosmopolitan libertarianism. In early 1793, Robespierre conspired with the Commune (mayor's office) to destroy them, smearing the Brissotins as the Girondin party (a total fiction).

In the revolution of May 31-June 2, 1793, Robespierre usurped the left seating position of the Brissotins in the legislature by forcibly arresting them in their seats. In doing so, Robespierre's allies now seated themselves on the left where the Brissotins had been, but this time with an opposite agenda. The Robespierrists had an anti-libertarian dictatorial agenda which aimed to give the state direct control over the economy as a deliberate means to strengthen a dictatorship.

Robespierrists held theories that the Cercle Social in 1793 openly regarded as the antithesis of their liberal theories, bringing to naught all the progress of the Revolutions of 1789 and 1792. Pamphlets from the Cercle Social during 1793 such as Bancal's On Subsistances amply demonstrate their opposition to statist control over the economy as injurious to liberty, historically right-wing and monarchical, as well as bad government. Bancal's book and other Cercle Social works are available in the Rare Book section of this site.

Whether the Illuminati survived depends on tracing their role in the French Revolutions of 1789 and 1792, and whether they lived and prospered beyond the persecution by Robespierre during 1793-94. Many of them were executed or killed in prison during the Terror including Brissot, Fauchet, and Condorcet. Primarily only Bonneville and Paine from the French branch survived.

Adam Weishaupt, law professor who founded Illuminatenordens in Bavaria in 1776.

What is for certain is that the exposures by Barruel and Robison in 1798-1799 sealed the Illuminati's fate to live on mostly in these anti-Illuminati works.

The Best Exposure on the Illuminati of Bavaria yet!

Released in October 2011 --and revised in February 2014 -- is our Illuminati Manifesto of World Revolution which details the Bavarian Illuminati's role in the French Revolutions of 1789 and 1792. The work includes a translation of Bonneville's Esprit des Religions. This was a 1792 work outlining the goals of the World Revolution planned by the Illuminati. Nicolas Bonneville was the leader of the French branch of the Bavarian Illuminati at Paris. You can purchase the print version of this ground breaking and scholarly work at this link at Amazon. You can also buy the Kindle version for just $9.99 at this Amazon link. For more information, please go to our webpage "My New Book."

Next up will be "Cagliostro and the Illuminati of Bavaria."

Marco Di Luchetti, Esq. (Bologna, Italy).

You can contact me at