Fungi

This page wil be further developed a time permits.

Current information about mushrooms, toadstools and other fungi depends largely on the results of late autumn guided walks around the reserve looking for fungi, which are often abundant at this time of year.

On 28th October 2006 there was a good turn out from The Friends of Holtspur Bank for the Fungal Foray led by Chris Ryde in his capacity as (at that time)

a Ranger for Wycombe District Council. The weather was fine but had previously been wet, so conditions looked promising. The wooded area of the nature reserve had been described by some as not being of much interest fungi-wise, as little had been seen there previously. After a previous recce of the site it seemed that there might be fewer species than at some of the local fungi hot spots- such as Marlow Common. Closer inspection suggested that Fungal Foray participants would be quite surprised by the number of species found on the day.

 As the morning got going the children in the party were particularly good at foraging in the undergrowth to present me with yet another species exclaiming “What’s this one’s name?” Eventually 31 species of fungi were collected and identified. These included: the field mushroom (Agaricus campestris) edible; Jew’s or jelly ear (Auricularia auricular-judae) also edible; beefsteak (Fistulina hepatica) – edible; death cap (Amanita phalloides) – deadly poisonous; common ink cap (Coprinus atramentarius); white spindles (Clavaria vermicularis) and a wax cap (Hydrocybe persistens). These last two species (pictured) are good indicators of unimproved grassland and as such are now much less common than they were.

It seems that fungi are

rarely mentioned when the conservation of chalk grassland is talked about. Thought for the day perhaps?
Everyone appeared to enjoy the morning, especially when, said Chris “With my limited knowledge, I struggled to identify some species!”

LEFT - White spindles (Clavaria vermicularis)

The full list of fungi found on the foray is shown in the species check list page when completed..

 Please remember that some wild fungi are delicious to eat but that some can make you ill, or even kill you if eaten. Unless you are absolutely sure about the species of fungus in question do not eat it and better still do not handle it. If you have handled unknown fungi then you should keep your hands away from you mouth and wash your hands as soon as possible.



Site Summary of Fungi for Holtspur Bank Local Nature Reserve 2012 - 2017 from Penny Cullington

Reporting name

English name(s)

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Basidiomycetes








Agaricus phaeolepidotus


1






Agaricus silvaticus



1





Agaricus silvicola

Wood Mushroom

1




1


Agaricus xanthodermus



1





Amanita citrina

False Death Cap





1


Amanita phalloides

Deathcap





1


Armillaria gallica



1


1



Armillaria mellea

Honey Fungus

1





1

Auricularia auricula-judae

Jelly Ear

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bjerkandera adusta




1

1



Boletus cisalpinus







1

Calocybe constricta




1




Chlorophyllum rhacodes

Shaggy Parasol (*)





1

1

Clitocybe gibba



1





Clitocybe nebularis

Clouded Funnel


1




1

Clitocybe odora

Aniseed Funnel





1


Clitocybe phaeophthalma

Chicken Run Funnel



1


1

1

Collybia butyracea

Butter Cap

1

1


1

1

1

Collybia confluens

Clustered Toughshank


1



1


Collybia dryophila

Russet Toughshank

1





1

Collybia erythropus



1





Collybia fusipes





1



Collybia peronata

Wood Woollyfoot




1


1

Conocybe arrhenii

Ringed Conecap

1





1

Conocybe vestita






1


Coprinellus impatiens








Coprinellus micaceus

Glistening Inkcap (*)

1

1




1

Coprinopsis pseudonivea





1



Crepidotus cesatii







1

Crepidotus mollis





1



Crepidotus variabilis



1





Cystolepiota seminuda

Bearded Dapperling (*)






1

Dacrymyces stillatus

Common Jellyspot



1



1

Daedaleopsis confragosa

Blushing Bracket

1

1

1


1


Dendrothele acerina




1




Entoloma hebes


1






Fistulina hepatica


1






Ganoderma australe

Southern Bracket





1

1

Hebeloma aestivale



1

1




Hebeloma crustuliniforme

Poisonpie





1


Hebeloma fragilipes







1

Hemimycena cucullata





1



Hemimycena tortuosa


1






Hygrocybe persistens





1



Hymenochaete corrugata




1




Hyphodontia sambuci



1

1

1



Hypholoma fasciculare

Sulphur Tuft

1

1


1

1


Inocybe appendiculata






1


Inocybe geophylla



1





Inocybe haemacta






1


Inocybe hirtella



1





Inocybe hirtella var. bispora





1



Inocybe tenebrosa






1


Laccaria amethystina

Amethyst Deceiver


1


1

1

1

Laccaria laccata

Deceiver

1



1

1


Lactarius quietus

Oakbug Milkcap


1



1


Lactarius subdulcis

Mild Milkcap





1


Laetiporus sulphureus


1






Lepiota aspera

Freckled Dapperling





1


Lepiota cristata



1





Lepista flaccida

Tawny Funnel






1

Leucoagaricus sericifer



1





Lycoperdon perlatum


1



1



Lycoperdon pyriforme


1

1





Marasmius rotula

Collared Parachute



1



1

Marasmius wynnei


1

1





Melanoleuca cognata

Spring Cavalier





1


Melanoleuca polioleuca

Common Cavalier




1


1

Mutinus caninus

Dog Stinkhorn






1

Mycena adscendens





1



Mycena arcangeliana

Angel's Bonnet

1

1


1

1

1

Mycena crocata

Saffrondrop Bonnet

1

1


1

1

1

Mycena filopes


1


1




Mycena flavoalba


1






Mycena galericulata

Common Bonnet / Bonnet Mycena

1

1


1

1

1

Mycena galopus

Milking Bonnet

1

1

1

1


1

Mycena galopus var candida


1






Mycena haematopus

Burgundydrop Bonnet

1





1

Mycena inclinata



1





Mycena pelianthina

Blackedge Bonnet


1



1

1

Mycena rosea

Rosy Bonnet

1




1

1

Mycena speirea

Bark Bonnet






1

Mycena stylobates


1






Mycena vitilis


1



1



Mycoacia nothofagi






1


Oudemansiella mucida

Porcelain Fungus





1


Parasola auricoma







1

Parasola misera





1



Paxillus involutus

Brown Rollrim





1


Phellinus ferreus


1






Phellinus pomaceus



1





Piptoporus betulinus

Birch Polypore / Razorstrop Fungus


1




1

Pluteus cervinus


1

1





Pluteus chrysophaeus


1






Pluteus phlebophorus


1






Pluteus salicinus


1






Polyporus leptocephalus





1



Postia tephroleuca



1





Psathyrella candolleana





1



Psathyrella conopilus

Conical Brittlestem





1

1

Psathyrella corrugis





1



Rhodotus palmatus

Wrinkled Peach





1


Ripartites tricholoma

Bearded Seamine





1


Russula ochroleuca

Ochre Brittlegill / Common Yellow Russula

1




1


Schizopora paradoxa


1


1

1



Scleroderma areolatum

Leopard Earthball






1

Scleroderma citrinum

Common Earthball

1


1


1

1

Scleroderma verrucosum

Scaly Earthball



1



1

Skeletocutis nivea



1

1

1



Stereum gausapatum

Bleeding Oak Crust






1

Stereum hirsutum

Hairy Curtain Crust

1

1

1

1

1


Stropharia caerulea


1






Stropharia inuncta


1






Tephrocybe anthracophila


1






Trametes versicolor

Turkeytail


1



1

1

Tremella mesenterica


1


1




Tricholoma lascivum

Aromatic Knight





1

1

Tricholoma terreum

Grey Knight






1

Tubaria furfuracea


1

1


1

1

1

Xerula radicata

Rooting Shank

1

1


1

1

1


Reporting name








Ascomycetes








Biscogniauxia nummularia


1

1

1

1



Daldinia concentrica

King Alfred's Cakes / Cramp Balls

1

1



1


Diatrype disciformis



1

1




Diatrype stigma

Common Tarcrust




1

1


Diatrypella quercina




1




Hypomyces aurantius






1


Hypomyces chrysospermus

Bolete Mould





1


Hypoxylon fragiforme

Beech Woodwart

1


1


1

1

Hypoxylon fuscum

Hazel Woodwart

1

1

1

1

1


Hypoxylon petriniae




1




Nectria cinnabarina


1

1

1

1



Phacidium multivalve



1

1

1

1

1

Rhopographus filicinus



1

1


1


Rhytisma acerinum

Sycamore Tarspot

1

1

1

1

1


Trochila ilicina

Holly Speckle


1


1

1

1

Xylaria hypoxylon

Candlesnuff Fungus

1

1


1

1



Note: The following summary figures are based on Current Names


2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Total fungi

51

48

29

40

52

44

Total new fungi

51

27

10

15

22

11

RUNNING TOTAL

51

78

88

103

125

136