Belief Formation & Biases in Beliefs

I'm trying to keep an up-to-date list of the most recent papers on beliefs, with a link to the open source pdf when possible.

If you see a paper missing from this list, please email it to me at

Note: The title of a paper published version may differ from the title of its most recent open access version.


Amelio, A. (2022). Cognitive Uncertainty and Overconfidence.

Aoyagi, M., Fréchette, G. R., & Yuksel, S. (2022). Beliefs in repeated games.

Barron, K., Becker, A., and Huck, S. (2022). Motivated Political Reasoning: The Emergence of Belief-Value Constellations.

Barron, K., Ditlmann, R., Gehrig, S., & Schweighofer-Kodritsch, S. (2022). Explicit and implicit belief-based gender discrimination: A hiring experiment.

Barron, K. and Fries, T. (2022) Narrative Persuasion. NEW!

Briscese, G., Grignani, M., & Stapleton, S. (2022). Living and perceiving a crisis: how the pandemic influenced Americans' preferences and beliefs.

Canen, N., & Chakraborty, A. (2022). Choosing The Best Incentives for Belief Elicitation with an Application to Political Protests. NEW!

Chopra, F., Haaland, I., & Roth, C. (2022). The Demand for News: Accuracy Concerns Versus Belief Confirmation Motives.

Conlon, J., Mani, M., Rao, G., Ridley, M., & Schilbach, F. (2022). Not Learning from Others.

Danz, D., Vesterlund, L., & Wilson, A. (2022). Belief Elicitation and Behavioral Incentive Compatibility. American Economic Review.

Denti, T. (2022). Posterior Separable Cost of Information. American Economic Review, 112(10):3215-59.

Dickinson, D. L. (2022). Political ideology, mood response, and the confirmation bias.

Drobner, C. (2022). Motivated beliefs and anticipation of uncertainty resolution. American Economic Review: Insights, 4(1), 89-105.

Eble, A., & Hu, F. (2022). Gendered beliefs about mathematics ability transmit across generations through children’s peers. Nature Human Behavior.

Erkal, N., Gangadharan, L., & Koh, B. H. (2022). Do women receive less blame than men? Attribution of outcomes in a prosocial setting. NEW!

Exley, C. L., Hauser, O. P., Moore, M., & Pezzuto, J. H. (2022). Beliefs about gender differences in social preferences.

Exley, C., & Nielsen, K. (2022). The Gender Gap in Confidence: Expected But Not Accounted For.

Epperson, R. (2022). Do Beliefs about Lobbying Affect Pro-environmental Behavior? Experimental Evidence.

Fehr, D., & Vollmann, M. (2022). Misperceiving economic success: Experimental evidence on meritocratic beliefs and inequality acceptance.

Friedman, E., & Ward, J. (2022). Stochastic Choice and Noisy Beliefs in Games: an Experiment.

Fuster, A., & Zafar, B. (2022). Survey Experiments on Economic Expectations.

Gangadharan, L., Grossman, P. J., & Xue, N. (2022). Identifying self-image concerns from motivated beliefs: Does it matter how and whom you ask.

Gill, D., & Rosokha, Y. (2022). Beliefs, learning, and personality in the indefinitely repeated prisoner's dilemma.

Golman, R. (2022). Acceptable discourse: Social norms of beliefs and opinions.

González-Jiménez, V. (2022). Social status and motivated beliefs. Journal of Public Economics, 211, 104662.

Graeber, T., Roth, C., & Zimmermann, F. (2022). Stories, Statistics, and Memory. NEW!

Hagenbach, J., & Saucet, C. (2022). Motivated Skepticism. NEW!

Hajdu, Gergely and Krusper, Balázs (2022). How Does Choice Affect Beliefs?

Harrison, G. W., Hofmeyr, A., Kincaid, H., Monroe, B., Ross, D., Schneider, M., & Swarthout, J. T. (2022). Subjective beliefs and economic preferences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Experimental economics, 1-29.

Huffman, D., Collin R. & Shvets, J. (2022). Persistent Overconfidence and Biased Memory: Evidence from Managers. American Economic Review, 112(10):3141-75. NEW!

Jäger, S., Roth, C., Roussille, N., & Schoefer, B. (2022). Worker beliefs about outside options.

Kartal, M., & Tyran, J. R. (2022). Fake News, Voter Overconfidence, and the Quality of Democratic Choice. American Economic Review, 112(10):3367-97.

Little, A. T., Brundage, M., & You, S. S. (2022). Selection Neglect and Political Beliefs.

Lustenhouwer, J., & Salle, I. (2022). Forecast revisions in the presence of news: a lab investigation.

Momsen, K., & Schneider, S. O. (2022). Motivated Reasoning, Information Avoidance, and Default Bias.

Müller, L. M., Harrs, S., & Rockenbach, B. (2022). How Narratives Impact Financial Behavior-Experimental Evidence from the COVID-19 Pandemic. NEW!

Schwardmann, P., Tripodi, E., & van der Weele, J. (2022). Self-Persuasion: Evidence from Field Experiments at Two International Debating Competitions. American Economics Review. (forthecoming).

Tsakas, E. (2022). Belief identification with state-dependent utilities.

Zappalà, G. (2022). Drought exposure and accuracy: Motivated reasoning in climate change beliefs.


Ahrens, S., Bosch-Rosa, C., & Kassner, B. (2021). Overconfidence and the Political and Financial Behavior of a Representative Sample.

Baeriswyl, R., My, K. B., & Cornand, C. (2021). Double overreaction in beauty contests with information acquisition: Theory and experiment. Journal of Monetary Economics, 118, 432-445.

Bago, B., Rand, D. W., & Pennycook, G. (2021). Reasoning about climate change.

Bago, B., Rosenzweig, L., Berinsky, A., & Rand, D. W. (2021). Emotion may predict susceptibility to fake news but emotion regulation does not help.

Bandiera, O., Parekh, N., Petrongolo, B. & Rao, M. (2021). Men are from Mars, and women too: A bayesian meta-analysis of overconfidence experiments.

Boneva, T., Buser, T., Falk, A., & Kosse, F. (2021). The Origins of Gender Differences in Competitiveness and Earnings Expectations: Causal Evidence from a Mentoring Intervention.

Barron, K. (2021). Belief updating: does the ‘good-news, bad-news’ asymmetry extend to purely financial domains?. Experimental Economics, 1-28.

Boneva, T., Kaufmann, K., & Rauh, C. (2021). Maternal labor supply: Perceived returns, constraints, and social norms.

Bosch-Rosa, C., Gietl, D., & Heinemann, F. (2019). Risk-taking under limited liability: Quantifying the role of motivated beliefs.

Bruner, D., Cox, C., McEvoy, D. M., & Stoddard, B. (2021). Strategic thinking in contests. Experimental Economics, 1-32. NEW!

Bui, D., Hayo, B., Nghiem, G., & Dräger, L. (2021). Consumer Sentiment during the Covid-19 Pandemic: The Role of Others' Beliefs.

Burfurd, I., & Wilkening, T. (2021). Cognitive heterogeneity and complex belief elicitation. Experimental economics, 1-36.

Cheng, J. T., Anderson, C., Tenney, E. R., Brion, S., Moore, D. A., & Logg, J. M. (2021). The social transmission of overconfidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 150(1), 157. NEW!

Coffman, K. B., Araya, P. U., & Zafar, B. (2021). A (Dynamic) Investigation of Stereotypes, Belief-Updating, and Behavior.

Coltheart, M., & Davies, M. (2021). How unexpected observations lead to new beliefs: A Peircean pathway. Consciousness and Cognition, 87, 103037.

Cookson, J. A., Engelberg, J., & Mullins, W. (2021). Echo chambers.

Drobner, C., & Goerg, S. J. (2021). Motivated belief updating and rationalization of information.

Epperson, R., & Gerster, A. (2021). Information Avoidance and Moral Behavior: Experimental Evidence from Food Choices.

Erkal, N., Gangadharan, L., & Koh, B. H. (2021). Gender biases and performance evaluation: Do outcomes matter more than intentions?

Faia, E., Fuster, A., Pezone, V., & Zafar, B. (2021). Biases in Information Selection and Processing: Survey Evidence from the Pandemic.

Foerster, M., & van der Weele, J. J. (2021). Casting doubt: Image concerns and the communication of social impact. The Economic Journal.

Friedman, E. (2021). Stochastic Equilibria: Noise in Actions or Beliefs? American Economic Journal: Microeconomics. (forthcoming).

Furtado, D., Papps, K. L., & Theodoropoulos, N. (2021). Who Goes on Disability when Times are Tough? The Role of Work Norms among Immigrants. European Economic Review, 103983.

Gangadharan, L., Grossman, P. J., & Xue, N. (2021). Identifying self-image concerns from motivated beliefs: Does it matter how and whom you ask?

Gavrilets, S. (2021). Coevolution of actions, personal norms, and beliefs about others in social dilemmas.

Goeree, J. K., & Louis, P. (2021). M Equilibrium: A theory of beliefs and choices in games. American Economic Review.

Guarino, P., & Tsakas, E. (2021). Common priors under endogenous uncertainty. Journal of Economic Theory, 194, 105254.

Hirshleifer, D., Lourie, B., Ruchti, T. G., & Truong, P. (2021). First Impression Bias: Evidence from Analyst Forecasts. Review of Finance, 25(2), 325-364.

Hirshleifer, D., & Plotkin, J. B. (2021). Moonshots, investment booms, and selection bias in the transmission of cultural traits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(26).

Huang, W., Wang, Y., & Zhao, X. (2021). Motivated Beliefs, Independence and Cooperation.

Islam, M. (2021). Motivated Risk Assessments.

Jakobsen, A. M. (2021). Coarse Bayesian Updating.

Kishishita, D., Yamagishi, A., & Matsumoto, T. (2021). Overconfidence, Income-Ability Gap, and Preferences for Income Equality.

Laudenbach, C., Weber, A., & Wohlfart, J. (2021). Beliefs About the Stock Market and Investment Choices: Evidence from a Field Experiment.

Masatlioglu, Y., Orhun, A. Y., & Raymond, C. (2021). Intrinsic information preferences and skewness.

Molnar, A., Chaudhry, S., & Loewenstein, G. (2021). 'It's Not About the Money. It's About Sending a Message!': Unpacking the Components of Revenge. It's About Sending a Message.

Moy, N., Chan, H. F., Mathmann, F., Schaffner, M., & Torgler, B. (2021). Confidence is good; too much, not so much: Exploring the effects on reward-based crowdfunding success.

Mueller, M. (2021). Experimental Evidence on Selective Memory of Big LifeDecisions using 10 Years of Panel Survey Data.

Mueller, A. I., Spinnewijn, J., & Topa, G. (2021). Job Seekers' Perceptions and Employment Prospects: Heterogeneity, Duration Dependence, and Bias. American Economic Review, 111(1), 324-63.

Novak, V., Matveenko, A., & Ravaioli, S. (2021). The Status Quo and Belief Polarization of Inattentive Agents: Theory and Experiment.

Orhun, A. Y., Cohn, A., & Raymond, C. (2021). Motivated Optimism and Workplace Risk.

Pennycook, G., & Rand, D. G. (2021). The psychology of fake news. Trends in cognitive sciences.

Pompeo, M., & Serdarevic, N. (2021). Is information enough? The case of Republicans and climate change. The case of Republicans and climate change.

Santos-Pinto, L. (2021). Are Overconfident Players More Likely to Win Tournaments and Contests?

Santos Pinto, L., & Colzani, P. (2021). Does Overconfidence Lead to Bargaining Failures?

Schwartzstein, J., & Sunderam, A. (2021). Using models to persuade. American Economic Review, 111(1), 276-323.

Reshidi, P., Lizzeri, A., Yariv, L., Chan, J. H., & Suen, W. (2021). Individual and collective information acquisition: An experimental study.

Roel, M., & Staab, M. (2021). The benefits of being misinformed.

Thaler, M. (2021). The Supply of Motivated Beliefs.

Thaler. M (2021). Overinference from Weak Signals, Underinference from Strong Signals, and the Psychophysics of Interpreting Information.

Tsakas, E. (2021). Identification of misreported beliefs.

Tsakas, E., Tsakas, N., & Xefteris, D. (2021). Resisting persuasion. Economic Theory, 1-20.

Valero, V. (2021). Redistribution and beliefs about the source of income inequality. Experimental Economics, 1-26. NEW!

Zimpelmann, C. (2021). Stock Market Beliefs and Portfolio Choice in the General Population.


Akesson, J., Ashworth-Hayes, S., Hahn, R., Metcalfe, R. D., & Rasooly, I. (2020). Fatalism, Beliefs, and Behaviors During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Alnamlah, M., & Gravert, C. (2020). She Could Not Agree More: The Role of Failure Attribution in Shaping the Gender Gap in Competition Persistence.

Altay, S., de Araujo, E., & Mercier, H. (2020). “If this account is true, it is most enormously wonderful”: Interestingness-if-true and the sharing of true and false news.

Altay, S., & Mercier, H. (2020). Happy Thoughts: The Role of Communion in Accepting and Sharing Epistemically Suspect Beliefs.

Alysandratos, T., Boukouras, A., Georganas, S., & Maniadis, Z. (2020). The Expert and The Charlatan: an Experimental Study in Economic Advice.

Andreozzi, L., Ploner, M., & Saral, A. S. (2020). The stability of conditional cooperation: beliefs alone cannot explain the decline of cooperation in social dilemmas. Scientific reports, 10(1), 1-10.

Aoyagi, M., Fréchette, G. R., & Yuksel, S. (2020). Beliefs in Repeated Games.

Arts, S., Ong, Q., & Qiu, J. (2020). Measuring subjective decision confidence.

Augias, V., & Barreto, D. (2020). Wishful Thinking: Persuasion and Polarization.

Bago, B., Rand, D. G., & Pennycook, G. (2020). Fake news, fast and slow: Deliberation reduces belief in false (but not true) news headlines. Journal of experimental psychology: general.

Banerjee, R., Gupta, N. D., & Villeval, M. C. (2020). Feedback spillovers across tasks, self-confidence and competitiveness. Games and Economic Behavior, 123, 127-170.

Barron, K., Ditlmann, R., Gehrig, S., & Schweighofer-Kodritsch, S. (2020). Explicit and implicit belief-based gender discrimination: A hiring experiment.

Barron, K., & Gravert, C. (2020). Confidence and career choices: An experiment.

Bartik, A. W., Bertrand, M., Cullen, Z., Glaeser, E. L., Luca, M., & Stanton, C. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on small business outcomes and expectations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(30), 17656-17666.

Belfield, C., Boneva, T., Rauh, C., & Shaw, J. (2020). What drives enrolment gaps in further education? the role of beliefs in sequential schooling decisions. Economica, 87(346), 490-529.

Bhalotra, S. R., Delavande, A., Gilabert, P., & Maselko, J. (2020). Maternal investments in children: the role of expected effort and returns.

Bicchieri, C., Dimant, E., & Sonderegger, S. (2020). It's Not a Lie If You Believe the Norm Does Not Apply: Conditional Norm-Following with Strategic Beliefs.

Biroli, P., Boneva, T., Raja, A., & Rauh, C. (2020). Parental beliefs about returns to child health investments. Journal of Econometrics.

Bosch-Rosa, C., & Meissner, T. (2020). The one player guessing game: a diagnosis on the relationship between equilibrium play, beliefs, and best responses. Experimental Economics, 1-19.

Boto-Garcìa, D., Bucciol, A., & Zarri, L. (2020). Managerial Beliefs and Firm Performance: Field Evidence from Professional Elite Soccer.

Branas-Garza, P., Mesa-Vázquez, E., & Rivera-Garrido, N. (2020). Gender differences in overplacement in familiar and unfamiliar tasks: Far more similarities.

Buchanan, J. A. (2020). My reference point, not yours. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 171, 297-311.

Buser, T., Grimalda, G., Putterman, L., & van der Weele, J. (2020). Overconfidence and gender gaps in redistributive preferences: Cross-Country experimental evidence. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 178, 267-286.

Butera, L., Metcalfe, R., Morrison, W., & Taubinsky, D. (2020). Measuring the Welfare Effects of Shame and Pride.

Carlson, R. W., Maréchal, M. A., Oud, B., Fehr, E., & Crockett, M. J. (2020). Motivated misremembering of selfish decisions. Nature Communications, 11(1), 1-11.

Castagnetti, A., & Schmacker, R. (2020). Protecting the Ego: Motivated Information Selection and Updating.

Chen, S., & Heese, C. (2020). Motivated Information Acquisition in Social Decisions.

Chew, S. H., Huang, W., & Zhao, X. (2020). Motivated false memory. Journal of Political Economy, 128(10), 3913-3939.

Ciancio, A., Delavande, A., Kohler, H. P., & Kohler, I. V. (2020). Mortality risk information, survival expectations and sexual behaviors.

Ciani, E., Delavande, A., Etheridge, B., & Francesconi, M. (2020). Policy Uncertainty and Information Flows: Evidence from Pension Reform Expectations.

Coffman, K. B., Exley, C. L., & Niederle, M. (2020). The Role of Beliefs in Driving Gender Discrimination.

Connors, M. H., & Halligan, P. W. (2020). Delusions and theories of belief. Consciousness and Cognition, 81, 102935.

Cookson, J. A., Engelberg, J. E., & Mullins, W. (2020). Does partisanship shape investor beliefs? Evidence from the COVID-19 pandemic. The Review of Asset Pricing Studies, 10(4), 863-893.

Coutts, A., Gerhards, L., & Murad, Z. (2020). What to blame? Self-serving attribution bias with multi-dimensional uncertainty.

Crosetto, P., Filippin, A., Katuščák, P., & Smith, J. (2020). Central tendency bias in belief elicitation. Journal of Economic Psychology, 102273.

da Silveira, R. A., Sung, Y., & Woodford, M. (2020). Optimally Imprecise Memory and Biased Forecasts.

de Clippel, G., & Zhang, X. (2020). Non-bayesian persuasion.

Delavande, A., Del Bono, E., & Holford, A. (2020). Academic and non-academic investments at university: The role of expectations, preferences and constraints. Journal of Econometrics.

Delavande, A., Ganguli, J., & Mengel, F. (2020). Uncertainty Attitudes, Subjective Expectations and Decisions under Uncertainty.

Dimant, E. (2020). Hate trumps love: The impact of political polarization on social preferences.

Dimant, E., van Kleef, G. A., & Shalvi, S. (2020). Requiem for a nudge: Framing effects in nudging honesty. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 172, 247-266.

Enke, B., Gneezy, U., Hall, B. J., Martin, D., Nelidov, V., Offerman, T., & de Ven, J. V. (2020). Cognitive Biases: Mistakes or Missing Stakes?.

Enke, B., Schwerter, F., & Zimmermann, F. (2020). Associative memory and belief formation.

Erkal, N., Gangadharan, L., & Koh, B. H. (2020). Replication: Belief elicitation with quadratic and binarized scoring rules. Journal of Economic Psychology, 81, 102315.

Espinosa, R., & Stoop, J. (2020). Do People Really Want to Be Informed? Ex-ante Evaluations of Information-Campaign Effectiveness.

Espinosa, R., & Treich, N. (2020). Moderate vs. Radical NGOs. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Esponda, I., Vespa, E., & Yuksel, S. (2020). Mental Models and Learning: The Case of Base-Rate Neglect.

Esteban-Casanelles, T., & Gonçalves, D. (2020). The effect of incentives on choices and beliefs in games: An experiment.

Fan, Y., Orhun, A. Y., & Turjeman, D. (2020). Heterogeneous actions, beliefs, constraints and risk tolerance during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Fehr, D., & Vollmann, M. (2020). Misperceiving Economic Success: Experimental Evidence on Meritocratic Beliefs and Inequality Acceptance.

Friehe, T., & Pannenberg, M. (2020). Time Preferences and Overconfident Beliefs: Evidence from Germany. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 101651.

Galeotti, F., Saucet, C., & Villeval, M. C. (2020). Unethical amnesia responds more to instrumental than to hedonic motives. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(41), 25423-25428.

Ging-Jehli, N. R., Schneider, F. H., & Weber, R. A. (2020). On self-serving strategic beliefs. Games and Economic Behavior.

Gneezy, U., Saccardo, S., Serra-Garcia, M., & van Veldhuizen, R. (2020). Bribing the self. Games and Economic Behavior, 120, 311-324.

Goette, L., Han, H. J., & Leung, B. T. K. (2020). Information overload and confirmation bias.

Gonçalves, D. (2020). Sequential sampling and equilibrium. Working Paper.

Haaland, I., Roth, C., & Wohlfart, J. (2020). Designing information provision experiments.

Heller, Y., & Winter, E. (2020). Biased-belief equilibrium. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 12(2), 1-40.

Hestermann, N., Le Yaouanq, Y., & Treich, N. (2020). An economic model of the meat paradox. European Economic Review, 129, 103569.

Hillenbrand, A., & Verrina, E. (2020). The differential effect of narratives on prosocial behavior.

Hirshleifer, D. (2020). Presidential address: Social transmission bias in economics and finance. The Journal of Finance, 75(4), 1779-1831.

Hoffman, M., & Burks, S. V. (2020). Worker overconfidence: Field evidence and implications for employee turnover and firm profits. Quantitative Economics, 11(1), 315-348.

Kovacs, R. J., Lagarde, M., & Cairns, J. (2020). Overconfident health workers provide lower quality healthcare. Journal of Economic Psychology, 76, 102213.

Leung, B. T. K. (2020). Learning in a Small/Big World.

Leung, B. T. K. (2020). Limited cognitive ability and selective information processing. Games and Economic Behavior, 120, 345-369.

Lobeck, M. (2020). Motivating Beliefs in a Just World.

Martel, C., Pennycook, G., & Rand, D. G. (2020). Reliance on emotion promotes belief in fake news. Cognitive research: principles and implications, 5(1), 1-20.

Molnar, A., & Loewenstein, G. (2020). The False and the Furious: People are more disturbed by others' false beliefs than by differences in beliefs.

Oprea, R., & Yuksel, S. (2020). Social Exchange of Motivated Beliefs.

Pace, D., & van der Weele, J. (2020). Curbing Carbon: An Experiment on Uncertainty and Information about CO2 emissions.

Pennycook, G., Cheyne, J. A., Koehler, D. J., & Fugelsang, J. A. (2020). On the belief that beliefs should change according to evidence: Implications for conspiratorial, moral, paranormal, political, religious, and science beliefs. Judgment and Decision Making, 15(4), 476.

Rieger, M. O., Wang, M., & Hausmann, D. (2020). Pre-Decisional Information Acquisition: Do We Pay TooMuch for Information?

Saccardo, S., & Serra-Garcia, M. (2020). Cognitive Flexibility or Moral Commitment? Evidence of Anticipated Belief Distortion.

Samad, Z. (2020). Self-Deception: Adopting False Beliefs for a Favorable Self-View.

Samad, Z. (2020). Sytematically Skewed Beliefs.

Santos-Pinto, L., & de la Rosa, L. E. (2020). Overconfidence in Labor Markets. Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics, 1-42.

Tappin, B. M., Pennycook, G., & Rand, D. G. (2020). Bayesian or biased? Analytic thinking and political belief updating. Cognition, 204, 104375.

Tappin, B. M., Pennycook, G., & Rand, D. G. (2020). Thinking clearly about causal inferences of politically motivated reasoning: Why paradigmatic study designs often undermine causal inference. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 34, 81-87.

Tappin, B. M., Pennycook, G., & Rand, D. G. (2020). Rethinking the link between cognitive sophistication and politically motivated reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

Thaler, M (2020). Do People Engage in Motivated Reasoning to Think the World Is a Good Place for Others?

Thaler, M (2020). Gender Differences in Motivated Reasoning.

Thaler, M. (2020). The “Fake News” Effect: Experimentally Identifying Motivated Reasoning Using Trust in News.

Tsakas, E. (2020). Robust scoring rules. Theoretical Economics, 15(3), 955-987.

Williams, D. (2020). Motivated ignorance, rationality, and democratic politics. Synthese, 1-21.

Williams, D. (2020). Socially adaptive belief. Mind & Language.

Zimmermann, F. (2020). The dynamics of motivated beliefs. American Economic Review, 110(2), 337-61.


Ahrens, S., & Bosch-Rosa, C. (2019). The Motivated Beliefs of Investors Under Limited Liability.

Attanasio, O., Boneva, T., & Rauh, C. (2019). Parental beliefs about returns to different types of investments in school children. Forthcoming at Journal of Human Resources.

Barron, K., Huck, S., & Jehiel, P. (2019). Everyday econometricians: Selection neglect and overoptimism when learning from others.

Benjamin, D. J. (2019). Errors in probabilistic reasoning and judgment biases. In Handbook of Behavioral Economics: Applications and Foundations 1 (Vol. 2, pp. 69-186). North-Holland.

Bordalo, P., Coffman, K., Gennaioli, N., Schwerter, F., & Shleifer, A. (2019). Memory and representativeness.

Bosch-Rosa, C., Gietl, D., & Heinemann, F. (2019). Risk-Taking under Limited Liability: Quantifying the Role of Motivated Beliefs.

Brilon, S., Grassi, S., Grieder, M., & Schulz, J. (2019). Strategic Competition and Self-Confidence.

Bronstein, M. V., Pennycook, G., Bear, A., Rand, D. G., & Cannon, T. D. (2019). Belief in fake news is associated with delusionality, dogmatism, religious fundamentalism, and reduced analytic thinking. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 8(1), 108-117.

Cacault, M. P., & Grieder, M. (2019). How group identification distorts beliefs. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 164, 63-76.

Carhart-Harris, R. L., & Friston, K. J. (2019). REBUS and the anarchic brain: toward a unified model of the brain action of psychedelics. Pharmacological reviews, 71(3), 316-344.

Chen, S., & Schildberg-Hörisch, H. (2019). Looking at the bright side: The motivational value of confidence. European Economic Review, 120, 103302.

Coutts, A. (2019). Good news and bad news are still news: Experimental evidence on belief updating. Experimental Economics, 22(2), 369-395.

Coutts, A. (2019). Testing models of belief bias: An experiment. Games and Economic Behavior, 113, 549-565.

Dasaratha, K., Golub, B., & Hak, N. (2019). Learning from Neighbors About a Changing State.

Delavande, A., & Zafar, B. (2019). University choice: The role of expected earnings, nonpecuniary outcomes, and financial constraints. Journal of Political Economy, 127(5), 2343-2393.

Dhami, S., Wei, M., & al-Nowaihi, A. (2019). Public goods games and psychological utility: Theory and evidence. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 167, 361-390.

Engelmann, J., Lebreton, M., Schwardmann, P., van der Weele, J. J., & Chang, L. A. (2019). Anticipatory anxiety and wishful thinking.

Enke, B., & Graeber, T. (2019). Cognitive uncertainty.

Enke, B., & Zimmermann, F. (2019). Correlation neglect in belief formation. The Review of Economic Studies, 86(1), 313-332.

Erkal, N., Gangadharan, L., & Koh, B. H. (2019). By Chance or By Choice? Biased Attribution of Others' Outcomes.

Exley, C. L., & Kessler, J. B. (2019). Motivated errors.

Gödker, K., Jiao, P., & Smeets, P. (2019). Investor memory.

Han, B., Hirshleifer, D., & Walden, J. (2019). Visibility bias in the transmission of consumption beliefs and undersaving.

Hartzmark, S. M., Hirshman, S., & Imas, A. (2019). Ownership, Learning, and Beliefs.

Heidhues, P., Kőszegi, B., & Strack, P. (2019). Overconfidence and prejudice.

Irlenbusch, B., Rilke, R. M., & Walkowitz, G. (2019). Designing feedback in voluntary contribution games: the role of transparency. Experimental Economics, 22(2), 552-576.

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Timeless Useful Surveys

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