UPCOMING EVENTS and LATEST NEWS (as of 04/23/17)
As part of our continuing outreach initiative, Smog Museum archivist and curator Brian Charlton will present Donora native and baseball great Stan "The Man" Musial at the West End Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh on Thursday, June 15t at 11:00 a.m. Located at 47 Wabash Street in the West End section of Pittsburgh, please contact them directly at 412 - 921 - 1717 for any further information.
Our next Cement City Home and Walking Tour is scheduled for Sunday, October 15th at 1:00 p.m. Space is limited. Click on the Cement City tab above to learn more. RSVP to hold your spot. If Oct 15th sells out, we may also schedule Saturday, October 15th.
$5 T-Shirt closeout sale - limited size quantities and colors - Sweatshirts are SOLD OUT - Click on our site's Merchandise tab to see style and colors. Shipping and Handling is extra. T-shirts also available at the Donora Public Library during the week and on Saturdays.
facebook - find us and like us by searching on Donora Historical Society and Smog Museum. All of our upcoming presentations and events will be announced here on this website, on facebook, and various newspapers.
The Founding of Donora -- The Big Bang...
Well, not all of a sudden...
Once roamed by Iroquois, and then the Delaware, Shawnee and Mingo Native Americans, in 1769, a village 30 miles south of Pittsburgh known as Horseshoe Bottom because of its horseshoe river border, was formally recognized as a settlement when grain mill owner Nicholas Crist surveyed the area. He later called it Strasburg in 1784.
In the late 1800's, America was being transformed by two powerful forces: Industrialization and immigration. "Company towns,” sprang up almost overnight and were the instant creations of steelmasters, bankers, and mining and railroad barons. The immigrants search for work was successful in the industrial and mining communities of Western Pennsylvania.
The photo to the right shows Webster, Pennsylvania in the foreground on the Monongahela River just opposite of what was the relatively undeveloped town of West Columbia in the background, probably in the late 1800's. This is the earliest picture that we have of our town.
It wasn't until 1899, when Andrew W. Mellon, Richard B. Mellon, Henry Clay Frick and William H. Donner formed the Union Improvement Company, that the area surrounding West Columbia had much growth.
and community. The Monongahela River Valley was already well established as one of the largest steel-making centers in the world and this new town would be the final piece. When lot sales were opened (see photo to the left) on August 30, 1900, there was a rush of people to the new town. What was once a village of only four houses with twelve persons residing therein, the new town would swell in three years to 1,000 buildings and over 6,000 people.
The Union Improvement Company broke ground for the Union Steel Company on May 29, 1900, and at the time was one of the largest plants of its kind in the United States, occupying a 300 acre footprint along the riverfront. The Union Steel Company was later purchased by the United States Steel Corporation under the name of the American Steel & Wire Company.
The borough of Donora was incorporated on February 11, 1901, and in May, 1903, the village of West Columbia was taken in as part of Donora.
Aside from the 1948 Smog incident, the steel mill would serve Donora well for the next 60 or so years until it started to close in the late 1950's and finishing in the late 1960's. Although the mills have long since gone, today Donora has a thriving industrial park in the footprint of the original mill.
Donora tells the story of industrial America: immigration, hard work, sacrifice and a devotion to faith, family, education and country.
Donora has a rich history and the Donora Historical Society has been preserving that history since 1946. Please learn more about our history while visiting this website or stop by our museum to see our vast collection of artifacts related to our town -- next to yours the best town in the USA!