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Vocal trauma; nodules and polyps

Unfortunately many singers and people who speak a lot (teachers for example) develop vocal trauma.
The most occurring problems are nodules and polyps. They occur when the voice is overused, or used with a poor vocal technique.
In most cases too much air pressure is a main factor in the development of nodules and polyps.
A lack of breath support and 'pushing' the tone too much are common sources of vocal trauma.

A nodule is like a callous on your vocal cords. It prevents your vocal cords from closing properly.
Especially after having a cold you need to be aware that the voice needs some time to get rid of the swelling due to the infection.
If you start using your voice when it is not healed, you might develop voice strain.


If you are suffering from a 'rough' of 'scratchy' voice, hoarseness, breathiness, decreased pitch range or a fatigued voice for more than three weeks, ALWAYS see a doctor!
Also if you feel like producing a clear sound takes more effort than it should, go see a doctor! 

In this video a laryngologist gives information about vocal nodules:



A polyp is like a blister and comes in different shapes and sizes.

 When a doctor tells you you have vocal nodules or polyps he will send you to a speech therapist. You will learn how to make sound in a healthy way by doing a lot of resonance training, relaxation and improving breath support.

DO NOT SING unless a doctor or therapist tells you it is safe!!!
Keep in mind though that speech therapy doesn't always cover vocal technique!
So if you suffer from nodules, polyps or other vocal trauma, ALWAYS go to a voice teacher to check your vocal technique!