The IAR 316 is a Romanian license-built Aérospatiale SA 319B Alouette III manufactured by Industria Aeronautică Română, or IAR. IAR began manufacturing the IAR 316 in 1971 at its plant near Braşov, Romania. Production ended in 1987. 250 units were built, 125 of those were built for the Military of Romania, which still uses it to this day in a training capacity. Some IAR 316s were even exported to various nations, including Pakistan, Angola, and Guinea. The IAR 316 was modified to carry weapons more common in the Eastern-bloc, such as 57mm rocket pods, 7.62mm machine guns, and anti-tank missiles.

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IAR-316B used in development for the IAR-317.