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Leon Trotsky 19301121 Spanish Fascism

Leon Trotsky: Spanish Fascism

November 21, 1930

[The Spanish Revolution (1931-39). New York 1973, p. 63 f.]

In my article I very carefully expressed the thought that after several years of dictatorship, after a bourgeois opposition movement, after all the superficial noise of the republicans, and after the student demonstrations, we must inevitably expect the workers to act; what is more, these interventions may catch the revolutionary party unawares. Unless I am mistaken, several Spanish comrades thought that I exaggerated the symptomatic importance of the student demonstrations and, together with that, the perspectives for the revolutionary movement of the workers. Since then, however, the strike struggle has assumed gigantic proportions in Spain. It is altogether impossible to get a clear picture of who is leading these strikes.

Don't you think that Spain may go through the same cycle as Italy did, beginning with 1918-1919: ferment, strikes, a general strike, the seizure of the factories, the lack of leadership, the decline of the movement, the growth of fascism, and of a counter-revolutionary dictatorship? The regime of Primo de Rivera was not a fascist dictatorship because it did not base itself upon the reaction of the petty-bourgeois masses. Don't you think that the conditions for genuine Spanish fascism may be created as a result of the present unquestionable revolutionary upsurge in Spain, if the party of the proletarian vanguard remains passive and inconsistent, as in the past? The most dangerous thing in such a situation is the loss of time.