Activities‎ > ‎2012‎ > ‎Baragali Seminar‎ > ‎


Seminar on

Library Management in Virtual Environment

Organized by

Peshawar Universities Campus Librarians Association (PUCLA)

At Baragali Summer Campus Univeristy of Peshawar

2nd June to 6th June 2012



Report by

Zeeshan Ullah, Rahimdad and Zakria

Seminar Co-ordinators




 Saturday 2nd June, 2012

1st Session

The seminar was formally started with the recitation of the Holy Quran by Mr. Ibrahim, Librarian Peshawar Medical College. Mr. Zakria Qasmi General Secretary ,Peshawar Universities Campus Librarians Association (PUCLA) introduced the activities of PUCLA in the promotion of the cause of Librarianship particularly in the Grand Campus Peshawar and generally in the KPK Province. He also introduced the Seminar profile and its objectives.

Inaugural ceremony was graced by the Chief Guest Prof. Dr. Kanwal Ameen, Chairperson Department of Library and Information Sciences, University of the Punjab and Dr. Mansoor Kundy Vice Chancellor ,Gomal University was the guest of honor in this ceremony.

During the speech Prof. Dr. Kanwal Ameen appriciated the theme of the seminar and emphasized on Mind shift: from collection centered to user centered, from physical place to embrace virtual space, from mere focusing on in-house tasks to building connections, from learning IT skills as an end in itself to as a means to an end and from dull, dry, flat physical space to welcoming, vibrant, flexible and pleasant physical space. She said that the basic concepts of virtual environment are digital library, virtual library, e-library and hybrid library.

She also mentioned that we must know all the latest techniques regarding ICT and we must have an online databases unlike HEC Digital Library where we do not have an access to all the databases from a single search engine.

After the inaugural speech of honorable Chief Guest Prof. Dr. Kanwal Ameen Mr. Jannat Naeem, President PUCLA presented the concluding remarks.

2nd Session was chaired by Prof. Dr. Kanwal Ameen

Mr. Hamid Rahman, Assistant Prof. Dept. of Library and Information Sciences, University of Peshawar delivered his lecture on “Managing the virtual libraries in current era: challenges to face and reality to accept”. He said that digital library is the collection of electronic resources that provides direct/indirect access to a systematically organized collection of digital objects and virtual library is that library in which we access to electronic information in a variety of remote locations through a local online catalogue or other gateway, such as the internet, material formatted in digitized style with no formal physical existence of building or paper based fixture.

He said that the nature of collection has been changed and collections are much more volatile such as e-journals, Open Access journals, e-book collections, e-music, Institutional repositories, Online reference resources and Datasets and we must keep ourselves update regarding the management of these resources.

He said that following are the challenges bieng faced by the librarians and they should overcome these challenges:

  • Interoperability
    • Technical, process, language,  (Different platforms etc)
  • Building digital collections
    • Digitization
    • Acquisition of original digital works
    • Access to external materials
  • Metadata
  • Naming, identifiers, and persistence
    • Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
    • Persistent Uniform Resource Locator (PURL)
    • Uniform Resource Name (URN)
  • Copyright / rights management
    • Usage tracking
    • Identifying and authenticating users
    • Providing the copyright status of each digital object, and the restrictions on its use or the fees associated with it.
  • Preservation
    • Preservation of the storage medium
    • Preservation of access to content


Sunday 3rd June, 2012


1st Session was chaired by Colonel Khush Mohammad Khan

Mr. Farsat Shafi Ullah presented Koha (an Open Source ILMS)

Some important points of his presentation are given below:

  • Koha is a New Zealand Māori custom which can be translated as gift, donation, or remuneration
  • Koha is a full featured Integrated Library System (ILS). there is no cost for the license, you have the freedom to modify the product to adapt it to your needs, etc.
  • Developed initially in New Zealand by Katipo Communications with Horowhenua Library Trust in 2000.
  • It is currently maintained by a dedicated team of software providers and library technology staff from around the globe .
  • Free/open source software Free download under the  GNU General Public License.
  • More than 1000 libraries are using Koha, including academic, public, school and special libraries, in Africa, Australia,Canada, USA, France, India and, of course, New Zealand.
  • Koha Community active contribution is life line of KOHA
  • A full featured  modern integrated  library software (ILS).
  • Web based. Web-based Interfaces. We can integrate with website.
  • Full MARC21 and UNIMARC support for professional cataloguing.
  • Multilingual and multi-user support including urdu and other local language
  • Library-Standards-Compliant. industrial standards & protocols i.e. Z39.50 server.
  • Major industry-standard database type (text, RDBMS), SQL,MYSQL.
  • Customizable web based opac & circulation system.
  • Full catalogue, circulation, acquisitions, library stock management.
  • Web based OPAC, public to search the catalogue.
  • Serial management module. 
  • Print your barcode.
  • Data interoptablity due to MARC21, Z3950 & ISO standard


2nd Session was Chaired by Mr. Hamid Rahman (Prof. D.L.I.Sc. Univ. of Peshawar)

Colonel Khush Mohammad Khan (Library Officer National Defense University, Islamabad) enlighten the Library Management in Virtual Environment. The aim of the presentation was to share views with the colleagues about the significant features of library management in the wake of Virtual library environment.

He said that the virtual library environment encompasses the concept of the digital library but is more than a collection of digitized resources. The virtual library provides access to an integrated collection of print, electronic and multimedia resources delivered seamlessly and transparently to users regardless either of their physical location or the location and ownership of the information.

He further explain that Information can be saved digitally because: there is enhanced intellectual control, links are provided, manipulation of text and images is improved, duplication is easy, new potential of conserving fragile/ precious originals, and the potential for integration into teaching materials etc..

He also emphasize the need to digital libraries because The burden or cost of delivery is reduced, there is encouragement of use by providing enhanced resources, there is ‘virtual reunification, more than one user simultaneously, provides timely access, saves physical storage space and Capable of supporting and creating multimedia information resources. We also need to develop digital libraries because there is no mutilation of pages due to high use or otherwise, an increased use of library resources, supports resource sharing among libraries, and there is the possibility of several ibraries forming a consortium.

He also mentioned the below difficulties in developing digital library:

—  The initial cost of digitization and preservation files is prohibitive.

—  Special training is required and thus special skills

—  The user has to accept the media

—  Bandwidth problem in accessing multimedia resources

—  Scanning and electronically storing the original documents of the entire paper based collection is time consuming

Col. Khush Mohammad Khan pointed out the following issues regarding Digital Libraries in Pakistan:

—  The idea of digital library is relatively new

—  No research study was conducted  -- Ashfaq Hussain, Perceptions of LIS Professionals about Digital Libraries in Pakistan: The Pakistani Perspective

—  In 2004, the British Council planned to launch an online digital library in Pakistan

—  The United Nations launched its digital library

—  Pakistan Library Automation Group organized the first digital library training program  - 2006

—  The HEC started a ‘National Digital Library – 2006

—  Some other digital library projects have been introduced in Pakistan such as United Nations Digital Library at Islamabad,

—  Pakistan Education and Research Network (PERN) is a nationwide educational intranet connecting premiere educational and research institutions of the country

—  Pakistan Research Repository

He also give below recommendations to overcome these issues:

—  A full time digital librarianship course at the Master level and beyond

—  Universities should establish proper computer laboratories

—  Students with graduation in computer science may be given preference

—  University libraries --- common standard library software

—  Library schools should organize purposeful seminars, conferences, workshops, continuing education programs, and lecture series etc.

—  Professional associations should organize workshops and continuing education programmes in digital librarianship


  • It is a fact that each passing day there is now a deeper combination between computer science, library and information science and management skills
  • With adequate knowledge of both the innovative technology and the traditional knowledge of librarianship one can effectively say that indeed, the future is already here with us
  • The management of digital libraries demands the invoking of revolutionary skills and techniques, previously not commonly applied in traditional libraries
  • Librarians and other information professionals must brace themselves to offer novel proactive information services
  • They also have to keep learning new tricks to make their service provision as attractive to actual as well as potential information users, for as long a time as possible


Monday 4th June, 2012


1st Session was chaired by Mr. Midrar Ullah (Librarian, Army Medical College, Islamabad)

Mr. Farsat Shafi Ullah presented DSpace (Library software for Digital Collection). He differentiate the digitized and born collection. Digized collection is that collection which we manually scan to create a e-readable file and born collection is that collection which is in e-format by birth/creation.

He also explain that what is open source library software and how we can get advantage of these software.


2nd Session was chaired by Mr. Saeed Ullah Jan (Chairman DLISc Sahrad University)

Mr. Rashid Ahmad Saleh (Ex-Treasurer University of Peshawar) presented the below presentation on  PC-I Including Instructions On How to Fill PC-I





 1.         Name of the Project

2.         Location

3.         Authority responsible for:

                                i.            Sponsoring

                              ii.            Execution

                            iii.            Operation and maintenance

                            iv.            Concerned federal ministry

 4.         Plan Provision

5.         Project objectives and its relationship with Sectoral objectives

6.         Description, justification and technical parameters

7.         Capital cost estimates

8.         Annual operating and maintenance cost after completion of the Project

9.         Demand and supply analysis

10.       Financial Plan and mode of financing

11.       Project benefits and analysis

                                i.            Financial

                              ii.            Social benefits with indicators

                            iii.            Employment generation (direct and indirect)

                            iv.            Environmental impact

                              v.            Impact of delays on project cost and viability

12.        a) Implementation schedule

             b) Result Based Monitoring (RBM) Indicators.

13.       Management structure and manpower requirements including

Specialized skills during execution and operational phases

14.       Additional projects/decisions required to maximize socio-economic

Benefits from the proposed project

15.       Certified that the project proposal has been prepared on the basis of

Instructions provided by the Planning Commission for the preparation of

PC-I for Social Sector projects.

Prepared by _________________________

                   Name, Designation & Phone#


Checked by _________________________

                     Name, Designation & Phone#


Approved by _________________________

                     Name, Designation & Phone#


 Revised 2005



Instructions to Fill-in PC-I Proforma(Social Sectors)

1.      Name of the Project

Indicate name of the project.

      2.   Location

·         Provide name of District/Province.

·         Attach a map of the area, clearly indicating the project location.

3.      Authorities responsible for

Indicate name of the agency responsible for sponsoring, execution, operation and maintenance.  For provincial projects, name of the concerned federal ministry be provided.

4.   (a)        Plan provision


·            If the project is included in the medium term/five year plan, specify actual allocation.

·            If not included in the current plan, what warrants its inclusion and how is it now proposed to be accommodated.

·            If the project is proposed to be financed out of block provision, indicate:


Total block provision

Amount already committed

Amount proposed for this project

Balance available


(b)               Provision in the current year PSDP/ADP


5.   Project objectives


·         The objectives of the sector/sub sector as indicated in the medium term/five year plan be reproduced. Indicate objectives of the project and develop a linkage between the proposed project and sectoral objectives.

·         In case of revised Projects, indicate objectives of the project, if different from original PC-I.


  6. Description and justification of project


§  Describe the project and indicate existing facilities in the area and justify the establishment of the Project. 

§  Provide technical parameters and discuss technology aspect of the Project.

§  Provide details of civil works, equipment, machinery and other physical facilities required for the project.

§  Indicate governance issues of the sector relevant to the project and strategy to resolve them.

In addition to above, the following sector specific information be provided

Education, training and manpower

·         Give student-teacher ratio for the project and the national average for the proposed level of education.

·         Year-wise proposed enrolment of the institution for 5 years.

·         For scholarship projects, indicate number of scholarships to be awarded each year alongwith selection criteria.

·         Provide faculty strength in relevant discipline, in case of expansion of facilities.

·         Indicate the extent of library and laboratory facilities available in case of secondary, college and university education.

·         Provide details of technical staff required for operation & maintenance of laboratories.

Health, nutrition, family planning and social welfare

a)      Health projects

·         Indicate whether the proposed facilities are preventive or curative. 

·         Bifurcate the facilities between indoor, out door and department-wise.

b)      Nutrition

·         Indicate the infrastructure and mechanism required for the project.

·         Measures taken for involvement and participation of the community.

·         Net improvement in the nutritional status of target groups in quantitative terms.

c)      Family planning

·         Provide information relating to motivation and distribution sub-system.

·         Give benchmark data and targets relating to number of couples to be approached and number of contraceptives and other devices to be distributed.

·         Mode/mechanism of advocacy and awareness

Water supply & sewerage


·                  Present and projected  population and water availability/ demand.

·                  Indicate source and water availability (mgd) during next 5,10,20 years.

·                  For waste water/sewerage, provide present and future disposal requirements, gaps if any and proposed treatment methods and capacity.

·                  Indicate present and proposed per capita water supply in the project area, comparison be made with water supply in similar localities.

·                  Indicate whether the proposed project is a part of the master plan.  If so, provide details.

Culture, sports, tourism & youth

·                  Existing and projected flow of tourists in the country/project area.

·                  Capacity of existing departments to maintain archaeological sites/museums.

·                  Relationship of archaeological projects with internal and foreign tourism.

Mass media

  • Indicate area and population to be covered with proposed project.


·         Indicate benefits of the research to the economy.

·         Mention number of studies/papers to be produced.

·         Indicate whether these studies would result in commercial application of the process developed (if applicable).


7.   Capital cost estimates

§  Indicate date of estimation of Project cost.

§  Basis of determining the capital cost be provided.  It includes market survey, schedule rates, estimation on the basis of previous work done etc.

§  Provide year-wise estimates of Physical activities by main components as per following:


Component-wise, year-wise physical activities





















 ·         Phasing of Capital cost be worked out on the basis of each item of work as stated above and provide information 

        as per following. 

Year-wise/component-wise financial phasing

                                                                                                                               (Million Rs)











































































        In case of revised Projects, Provide

                  §  Projects approval history, year wise PSDP allocations, releases and expenditure.

§  Item-wise, year-wise actual expenditure and Physical progress.

§  Justification for revision of PC-I and variation in scope of the project if applicable.

§  Item-wise comparison of revised cost with the approved cost and give reasons for variation.

§  Indicate exchange rate used to work out FEC in the original and revised PC-I.

8.  Annual operating cost

                   §  Item-wise annual operating cost for 5 years and sources of financing .

 9.  Demand supply analysis (excluding science & technology, research, governance & culture, sports & tourism sectors

        ·         Existing capacity of services and its supply

        ·         Projected demand for ten years

        ·         Capacity of projects being implemented both in the public & private sector

        ·         Supply – demand gap

        ·         Designed capacity & output of the proposed project

10.  Financial plan

Sources of financing

                       (a)        Equity:                      

Indicate the amount of equity to be financed from each source                   

§  Sponsors own resources

§  Federal government 

§  Provincial government 

§  DFI's/banks 

§  General public 

§  Foreign equity (indicate partner agency)

§  NGO’s/beneficiaries

§  Others


b)         Debt

Indicate the local & foreign debt, interest rate, grace period and repayment period for each loan separately.  The loan repayment schedule be also annexed.

             c)         Grants along with sources

             d)         Weighted cost of capital


11.(a) Project benefits and analysis


·         Financial:               Income to the project alongwith assumptions.

·         Social:                   Quantify benefit to the target group

·         Environmental:      Environmental impact assessment negative/positive.

       (b) Project analysis


§  Quantifiable output of the project

§  Unit cost analysis

§  Employment generation (direct and indirect)

§  Impact of delays on project cost and viability


12.       a) Implementation of the project


§  Indicate starting and completion date of the project

§  Item-wise/year-wise implementation schedule in line chart co- related with the phasing of physical activities.


b)      Result Based Monitoring (RBM) Indicators

§  Indicate Result Based Monitoring (RBM) framework indicators in quantifiable terms in the following table.






Targeted Impact

Baseline Indicator

Targets after Completion of Project































































13.       Management structure and manpower requirements 


§  Administrative arrangements for implementation of the project.

§  Manpower requirements during execution and operation of the project be provided by skills/profession.

§  Job description, qualification, experience, age and salary of each job be provided.


14.       Additional projects/decisions required


§  Indicate additional projects/decisions required to optimize the investment being undertaken on the project.


15.       Certificate


·         The name, designation and phone # of the officer responsible for , preparing and checking be provided.  It may also be confirmed that PC-I has been prepared as per instructions for the preparation of PC-I for social sector projects.

·         The PC-I alongwith certificate must be signed by the Principal Accounting Officer to ensure its ownership.


Tuesday 5th June, 2012


1st Session was chaired by Mr. Jannat Naeem Khan (President PUCLA)

Mr. Zeeshan Ullah delivered his lectures on EndNote and EDDC. Highlights of his presentation is given below:


EndNote is a database used to organize bibliographies for research papers, dissertations, or books etc. An EndNote library is like a file cabinet.  Just as a file cabinet holds many files, Endnote holds many references.   

Following are some features of EndNote

·         References just need to be entered once

·         References can be imported from search engine to eliminate typographical errors

·         References can be sorted on any of the features of the database, e.g. year, author, title.

·         Journals have been pre-formatted, so once the citation is made in the text, all the formatting is done for you and can be changed easily for re-submitted to another journal.

·         Endnote works with Word or Outlook.

He also practically installed and used EndNoteX4. He said that we can input the citation in EndNote both manually and from online databases as well.


He said the we use EDDC because :

·         It is a windows-based product that allows you to drag and drop information between windows.

·         Expanded search and display options.

·         An ability to display multiple DDC records from the schedules,  tables, index, and Manual on one screen

·         An ability to share a single CD-ROM drive among multiple users on a LAN

·         An extensive Help system that includes the Glossary and Introduction from the print DDC

·         Easy to Use

·         Indexes are available in many format such as caption index, relative phrase index etc.

·         Mouse friendly

·         Local notes capability

·         Printing

·         Saving the contents

Session was chaired by Mohammad Khan Marwat (President PLA KP Chapter)

Modern Library practices in Pakistan: Case Study of Public Sector University Libraries of the country by Saeed Ullah Jan, Assistant Professor & HoD, Department of Library and Information Science, Sarhad University of Science and Technology (SUIT) Peshawar

The abstract of the paper is given below

It is the wish and desire of a modern library to apply and enjoy the benefits of emerging technologies in its library daily house keeping routines and future developments. Developments in emerging technologies have had a tremendous impact on all kinds of libraries and information resource centers over the last two and half decades. The rapid growth and uses of emerging technologies has changed the traditional library into automated, electronic, virtual and digital library. This revolution is the need of the hour to make research more productive, to disseminate information and to establish a strong network system among all university libraries to quench the information thirst of that clientele which have access to e-resources.

The present study is designed to discuss the commencement and status of library automation in the public sector University of Pakistan, number of users visiting digital library sections of the university libraries, data base of library holding, websites of the university libraries under study, impact of modern practices on library services and resources, compassion of technology based services with manual services, user's opinion about skills and expertise to use technology based services  and resources and attitude of librarians towards the application of emerging library technologies.


Wednesday 6th June, 2012


Organizing Committee: 
Mr. Rahimdad (Vice President PUCLA)
Mr. Iftikhar Ahmad (Asst. Librarian KP UET)
Mr. Afaq Gohar (Asst. Librarian KP UET))
Mr. Zeeshan Ullah (Asst. Librarian ICP)
Mr. Waheed Ullah (Asst. Librarian ICP)
Mr. Farman Ullah (Asst. Librarian Dept. of Psychology UOP)