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Key of A. The two parts are similar and opposite. The first part is mostly an A chord but the second part is mostly a D chord. Fiddles play drone strings often. Fiddles can cross-tune (AEAE) though standard (GDAE) works too. Part 1 feels monotonous till the flourish at the end. Part 2 is just as monotonous and, while it has no flourish at the end, it does resolve on the A chord. This is a good tune for banjo noodling.

What is a chinquapin? It depends where you live. In north and central USA, it is an acorn from the Chinkapin Oak [wikipedia] and is unusual for being edible and sweet. In south eastern USA, it is a nut from the Allegheny Chinquapin [wikipedia], or dwarf chestnut tree. In north western USA, it is a nut from the Giant Chinquapin [OSU] evergreen tree. In southern USA, it is a fish also known as the red-ear sunfish [wikipedia].

Related tunes
  • Chinquapin HuntingDifferent tune. [OTF]
  • Chinquapin Pie. Different tune. [Amazon]
  • Mayfield a.k.a. Chinquapin. Different tune, same name. Here is a beautiful rendition on solo banjo [utoob]. Here is an outdoor jam session [utoob]. Here is an indoor jam [utoob].
  • Chinky Pin. Different tune, similar name. Solo mandolin [utoob]. According to Phillips Collection, the Chinky Pin tune also goes by several other names. 
  • Please donate to the Fund to help each Old Time Tune afford its Own Name.
The tune is Chinquapin. This jam happened at the Clifftop festival 2013. You mostly see and hear Rhys Jones fiddle + Mark Olitsky banjo. The other fiddler is Steve Selin from the Evil City. The video starts and ends in the middle of the second part, key of D. The semi-fretless banjo is tuned open A. Also David Jones, guitar; Jason Zorn, mandolin; Mike Levy, Bass. They also played Shady Grove.  Rhys Jones played this on his Mississippi Square Dance CD [clip at amazon]. Steve Selin played it with Evil City String Band [at the band's site, click Sounds, then scroll to this song].