Famous Hurricanes

1. THE GREAT GALVESTON TEXAS HURRICANE DISASTER

  • September 8-9, 1900
  • Galveston, Texas
  • 8,000 deaths (ranges up to 10,000 - 12,000)
  • category 4 at landfall
  • pressure 27.64" (936 mb) at landfall
  • damage $150 million
  • deadliest U.S. weather disaster on record

2. THE GULF/SOUTH TEXAS HURRICANE OF 1919

  • September 14, 1919
  • Just south of Corpus Christi, Texas
  • category 3 at landfall
  • Glanced Florida keys on September 9th as category 4
  • pressure 27.37" (927 mb) near Key West, Florida
  • pressure 28.05" (950 mb) at landfall
  • 600-900 deaths, many missing
  • damage $22 million

3. THE GREAT MIAMI HURRICANE

  • September 18, 1926
  • Miami, Florida
  • category 4 at landfall
  • Second, weaker landfall September 20th near Pensacola, Florida
  • pressure 27.46" (930 mb) at landfall
  • damage $105 million
  • 373+ deaths and 6,381 injuries

4. THE LAKE OKEECHOBEE FLORIDA CATASTROPHE

  • September 16, 1928
  • landfall near Palm Beach, Florida
  • Category 4 at landfall
  • Category 5 landfall in Puerto Rico on September 13th
  • Hurricane force winds produced 6-9 storm surge on lake Okeechobee!
  • pressure 27.43" (929 mb) at landfall
  • 2500+ deaths
  • damage $32 million

5. THE GREAT FLORIDA KEYS LABOR DAY STORM

  • September 3, 1935
  • Florida Keys
  • category 5 at landfall, first time in recorded U.S. history
  • pressure 26.35" (892 mb) at landfall
  • damage $6 million
  • 423 deaths
  • most intense hurricane to strike the U.S. on record
  • third lowest observed pressure of any recorded Atlantic hurricane

6. THE GREAT LONG ISLAND / NEW ENGLAND HURRICANE

  • September 21, 1938
  • Long Island New York/New England
  • 600 deaths
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 27.94" (946 mb) at landfall
  • damage $308 million

7. HURRICANE "CAROL"

  • August 31, 1954
  • Long Island New York/New England states
  • 60 deaths
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 28.35" (960 mb) at landfall
  • damage $461 million

8. HURRICANE "EDNA"

  • September 11, 1954
  • Extreme eastern New England
  • deaths ?
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 28.17" (954 mb) at landfall
  • damage ?

9. HURRICANE "HAZEL"

  • October 15, 1954
  • South Carolina/North Carolina north to Pennsylvania
  • 95 deaths
  • category 4 at landfall
  • pressure 27.70" (938 mb) at landfall
  • damage $281 million
  • record three major hurricanes in a row to strike the U.S. in less than two months

10. HURRICANE "DIANE"

  • August 17, 1955
  • North Carolina/northeast U.S.
  • 184 deaths
  • category 2 at landfall
  • pressure 28.02" (949 mb) at landfall
  • damage $831 million
  • most deaths were due to devastating floods in the northeast U.S.

11. HURRICANE "AUDREY"

  • June 27, 1957
  • southwest Louisiana
  • 400-500 deaths
  • category 4 at landfall
  • pressure 27.91" (945 mb) at landfall
  • damage $150 million
  • deadliest hurricane in June on record in the U.S.

12. HURRICANE "DONNA"

  • September 10, 1960
  • Florida
  • 50 deaths
  • category 4 at landfall
  • pressure 27.46" (930 mb) at landfall
  • damage $387 million

13. HURRICANE "CARLA"

  • September 11, 1961
  • Texas (remnants tracked to near Chicago)
  • 46 deaths
  • category 4 at landfall
  • pressure 27.49" (931 mb) at landfall
  • damage $408 million
  • dumped about 4 inches of rain at Milwaukee September 12-13

14. HURRICANE "BETSY"

  • September 8-9, 1965
  • southeast Florida/southeast Louisiana
  • 75 deaths
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 27.99" (948 mb) at landfall
  • damage $1.4 billion
  • first hurricane to inflict billion dollar damage

15. HURRICANE "BEULAH"

  • September 20, 1967
  • South Texas
  • 15 deaths
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 28.05" (950 mb) at landfall
  • damage $350 million
  • produced record 118 tornadoes by a hurricane across South Texas (most were weak)

16. HURRICANE "CAMILLE"

  • August 17-19, 1969
  • Mississippi/southeast Louisiana northeast to Virginia
  • 256 deaths
  • category 5 at landfall
  • pressure 26.84" (909 mb) at landfall
  • damage $1.4 billion
  • remnants dumped 27 inches of rain in less than 24 hours in Virginia
  • the second most intense hurricane on record at landfall
  • only the second hurricane to reach category 5 at landfall in the U.S.
  • nearly half the deaths were due to catastrophic flooding in the Appalachians

17. HURRICANE "AGNES"

  • June 19-22, 1972
  • Florida panhandle/northeast U.S.
  • 122 deaths
  • category 1 at landfall
  • pressure 28.86" (977 mb) at landfall
  • damage $2.1 billion
  • most deaths were due to catastrophic flooding in New York / Pennsylvania

18. HURRICANE "HUGO"

  • September 21, 1989
  • South Carolina
  • 21 deaths
  • category 4 at landfall
  • pressure 27.58" (934 mb) at landfall
  • damage $7 billion
  • the third costliest hurricane on record in the U.S.

19. HURRICANE "ANDREW"

  • August 24-26, 1992
  • southeast Florida/southern Louisiana
  • 23 deaths
  • category 5 at landfall
  • pressure 27.23" (922 mb) at landfall
  • damage $26.5 billion
  • the costliest hurricane on record in the U.S.
  • the third most intense hurricane at landfall to hit the U.S.

20. HURRICANE "FRAN"

  • September 5-6, 1996
  • North Carolina / Virginia north to Pennsylvania
  • 27 deaths
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 28.32" (954 mb) at landfall
  • damage $3.2 billion
  • the fourth costliest hurricane on record in the U.S.

21. HURRICANE "FLOYD"

  • September 16, 1999
  • landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina as category 2 hurricane
  • 56 deaths, most due to flooding
  • pressure 28.17" (959 mb) at landfall
  • damage $3-6 billion mainly from flooding

22. HURRICANE "ISABEL"

  • September 18, 2003
  • landfall near Cedar Island, North Carolina as category 2 hurricane
  • pressure 28.45" (963 mb) at landfall
  • 17 deaths
  • damage $3+ billion

23. HURRICANE "CHARLEY"

  • August 13, 2004
  • Entire west coast of Florida
  • 24 deaths
  • 792 injuries
  • category 4 at landfall
  • pressure 27.79" (941 mb) at landfall
  • damage $11.2 billion
  • the second costliest hurricane on record in the U.S.

24. HURRICANE "FRANCES"

  • September 5-6, 2004
  • landfall near Stuart, Florida as a category 2 hurricane
  • Secondary landfall as tropical storm near Apalachicola
  • 7 deaths
  • pressure 28.35" (960 mb) at landfall
  • damage $8.9 billion

25. HURRICANE "IVAN"

  • September 13-16, 2004
  • Western Panhandle of Florida and Alabama Gulf Coast
  • 14 deaths
  • 16 injuries
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 27.85" (943 mb) at landfall
  • damage $4.5 billion
  • One of the most damaging hurricanes to affect the extreme western Florida Panhandle in modern history.

26. HURRICANE "JEANNE"

  • September 26, 2004
  • landfall near Stuart, Florida
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 28.11" (952 mb) at landfall
  • damage $6.9 billion
  • 5 deaths
  • landfall was same location as hurricane Frances just a few weeks earlier, first and only in recorded history

27. HURRICANE "DENNIS"

  • July 10, 2005
  • landfall near Navarre Beach, Florida as a category 3 hurricane
  • pressure 27.94" (946 mb) at landfall
  • damage $2.23 billion
  • 3 deaths

28. HURRICANE "KATRINA"

  • August 29, 2005
  • 2nd landfall near Buras, Louisiana as a category 3 hurricane
  • 1st landfall was near Miami, Florida as a category 1 hurricane.
  • pressure 27.17" (920 mb) at Louisiana landfall
  • damage $100+ billion
  • 1500+ fatalities
  • The worst natural disaster in U.S. history from combination of significant loss of property and human life

29. HURRICANE "RITA"

  • September 24, 2005
  • landfall near Johnson’s Bayou, Louisiana
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 27.67" (937 mb) at landfall
  • 4th lowest pressure observed in an Atlantic hurricane (895 mb)
  • damage about $10 billion
  • Prompted one of the largest evacuation events in preparation for landfall
  • 7 deaths

30. HURRICANE "WILMA"

  • October 24, 2005
  • landfall near Naples, Florida
  • category 3 at landfall
  • pressure 28.23" (956 mb) at landfall
  • Lowest Atlantic hurricane pressure ever recorded (882 mb over Caribbean)
  • damage $20.6 billion, 3rd costliest in U.S. history (behind Katrina and Andrew)
  • 6 deaths

31. HURRICANE "IKE"

  • September 12-13, 2008
  • landfall near Galveston, Texas
  • category 2 at landfall
  • pressure 28.99" (982 mb) at landfall
  • damage $6.9 billion
  • 20 deaths
  • continued to produce significant wind damage and flooding in the following days up into the Ohio Valley