Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens)
Sequoia sempervirens is also known as coast redwood, coastal redwood and California redwood.It is an evergreen, long-lived, monoecious tree living 1,200–1,800 years or more. This species includes the tallest living trees on Earth, reaching up to 379 feet (115.5 m) in height (without the roots) and up to 26 feet (7.9 m) in diameter at breast height. These trees are also among the oldest living things on Earth. Before commercial logging and clearing began by the 1850s, this massive tree occurred naturally in an estimated 2,100,000 acres (8,500 km2) along much of coastal California (excluding southern California where rainfall is not sufficient) and the southwestern corner of coastal Oregon within the United States. An estimated 95% or more of the original old-growth redwood trees have been cut down due to their excellent properties for use as lumber in construction. (souce: Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens))
Coast redwood is one of the most valuable timber species in the lumbering industry. Coast redwood lumber is highly valued for its beauty, light weight, and resistance to decay. Its lack of resin makes it resistant to fire.The coast redwood is naturalized in New Zealand. Other areas of successful cultivation outside of the native range include Great Britain, Italy, Portugal, middle elevations of Hawaii.