Engineering Standards NGSS

Dimension 1: Scientific and Engineering Practices

1. Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering)

2. Developing and using models

3. Planning and carrying out investigations

4. Analyzing and interpreting data

5. Using mathematics and computational thinking

6. Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering)

7. Engaging in argument from evidence

8. Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Dimension 2: Cross Cutting Concepts that have Common Applications Across Fields

1. Patterns

2. Cause and effect: mechanism and explanation

3. Scale, proportion, and quantity

4. Systems and system models

5. Energy and matter: flows, cycles, and conservation

6. Structure and function

7. Stability and change

Dimension3: Core Ideas in Four Disciplinary Areas

Physical Sciences

PS 1: Matter and its interactions

PS 2: Motion and stability: Forces and interactions

PS 3: Energy

PS 4: Waves and their applications in technologies for information transfer

Life Sciences

LS 1: From molecules to organisms: Structures and processes LS 2: Ecosystems: Interactions, energy, and dynamics

LS 3: Heredity: Inheritance and variation of traits

LS 4: Biological Evolution: Unity and diversity

Earth and Space Sciences

ESS 1: Earth’s place in the universe ESS 2: Earth’s systems

ESS 3: Earth and human activity

Engineering, Technology, and the Applications of Science

ETS 1: Engineering design

ETS 2: Links among engineering, technology, science, and society