2011 Criminology Goes to the Movies: Crime Theory and Popular Culture, with Michelle Brown. New York: New York University Press.

2009 Origins of Criminology: A Reader. Abington, Oxfordshire: Routledge-Cavendish.

2008 The Criminal Brain: Understanding Biological Theories of Crime. Abington, Oxfordshire: Routledge-Cavendish.

2006 Shots in the Mirror: Crime Films and Society. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

2006 Criminal Man by Cesare Lombroso, newly translated and with an introduction by Mary Gibson and Nicole Hahn Rafter. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Korean translation, 2010.

2004 Criminal Woman by Cesare Lombroso and G. Ferrero, newly translated and with an introduction by Nicole Hahn Rafter and Mary Gibson . Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Stimulated by our new translation, in 2009 Italian scholars republished the entire original of La donna delinquente prefaced by an Italian translation of our introduction to Criminal Woman.

Korean translation, 2013.

2000 Encyclopedia of Women and Crime. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press. Editor-in-Chief.

2000 Shots in the Mirror: Crime Films and Society. New York: Oxford University Press.

1999 Prisons in America: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO, Contemporary World Issues Series. With Debra Stanley.

1997 Creating Born Criminals. Champaign, Ill.: University of Illinois Press.

1955 International Feminist Perspectives in Criminology: Engendering a Discipline. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press. Co-edited with Frances M. Heidensohn.

Introduction reprinted in G. Letherby and Y. Jewkes (eds.), Criminology: A Reader (Sage Publications)

1990 Partial Justice: Women, Prisons, and Social Control. 2d. ed., rev. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers.

Chapters from this book have been reprinted in edited collections.

1988 White Trash: The Eugenic Family Studies, 1877-1919. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

1985 Partial Justice: Women in State Prisons, 1800-1935. Boston: Northeastern University Press (lst ed.).

1982 Judge, Lawyer, Victim, Thief: Women, Gender Roles, and Criminal Justice. Boston: Northeastern University Press. Co-edited with Elizabeth A. Stanko.