IS. Passive voice. P1.

Отправлено 30 янв. 2016 г., 01:32 пользователем Vyacheslav Kazakov   [ обновлено 6 мар. 2016 г., 10:38 ]

1. "I don't want to hear another word. I have never been so insulted in my whole life, (to insult) (/. Shaw)

2. But what shall I do if you are killed ? (to kill) (Shaw) 

3. Godfrey waited, before he spoke again, until the ale had been brought and the door had been closed (to bring, to close) (Eliot) 

4. In whatever spare time he could find, he read the current research journals, trying to understand the implications of the experiments which were being performed throughout the world, (to perform) (Wilson)  
In whatever spare time he could find, he read the current research journals, trying to understand the implications of the experiments which had been performed throughout the world

5. Merriman, order the dog-cart at once. Mr. Ernest has been called back suddenly to town, (to call back) (Wilde) 

6. Upon the Doctor, and the widow, the eyes of both Mr. Tuprnan and his companion had been fixed for some time, when the stranger broke silence, (to fix) (Dickens) 
последовательность событий

7. In 1834, the Houses of Parliament, with the exception of Westminster Hall were destroyed by fire. They were rebuilt'.  by Sir Charles Barry, (to destroy, to rebuild) 

8. "I'm afraid that we're going to have to move," he said. "This lab won't be big enough for us after all. But there's a double room on the eleventh floor that isn't being used" (to use — negative) (Wilson)  
временное состояние
"I'm afraid that we're going to have to move," he said. "This lab won't be big enough for us after all. But there's a double room on the eleventh floor that hasn't being used"

9. Lanny noticed that he is being watched by three white men from the coffee stall on the other side of the road, (to watch) 
Lanny noticed that he was being watched by three white men from the coffee stall on the other side of the road, (to watch) 

10. It was past eleven o'clock — a late hour for the little village of Cobham — when Mr. Pickwick retired to the bedroom which had been prepared for his reception, (to prepare) (Dickens) 

11. We shall be scolded. if we are seen, but never mind, (to scold, to see) (Ch. Bronte) 

12. The Nobel Prize was given to him in 1924 when the advent of wave mechanics had revealed the importance of his work, ten years after his famous experiment had been performed (to give, to perform) (Wilson) 

13. The camp of peace will not allow the outbreak of a new war that is being prepared by the imperialists. (to prepare) 
The camp of peace will not allow the outbreak of a new war that has been prepared by the imperialists.

14. I called... to ask if a diamond brooch of mine was found (to find) (Wilde) 
I called... to ask if a diamond brooch of mine had been found 

15. The tea-things had been scarcely put away when the London coach deposited Mr. Weller, senior, at the door, (to put away) (Dickens) 
Не успел лондонский экипаж доставить мистера Веллера старшего к дверям, как чайная посуда была тут же убрана.
>Едва они успели убрать чайные приборы как лондонский экипаж доставил Мистера Веллера Старшего к дверям.

16. Annette's most valuable stone was ruby, which had been given to her when she was twelve by an Indian prince who was in love with her mother, (to give) (Murdoch) 
Annette's most valuable stone was ruby, which was given to her when she was twelve by an Indian prince who was in love with her mother

17. He [Jim] put down his pail... and bent over the toe with absorbing interest while the bandage was being unwound (to unwind) (Twain) 
Джим поставил свое ведро и наклонился посмотреть с поглотившим его интересом пока повязку развязывали.

18. He carefully examined the contents of his case, and did not speak again until the beer had been brought and he had paid for it. (to bring) (Priestley)  

19. The little patient was examined and soothed, and now lay composed in her crib, (to examine, to soothe) (Ch. Bronte) 
The little patient had been examined and soothed, and now lay composed in her crib, (to examine, to soothe)

20. It was an idea that was being at that moment discussed by Colonel Melchett and Colonel Bantry. (to discuss) (Christie) 

21. Lanny was beaten cruelly, heartlessly in the way Sara had been beaten. When he was being beaten, the barking of a dog was heard. It was followed by hurried footsteps, (to beat, to beat, to beat, to hear, to follow) 

22. He [Arthur] went up to his room. Nothing in it had been changed since his arrest, (to change) (Voynich) 

23. You can feel when you are watched. (to watch] (Hilton)  
You can feel when you are being watched.

24. The oldest of London's present-day theatres is the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, which was opened in 1663 and has been reconstructed since then several times. (to open, to reconstruct) 

25. Below decks the atmosphere was close. Many cigarettes were being smoked, and smoked. (to smoke to smoke) (Clark) 

26. She kept an eye on the Leanharn people to see that her action was being duly noticed (to notice) (Maugham)
27. Rumania is a Balkan State which has long been known for its mineral springs. (to know) (Maugham) 

28. After a few routine questions had been asked and answered, Dr. Lord leant back in his chair and smiled at his patient, (to ask, to answer) (Christie) 

29. Ettore was twenty-three. He had been brought up by an uncle in San Francisco and was visiting his father and mother in Torino when war was declared (to bring up, to declare) (Hemingway) 

30. He strode up to the front door of the forlorn house and rang the bell like one who was being expected there for weeks, (to expect) (Priestley)  
He strode up to the front door of the forlorn house and rang the bell like one who had been expected there for weeks

31. After lunch, we heard that Charles Lenton had been sent for. (to send) (Snow) 
Только после ланча мы узнали, что за Чарльзом Лентоном уже послали 

32. Breakfast had scarcely been cleared away when a waiter brought in Mr. Dowler's card, (to clear away) (Dickens) 

33. One could not walk or drive about Philadelphia without seeing or being impressed with the general tendency toward a more cultivated and selective social life. Many excellent 
and expensive houses had been erected (to erect) (Dreiser)  
were being erected (if it was a proccess)

34. I am constantly being followed in the street. I like it. It gives an amusement to the dullest walk, (to follow) (Maugham) 
am constantly followed in the street. I like it. It gives an amusement to the dullest walk
see случаи present constinious with always, constantly, permanently - это раздражение, разочарование и др. 

35. A minute earlier, a small boy with a partly deflated red balloon had run out into the cleared forbidden street. He had just been captured and being dragged back to the curb by his father... (to capture, to drag) (Salinger) 
A minute earlier, a small boy with a partly deflated red balloon had run out into the cleared forbidden street. He was just captured and dragged back to the curb by his father

36....the railway wasn't being used at all at that time, (to use — negitive) (Shute)  

37. Antonia: Thank you. Thank you. Martin: What have I been thanked for? (to thank) (Murdoch and Priestley)  

38. The gentleman was so startled that he took the night train for the Continent and had never been heard of since, (to hear) (Maugham) 
aka Present Perfect

stall noun BrE /stɔːl/ ; NAmE /stɔːl/ 
1. [countable] a table or small shop with an open front that people sell things from, especially at a market
synonym stand
a market stall
They have a fish stall on the market.
Drinks were being sold from makeshift stalls at the side of the road.
see also bookstall
2. [countable] a section inside a farm building that is large enough for one animal to be kept in
3. [countable] (especially North American English) a small area in a room, surrounded by glass, walls, etc., that contains a shower or toilet
the stalls (also the orchestra stalls) (both British English) [plural] (North American English the orchestra [singular]) the seats that are nearest to the stage in a theatre
the front row of the stalls
4. [countable, usually plural] the seats at the front of a church where the choir (= singers) and priests sit
5. [countable, usually singular] a situation in which a vehicle’s engine suddenly stops because it is not getting enough power
6. [countable, usually singular] a situation in which an aircraft loses speed and goes steeply downwards
The plane went into a stall.

awning noun BrE /ˈɔːnɪŋ/ ; NAmE /ˈɔːnɪŋ/ - a sheet of strong cloth that stretches out from above a door or window to keep off the sun or rain
We sat under the blue and white striped awning of the cafe.

precinct noun BrE /ˈpriːsɪŋkt/ ; NAmE /ˈpriːsɪŋkt/ 
1. (British English) a commercial area in a town where cars cannot go
a pedestrian/shopping precinct
2. (North American English) one of the parts into which a town or city is divided in order to organize elections
voters in key precincts
3. (North American English) a part of a city that has its own police station; the police station in this area
Detective Hennessy of the 44th precinct
The murder occurred just a block from the precinct.
4. [usually plural] (formal) the area around a place or a building, sometimes surrounded by a wall
the cathedral/college precincts
within the precincts of the castle
1) (precincts) а) огороженная территория, прилегающая к зданию (обычно огороженная стеной) б) территория, примыкающая к какому-л. месту; окрестности
2) граница, предел, рубеж
3) амер. административный округ, относящийся к определённому полицейскому или избирательному участку в городе
4) брит. район (в городе)
5) полицейский участок
6) избирательный участок

scold verb BrE /skəʊld/ ; NAmE /skoʊld/ - [transitive, intransitive] scold somebody (for something/for doing something) | (+ speech) (formal) to speak angrily to somebody, especially a child, because they have done something wrong
synonym rebuke
He scolded them for arriving late.
Rose scolded the child gently for her bad behaviour.
‘Don’t be such a baby!’ he scolded.

advent noun BrE /ˈædvent/ ; NAmE /ˈædvent/ 
1. [singular] the advent of something/somebody the coming of an important event, person, invention, etc.
the advent of new technology
2. Advent [uncountable] (in the Christian religion) the period of approximately four weeks before Christmas

reveal verb BrE /rɪˈviːl/ ; NAmE /rɪˈviːl/ 
1. to make something known to somebody
synonym disclose
reveal something (to somebody) to reveal a secret
Details of the murder were revealed by the local paper.
The doctors did not reveal the truth to him.
Salted peanuts were recently revealed as the nation’s favourite snack.
Her expression revealed nothing.
reveal (that)… The report reveals (that) the company made a loss of £20 million last year.
it is revealed that… It was revealed that important evidence had been suppressed.
reveal how, what, etc… Officers could not reveal how he died.
reveal somebody/something to be/have something Salted peanuts were recently revealed to be the nation's favourite snack.
2. to show something that previously could not be seen
synonym display
reveal something He laughed, revealing a line of white teeth.
The door opened to reveal a cosy little room.
X-rays revealed a fracture.
reveal yourself She crouched in the dark, too frightened to reveal herself.

outbreak noun BrE /ˈaʊtbreɪk/ ; NAmE /ˈaʊtbreɪk/ - the sudden start of something unpleasant, especially violence or a disease
the outbreak of war
an outbreak of typhoid
Outbreaks of rain are expected in the afternoon.
the events that led to the outbreak of World War I
an outbreak of hostilities

brooch noun BrE /brəʊtʃ/ ; NAmE /broʊtʃ/ (especially British English) (usually North American English pin)
a piece of jewellery with a pin on the back of it, that can be fastened to your clothes
She pinned a large amethyst brooch to her lapel.

lapel noun BrE /ləˈpel/ ; NAmE /ləˈpel/ 
one of the two front parts of the top of a coat or jacket that are joined to the collar and are folded back
to wear a flower in your lapel
He grabbed him by the lapels of his jacket.

pail noun BrE /peɪl/ ; NAmE /peɪl/ (North American English or old-fashioned) = bucket

toe noun BrE /təʊ/ ; NAmE /toʊ/ 
1. one of the five small parts that stick out from the foot
the big/little toe (= the largest/smallest toe)
I stubbed my toe on the step.
Can you touch your toes? (= by bending over while keeping your legs straight)
2. the part of a sock, shoe, etc. that covers the toes
He kicked the earth with the toe of his boot.

absorbing adjective BrE /əbˈzɔːbɪŋ/ ; NAmE /əbˈzɔːrbɪŋ/ ; BrE /əbˈsɔːbɪŋ/ ; NAmE /əbˈsɔːrbɪŋ/ 
interesting and enjoyable and holding your attention completely
an absorbing book/game
Fishing can be a totally absorbing hobby.
Chess can be an extremely absorbing game.

unwind verb BrE /ˌʌnˈwaɪnd/ ; NAmE /ˌʌnˈwaɪnd/ 
past simple unwound BrE /ˌʌnˈwaʊnd/ ; NAmE /ˌʌnˈwaʊnd/ 
1. [transitive, intransitive] unwind (something) (from something) to undo something that has been wrapped into a ball or around something
to unwind a ball of string
He unwound his scarf from his neck.
The bandage gradually unwound and fell off.
2. [intransitive] to stop worrying or thinking about problems and start to relax
synonym relax, wind down
Music helps me unwind after a busy day.

soothe verb BrE /suːð/ ; NAmE /suːð/ 
past participle soothed BrE /suːðd/ ; NAmE /suːðd/ 
1. soothe somebody to make somebody who is anxious, upset, etc. feel calmer
synonym calm
The music soothed her for a while.
Only when Maisie came to hold him and soothe his fears did he feel safe.
2. soothe something to make a tense or painful part of your body feel more comfortable
synonym relieve
This should soothe the pain.
Take a warm bath to soothe tense, tired muscles.
1) успокаивать, утешать; умиротворять; унимать
2) а) смягчать; облегчать (боль) б) прогонять, рассеивать
3) ублажать, тешить

close2 adjective BrE /kləʊs/ ; NAmE /kloʊs/ (closer, closest)
13. warm in an uncomfortable way because there does not seem to be enough fresh air
synonym stuffy
It’s very close today—I think there’s going to be a storm.

duly adverb BrE /ˈdjuːli/ ; NAmE /ˈduːli/ 
1. (formal) in the correct or expected manner
The document was duly signed by the inspector.
2. at the expected and correct time
They duly arrived at 9.30 in spite of torrential rain.
compare unduly

stride verb BrE /straɪd/ ; NAmE /straɪd/ 
[intransitive] (not used in the perfect tenses) + adv./prep. to walk with long steps in a particular direction
We strode across the snowy fields.
She came striding along to meet me.

forlorn adjective BrE /fəˈlɔːn/ ; NAmE /fərˈlɔːrn/ 
1. (of a person) appearing lonely and unhappy
She looked so forlorn, standing there in the rain.
2. (of a place) not cared for and with no people in it
Empty houses quickly take on a forlorn look.
3. unlikely to succeed, come true, etc.
She waited in the forlorn hope that he would one day come back to her.
His father smiled weakly in a forlorn attempt to reassure him that everything was all right.

deflate verb 
1. BrE /dɪˈfleɪt/ ; NAmE /dɪˈfleɪt/ ; BrE /ˌdiːˈfleɪt/ ; NAmE /ˌdiːˈfleɪt/
[transitive, intransitive] deflate (something) to let air or gas out of a tyre, balloon, etc.; to become smaller because of air or gas coming out
2. BrE /dɪˈfleɪt/ ; NAmE /dɪˈfleɪt/
[transitive, often passive] deflate somebody/something to make somebody feel less confident; to make somebody/something feel or seem less important
All the criticism had left her feeling totally deflated.
3. BrE /ˌdiːˈfleɪt/ ; NAmE /ˌdiːˈfleɪt/
[transitive] deflate something (economics) to reduce the amount of money being used in a country so that prices fall or stay steady
compare inflate, reflate

startled adjective BrE /ˈstɑːtld/ ; NAmE /ˈstɑːrtld/ - slightly shocked or frightened because of a sudden surprise
She looked at him with startled eyes.
He looked startled.
She jumped back like a startled rabbit.

curb noun BrE /kɜːb/ ; NAmE /kɜːrb/ 
1. curb (on something) something that controls and puts limits on something
curbs on government spending
Many companies have imposed curbs on smoking in the workplace.
We are in favour of strict curbs on government spending.
2. (North American English) (British English kerb) the edge of the raised path at the side of a road, usually made of long pieces of stone
The bus mounted the curb (= went onto the sidewalk / pavement) and hit a tree.

kerb noun(British English) (North American English curb) BrE /kɜːb/ ; NAmE /kɜːrb/ 
the edge of the raised path at the side of a road, usually made of long pieces of stone
The bus mounted the kerb (= went onto the pavement / sidewalk) and hit a tree.

crib noun BrE /krɪb/ ; NAmE /krɪb/ 
1. (North American English) (British English cot) a small bed with high sides for a baby or young child
2, a long open box that horses and cows can eat from
synonym manger
3. (British English) (North American English crèche) a model of the scene of Jesus Christ’s birth, placed in churches and homes at Christmas
4. (informal) written information such as answers to questions, often used dishonestly by students in tests
a crib sheet
5. = cribbage
6. (North American English, informal) the house, flat/apartment, etc. where somebody lives

cribbage noun BrE /ˈkrɪbɪdʒ/ ; NAmE /ˈkrɪbɪdʒ/ 
(also crib)
a card game in which players score points by collecting different combinations of cards. The score is kept by putting small pegs in holes in a board.