Research Grants & Projects

Pre-disaster Multi-hazard Damage and Economic Loss Estimation Model: 
Phase I (joint with University of Melbourne), funded by the Bushfire and Natural Hazard Cooperative Research Centre (BNH CRC), Australian Government, 2014-2016.

Total Grants: AU$ 525,000

This project is led by Prof. Mehmet Ulubasoglu (Deakin University) and Prof. Abbas Rajabifard (University of Melbourne). 
History portrays numerous natural disasters that not only reshaped topographical settings but also realigned the economic structures of many countries, including Australia. Over a series of catastrophic events, the emergency response system of Australia has proven to be very effective at saving human lives, but the mitigation and preparedness phases in disaster risk management cycle appears to be ineffective in averting the adverse economic impacts of natural disasters. Recognising  such disturbing facts,  this project aims to achieve a paradigm shift from reactive response to a proactive risk reduction culture through developing a method that will estimate the potential economic damage and losses of natural disasters.  In particular, on the one hand, at the national level it investigates the economic impact of natural disasters on sectoral economic growth of the Australia. On the other hand, at the state level, it assesses the multi-hazard risks, and estimate the potential damages and economic losses. Finally, this project identifies the optimum economic policy option to minimise such adverse effects of natural disasters. For more information, click here

Developing Climate Inclusive Potential Loss and Damage Assessment Method for Floods, funded by the 
Asia-Pacific Network (APN) for Global Change Research, Japan, 2015-2017. 

Total Grants: AU$ 190,000

A growing strand of literature indicates that climate change results in natural disasters—such as floods—more frequently with stronger intensities. In particular, such extreme events have been more intense and frequent in most of the Asian countries in recent decades creating detrimental effects not only on the ecosystem but also on livelihood. Therefore estimation of loss and damage due to impending flood event is of an utmost importance to take proactive measures for minimizing flood disaster risks through climate smart disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) interventions. With the financial assistance of Asia-Pacific Network (APN) for Global Change Research, Deakin University in collaboration with Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (Thailand), Department of Meteorology (Sri Lanka) and Small Earth Nepal (Nepal) has been implementing a project on “Developing climate inclusive potential loss and damage assessment methodology for flood hazards” in Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Thailand respectively. The objectives of this project are threefold: first, to develop a climate inclusive flood hazard risk assessment method for the targeted areas; second, to develop an economic method for estimating loss and damage in agricultural sector; and finally, to develop guidebooks for policymakers through several science-based DRR and CCA interventions. For more information, click here

Evaluating the Impact of “Managing Risks through Economic Development (M-RED)” Programme in Nepal and Timor-Leste, funded by the Mercy Corps, USA, 2013-2014.

Total Grants: AU$ 100,000

With the financial assistance of Margaret A. Cargill Foundation, the Mercy Corps (MC) is commencing implementation of an innovative 3-year program titled the “Managing Risks through Economic Development (M-RED)” in Nepal and Timor-Leste. This programme targets to develop an effective and sustainable model for disaster risk reduction (DDR) in vulnerable communities of Nepal and Timor-Leste, providing 35,000 households with a more sustainable approach that links DRR to economic security. Traditional approaches to DRR have proven effective at saving lives, but are less effective at mitigating economic impact of disasters and are rarely tied to strategies to build economic security and increase incomes. M-RED will attempt to build a model that addresses risk reduction together with economic development to promote economic security. In this context, the Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre (ADPC) proposes a research evaluation team, led by Dr. Muhammad Habibur Rahman, which will provide technical support to conduct an evaluation of M-RED program. Given the innovative nature of the program, the research evaluation team sets a Quasi-experimental design to draw out the causal impact of M-RED programme. Overall, this developmental evaluation strategy is largely formative and utilization-focused to maximise the positive impact of M-RED programme. For more information, click here

Integrating Natural Disasters in Economic Modelling: Phase I and II, funded by the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway, 2010-2013. 

Total Grants: AU$ 25,000

Natural disasters cause severe damage and losses that lead to structural changes in the development trajectories of countries. One of the problems observed in this connection is the lack of knowledge about the economic impact of natural hazards prior to the occurrence of events due to the unavailability of potential scenarios of natural disasters. A reliable forecasting mechanism on the potential impacts of natural disasters on the aspects of both short-run and long-run economic consequences would help countries in designing structural as well as non-structural measures; in particular, risk transfer mechanisms in addressing the needs as a proactive approach. Hence the most important factor is to assess the damages and losses proactively and plan the development program in such a way that the vulnerability as well as the risk is reduced or eliminated.

As an effort in mainstreaming disaster risk reduction measures into the economic development process, the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) in partnership with Centre for Economic and Public Policy (CEPP), Deakin University Australia, with the financial assistance of the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), has taken up a research initiative to develop a pre-disaster loss estimation method in order to not only quantify the potential losses in various economic sectors, but also prescribe optimal policy mix for ensuring effective reallocation of available resources in the economy. For more information, click here

Identifying the Coping Strategies of the Sidr Ravaged Households in Bangladesh, funded by Social Science Research Council, Ministry of Planning, Government of Bangladesh, 2009. 

Total Grants: AU$ 1,000

Bangladesh, one of the most densely populated countries in the world, has been a land of disasters such as floods, cyclones, flash-floods, riverbank erosion, droughts, tornadoes etc. mainly due to its geographical setting and geophysical features. Situated on the tropic of Cancer and in the funnel to the North of the conically-shaped Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh is vulnerable to the frequent assaults of disasters, especially the cyclonic storms often accompanied by tidal surge in 19 Districts located along 710-kilometer long coastal belt. Recently, the super cyclone Sidr was one of the most powerful cyclones that hit Bangladesh; approximately 3,400 people were perished, 55,000 were injured, 140,000 people were affected, and assets of billions of dollars were washed away instantaneously. The have nots are hit the hardest, who suffer huge losses of human, physical and financial resources. Thus these people continue to live in the cycle of poverty. This proposed research aimed to investigate on the most effective coping strategies of households ensuing the Sidr shock. This proposed project attracted a competitive research grant from the Bangladesh Social Science Research Council, Government of Bangladesh.

Nepal Hazard Risk Assessment through Economic Loss Probability Modelling, funded by Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the World Bank, 2009-2010. 

Total Grants: AU$ 200,000

With the financial assistance of the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) of the World Bank, this project aims to conduct "Nepal Hazard Risk Assessment". In particular, the scope of this project includes collecting and analyzing existing data and reports of historical losses due to catastrophic events in Nepal, mapping the natural hazard risks for Nepal, detailing exposure to droughts, floods, landslides, earthquakes and other hazards, analyzing and quantifying the projected losses in absence of mitigation investments, and finally, identifying possible information gaps and outlining the need for further analytical work to develop a comprehensive quantitative risk assessment for Nepal. For more information, click here

School Disaster Preparedness Plan & School Safety Simulation Exercises, 2009. DIPECHO through Islamic Relief UK, 2009.  

Total Grants: AU$ 6,500

The school children, women, girls and people with special needs are highly vulnerable with natural disasters in societies where hazards and vulnerabilities of the people are at high level. Community awareness, education, technical knowledge about the DRR and participation of all segments in the DRR interventions can lead to reduce the effects and impacts of the natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes. There is need to educate and develop coping mechanism for the community groups and civil society organizations for enhancing the capacities of the most vulnerable segments of the society. Recognising the fact that community volunteers/activists, religious leaders, teachers, students and other mutual interest groups and individuals can play a very important role in reducing disaster risks, this project extends support to the Islamic Relief UK for strengthening capacity building and provision of the technical knowledge of its country staff based in Bangladesh.

Formulating the 'National Earthquake Contingency Plan' of Bangladesh, funded by the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management, Government of Bangladesh, 2008-2009.

Total Grants: AU$ 110,000

The Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP) of the Government of Bangladesh is implemented by the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management (MoFDM), and is supported by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UK Department for International Development-Bangladesh (DFID-B) and the European Commission (EC). CDMP is designed to strengthen the Bangladesh Disaster Management system, and more specifically, to achieve the paradigm shift from reactive response to a proactive risk reduction culture. CDMP seeks to raise the capacities of at-risk communities while lowering their vulnerability to specific hazards as well as to serve as a good risk management model for the region. In this context, CDMP funds the Asian Disaster Preparedness center (ADPC) to provide technical assistance and services for developing the "National Earthquake Contingency Plan" of Bangladesh.

Formulating the 'City Level Earthquake Contingency Plan' for Three Major Cities of Bangladesh, funded by the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management, Government of Bangladesh, 2008-2009.

Total Grants: AU$ 60,000

The Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP) of the Government of Bangladesh is implemented by the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management (MoFDM), and is supported by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UK Department for International Development-Bangladesh (DFID-B) and the European Commission (EC). In this context, CDMP requests the Asian Disaster Preparedness center (ADPC) to provide technical assistance and services for developing the "City Level Earthquake Contingency Plan" for three major cities (i.e., Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet) of Bangladesh.

Developing a Training Course on Earthquake Contingency Planning for the Managers of Lifelines and Utilities Providers, funded by the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management, Government of Bangladesh, 2008.

Total Grants: AU$ 25,000

A comprehensive approach of implementing priority actions on policy formulation, risk evaluation, risk reduction, capacity development and preparedness for effective emergency response can lead to a sustainable process towards safer lifelines and facilities and ultimately to the society. In the case of developing countries where old and weak infrastructures are dominant, it may not be practical to assume that all the infrastructures be retrofitted within a short period of time. In this situation, preparation of proper contingency plan, covering the prioritization of critical components for retrofitting, early recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation at national, city and agency level is the most feasible way to get prepared for the worst. With the financial assistance of the Comprehensive Disaster Management Program (CDMP), the Asian Disaster preparedness Centre (ADPC) along with National Society for Earthquake Technology-Nepal (NSET) develops a training course that support preparing the contingency plan of main lifelines and utilities providers in Bangladesh. This training course brings together the managers of different lifelines facilities and work together to make practical steps toward preparing each participant’s home institution to prepare contingency plan.