Syringa vulgaris / Sering

De sering behoort tot de familie van de olijfachtigen (Oleaceae). Veel soorten komen uit China en Korea. Onze gewone sering komt uit Zuid-Europa. Om variëteiten goed te laten bloeien en groeien worden ze geënt, geoculeerd op een onderstam van Syringa vulgaris gezet. Onderstammen worden uit zaad verkregen.

Volgens A Modern Herbal 'Used as a vermifuge in America and as a tonic anti-periodic and febrifuge; may be used as a substitute for aloes and in the treatment of malaria'.
Flowers – raw or folded into batter and fried to make fritters

Medicinal Uses vlgs Pfaff database
Antiperiodic;  Febrifuge;  Mouthwash;  Tonic;  Vermifuge.
The leaves and the fruit are antiperiodic, febrifuge, tonic and vermifuge. The bark or leaves have been chewed by children as a treatment for sore mouth.

Other Uses: Dye;  Essential;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Rootstock.
An essential oil is obtained from the flowers. Used in perfumery. A green dye is obtained from the flowers. Green and brown dyes can be obtained from the leaves[168]. A yellow-orange dye is obtained from the twigs. Plants can be grown as an informal hedge[200]. The plant is often used as a rootstock for the various ornamental cultivars of lilac. Its main disadvantage is that it can sucker very freely.

This oil has certain health benefits which are pointed out as under.
Lilac oil soothes the mind and nerves. Hence it is largely used in the healing of mental strain, anxiety, emotional stress, and depression. Its enchanting fragrance makes you feel full of life and energy and drives away worries and mental tension. In cases of those suffering from anxiety and depression, add some drops of this oil in your bathing water and soak in the tub for about half an hour. You could also inhale the vapors of lilac oil by adding a few drops in a mug of boiling water.
Lilac essential oil helps in reducing high fever. The oil is also helpful treating fever caused by malaria.
In addition to having mild analgesic and antiseptic properties, lilac essential oil possesses healing properties as well. This is therefore very useful for treating minor cuts and bruises. Its use does not leave behind scars that might have occurred due to any injury.
Lilac essential oil has its benefits in eradicating intestinal worms and is therefore greatly used for this purpose.
Lilac oil also has healing effects on the kidneys. Therefore, most aroma therapists would recommend this oil in the treatment of kidney-related ailments.
Lilac essential oil possesses exquisite aphrodisiac properties. It has the great ability to make you recover from libido loss.
While the side effects of the oil are not really known, the best this would be to always make sure with a professional aroma therapist or a doctor before you could use it, particularly given the limited information on the oil.

In European ethnopharmacology, the common lilac inflorescence or leaves in the form of an infusion or alcoholic extract were used to treat gout, rheumatism and muscle/joint aches (Fournier, 1948; Hanlidou et al., 2010; Jarić et al., 2015; Sõukand and Pieroni, 2016). In Poland, Bulgaria, Italy, and Greece, the flowers, leaves, bark, or fruits in the forms of infusions, decoctions, or alcoholic extracts were used as antipyretics and to treat cold, cough, etc. (Fournier, 1948; Kuznicka, 1986; Kuzniewski and Augustyn-Puziewicz, 1986; Anioł-Kwiatkowska et al., 1993; Leporatti and Ivancheva, 2003; Hanlidou et al., 2010). Locally, different parts of the plant are used to treat toothaches, gastrointestinal disorders, skin wounds, and other ailments (Kuznicka, 1986; Kuzniewski and Augustyn-Puziewicz, 1986; Anioł-Kwiatkowska et al., 1993; Agelet and Vallès, 2003; Hanlidou et al., 2010; Papp et al., 2014). Interestingly, in North American materia medica (pharmacognosy) textbooks, the antipyretic use of the leaves, flowers, and fruits of the common lilac was mentioned (Lyle, 1897; Remington and Woods, 1918), and native Americans used to chew the bark or leaves for treating a sore mouth (Moerman, 1998). The Asian species are also used in traditional medicine to treat bronchial disease [Syringa reticulata (Blume) H. Hara leaves], lung and heart diseases (Syringa pinnatifolia Hemsl. stem), tooth pain (Syringa vetulina Kom. Bark), and as antipyretics (Syringa afghanica C.K. Schneid. leaves) (Park et al., 1999; Takenaka et al., 2002; Machida et al., 2009; Su et al., 2016).

Scientific data supporting the traditional use of S. vulgaris are connected with its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-nociceptive and antipyretic properties (Bálinet, 1971; Tóth et al., 2015, 2016; Dudek et al., 2017). Moreover, information about the single compounds responsible for each of these activities is scarce.

The present study demonstrated that the common lilac, which has been traditionally used in Europe as a medicinal plant, is a valuable source of active compounds, especially neooleuropein, for further research regarding their use in treating inflammatory diseases that result from the excessive activation of neutrophils. The observed decreases in the production of cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-8, MCP-1, depend on the inhibition of the phosphorylation of MAP kinases.

Tóth G., Barabás C., Tóth A., Kéry Á., Béni S., Boldizsár I., et al. . (2016). Characterization of antioxidant phenolics in Syringa vulgaris L. flowers and fruits by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS. Biomed. Chromatogr. 30, 923–932. 10.1002/bmc.3630 [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Tutin T. G., Heywood V. H., Burges N. A., Moore D. M., Valentine S. M., Walters S. M., et al. (1972). Flora Europeae. London: Cambridge University Press; 3, 54. [Google Scholar]
Tóth G., Barabás C., Tóth A., Kéry Á., Béni S., Boldizsár I., et al. (2015). Phenolic profile, antioxidant and antinociceptive properties of Syringa vulgaris. Planta Med. 81:1435 10.1055/s-0035-1565418 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]