TitleSoil health food security and climate change                                                

Abstract: No where is the problem of sustaining agricultural productivity growth to meet the needs of increasing population, estimated at 1.2 b, more complex and more challenging than in India. Widespread problems of resource degradation are at the root of unsustainability. The natural resources devoted to agriculture land/soil, water and biodiversity are completely stretched. Large chunks of productive agricultural land are continuously being diverted for non agricultural uses including urban, industrial, infrastructure and other pressing developmental activities. We will need to produce more and more from a declining area under cultivation. Water availability has emerged as a most critical factor in achieving desired productivity goals. Declining water table and quality deterioration have emerged major challenges to sustainability. Problem of resources degradation are not new. They have been with us for quite some time. Vast majority of our soil resources suffer from one or another major limitation to sustained productivity. At the core of soil degradation problem is the lack of attention to, and faulty, agricultural practices contributing to decline in recycling of organic matter in soils. We have given little attention to biodiversity the very basis of healthy functioning of soil systems. Greater variability in wheather events including warming temperatures and extreme in rainfall patterns are greatly accentuating problems of resource degradation. The problems we face are wide ranging but each of them does not stand alone. They are all highly interconnected. Our approach to addressing complex and interconnected problems calls for more integrative approaches to view and find solutions as a way to achieving goals of sustained productivity growth.