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Medieval Holford

Holford (Holeford) in 1086
 
Lord in 1066: Alwold.
  • Lord in 1086: Hugh.
  • Tenant-in-chief in 1086: William of Mohun.
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     File:Domesday plaque.JPG
     

    Domesday Book (pronounced /ˈduːmzdeɪ/ or sometimes /ˈdoʊmzdeɪ/),[1][2] now held at The National Archives, Kew,in South West London, is the record of the great survey of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086. The survey was executed for William I of England (William the Conqueror): "While spending the Christmas time of 1085 in Gloucester, William had deep speech with his counsellors and sent men all over England to each shire to find out what or how much each landholder had in land and livestock, and what it was worth" (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle).

    One of the main purposes of the survey was to determine who held what and what taxes had been liable under Edward the Confessor; the judgment of the Domesday assessors was final—whatever the book said about who held the material wealth or what it was worth, was the law, and there was no appeal. It was written in Latin, although there were some vernacular words inserted for native terms with no previous Latin equivalent, and the text was highly abbreviated. Richard FitzNigel, writing around the year 1179, stated that the book was known by the English as "Domesday", that is the Day of Judgment "for as the sentence of that strict and terrible last account cannot be evaded by any skilful subterfuge, so when this book is appealed to ... its sentence cannot be put quashed or set aside with impunity. That is why we have called the book 'the Book of Judgment' ... because its decisions, like those of the Last Judgment, are unalterable."[3]

    Domesday Book consists of two volumes compiled in 1086: a parchment folio, Great Domesday Book, and a vellum quarto, Little Domesday Book, which are kept in the Public Record Office. It is the first and most important Public Record, and it has never been out of official custody. It is the report of a royal commission ordered by William the Conqueror to conduct a stocktaking survey of the great Anglo-Norman feudal estates of his realm of England as they stood 20 years after the Conquest: a report based on the corroborative evidence of six villagers, the priest and the steward from each village in England, sworn and recorded and reported to the Anglo-Norman Royal Exchequer through the Anglo-Saxon local government system of Hundred and Shire Courts.

    In August 2006 a limited online version of Domesday Book was made available by the United Kingdom's National Archives, charging users £2 per page to view the manuscript. In 2011, the Domesday Map site made the manuscript freely available for the first time.[4]

     

    Holford in the Domesday Book

    Whole page from Domesday Book. Holford (Holeford) is top right - click on image to enlarge

    Courtesy of Wikipedia

    Domesday Book Links

    Holford in the Doomsday Book
     

    Domesday book: a complete translation from Google Books

    Domesday Book is one of the most famous documents in English history - and arguably, in world history. Now available in one volume, it is the complete, authoritative translation from the original Latin of Domesday Book, together with an index of places and a glossary of terms used. Domesday was compiled in a matter of months in 1086, at the end of William the Conqueror's life. According to a first-hand account by Robert, Bishop of Hereford, those sent out by the king '. . .made a survey of all England; of the lands in each of the countries; of the possessions of each of the magnates, their lands, their habitations, their men'.The detailed picture of the English landscape it offers has no equal in any country, while it is valuable not only in the picture it allows local historians to construct of their area in the eleventh century but also as the foundation document of the national archives.
     
     

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