Terminology

JAPANESE TO ENGLISH CONVERSION
GENERAL TERMINOLOGY


COUNTING :
1. ICHI : ONE
2. NI : TWO
3. SAN : THREE
4. SHI/YON : FOUR
5. GO : FIVE
6. ROKU : SIX
7. NANA/SHICHI : SEVEN
8. HACHI : EIGHT
9. KU : NINE 10. JU : TEN
11. JUICHI : ELEVEN
12. JU NI :TWELVE ... ONWARDS
20. NIJU : TWENTY
30. SANJU : THIRTY
40. YOUNJU : FORTY
50. GOJU : FIFTY
60. ROKUJU : SIXTY
70. SHICHIJU : SEVENTY
80. HACHIJU : EIGHTY
90. KUJU : NINETY
100. HYAKU : HUNDRED
GENERAL TERMS :  
1. ONEGAI SHIMAS : PLEASE TEACH ME
2. SEIZA : KNEEL
3. SENSEI NI REI : BOW TO TEACHER
4. OTGAI NI REI : BOW TO ALL
5. KIRITS : STAND JUMP INTO ATTENTION STANCE
6. DOJO :TRAINING PLACE
7. SENSEI : TEACHER
8. DAI – SENSEI : GRAND MASTER
9. KARATE – DO : WAY OF THE EMPTY HAND
10. YOI : READY
11. YAME : STOP IMMEDIATELY
12. SHIN KOKYU : LESS BREATHE (IN FUDO DACHI)
13. CORYNASHI : FROM START TO FINISH IN OWN TIME
14. MAWATTE : TURN
15. HIDARI : LEFT
16. MIGI : RIGHT
17. HAJIME : START
18. WAZA ARI : WINNER
19. JOGAI :OUTSIDE COMPETTION AREA
20. WAZA ARI : HALF POINT
21. IPPON : FULL POINT
22. SHIRO : WHITE
23. AKA : RED
24. SHUSHIN : REFEREE
25. FUKUSHIN : JUDGE
26. KANSA : ARBITRATOR
27. SHOBU SANBON HAJIME : START THE EXTENDED OUT
28. SHOBU HAJIME : START THE EXTENDED BOUT
29. MOTO NO ICHI : ORIGINAL POSITION
30. TSUZUKETE : FIGHT ON
31. TSUZUKETE HAJIME : RESUME FIGHTING – BEGIN !
32. SHUGO : JUDGES CALLED (GATHER or MEET)
33. HANTEI : JUDGEMENT
34. KIKIWAKE : DRAW
35. TORIMASEN : UNACCEPTABLE AS SCORING TECHNIQUE
36. AIUCHI : SIMULTANEOUS SCORING TECHNIQUES
37. ATENAI YONI : WARNING WITHOUT PENALTY
38. KEIKOKU : WARNING WITH WAZA-ARI PENALTY
39. HANSOKU : FOUL
40. HANSOKU – CHUI : WARNING WITHIN IPPON PENALTY
41. JOGAI –KEIKOKU : SECOND EXIT FORM FIGHTING AREA WAZA-ARI PENALTY IS GIVEN TO THE OPPONENT
42. JOGAI HANSOKU – CHUI : THIRD EXIT FROM FIGHTING AREA , REFEREE ANNOUNCES VICTORY TO THE OPPONENT.
43. JOGAI – HANSOKU : FOURTH & FINAL EXIT FROM FIGHTING AREA, REFEREE ANNOUNCES VICTORY TO THE OPPONENT
44. SHIKKAKU : DISQUALIFICATION
46. KIKEN : RENUNCIATION 47. MUBOBI : WARNING FOR LACK OF REGARD FOR ONES OWN SAFETY
48. MUBOBI – KEIKOKU : WARNING WITH WAZA-ARI PENALTY
49. GI (KARATE GI) : KARATE UNIFORM
50. OBI : BELT
51. BUNKAI : DECOMPOSITION OF MOVES FOR KATA APPLICATION
52. DOMO ARIGATO GOZAI MASHITA :THANK YOU VERY MUCH



GENERAL TERMS IN DOJO :
1. SEMPAI : SENIOR
2. KOOHAI : JUNIOR
3. KARATEKA : KARATE STUDENT
4. OUGHS : WISHING – GREETING – HELLO
5. REI : BOW
6. KUN BAAN WAA : BOW TO THE DOJO AT THE ENTRANCE
7. SHOMEIN NI REI : BOW TO THE DOJO–ALTER–WHERE USUALLY GRAND MASTER SITS AND KARATE FOREFATHERS PORTRAITS IS DISPLAYED
8. SENPAI NI REI : BOW TO THE SENIOR
9. MOKUSO : CLOSE THE EYES (FOR MEDITATION)
10. MOKUSO YAMATE : OPEN THE EYES
11. NAWTTE : FINISH OR STOP
12. THUTS : GET UP
13. KAMATEE : GET READY FOR ACTION
14. KIAI : SHOUT
15. SHITO-RESHI MAAS: EXCUSE ME FROM THE DOJO
16. TAMESHIWARI : BREAKING
17. MAE : FRONT
18. YOKO : SIDE
19. USHIRO : BACK
20. JODAN : UPPER
21. GEDAN : LOWER
22. TOBI : JUMP
23. HAIMAWATTE : TURN TO THE BACK
24. HAYAME : RELAX
25. BRENZOKU WAZE : COMBINATION TECHNIQUES
26. TAISABAKI : SIDE STEPPING
27. KIHONS : BASICS
28. MAKIWARE STRIKING BOARD USED FOR CONDITIONING HANDS AND LEGS, ALSO FOR TARGET PRACTICES.
29. KATA : PER-ARRANGED DEFENSE AND OFFENCE TECHNICAL MOVEMENTS IN A SEQUENCES, COMPOSED BY GRAND MASTER OF KARATE.
30. KYUJUTSU : BOW AND ARROW TECHNIQUE
31. BAJUTSU: HORSEMANSHIP
32. KENJUTSU : HORSEMANSHIP
33. SOJUTSU : SPEAR TECHNIQUE 34. NAGINATE JUTSU : HALF BEND TECHNIQUE
35. SOMU (SOMAI) : BASIC FORM OF UNCLAD GRAPPLING
36. KUMI UCHI : FROM OF ARMOUR GRAPPLING
37. GNEKETSU : ASSAULTING VITAL POINTS
38. JUJUTSU : ENCOUNTER WITH MINIMUM USE OF WEAPON
39. UCHI NE : THROWING OF ARROW BY HAND
40. IQI JU5WU : SWORDSMANSHIP (DEFENSIVE)
41. SHURIKEN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE OF THROWING SMALL BALADED WEAPONS
42. PUK BARI : A TECHNIQUE OF THROWING SMALL NEEDLES BY MOUTH
43. GEKIGAN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING BALL AND CHAIN
44. CHIGIRI KI JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING BALL AND CHAIN ATTACHED TO A SHORT STICK
45. JUTTO JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING SHORT METAL TRUNCHEON.
46. TESSEN JUTSU : A TECHNIQUE USING THE IRON HANDFAN.
47. BOJUTSU : STAFF ART
48. JOJUTSU : STICK ART
49. SODEGARAMI JUTUS : A TECHNIQUE EMPLOYING A CHAIN BALL SICKLE WEAPON
50. SODEGARAMI JUTSU : A TECHNIQUR EMPLOYING A BARBED POLE TO UNDNARE THE VICTIM
POSITIONS/STANCES :- “TACHI”  
1. HEISOKU DACHI : CLOSED FEET STANCE
2. MUSUBI DACHI : KNOT- SHAPED/”V”SHAPED STANCE
3. HEIKO DACHI : PARALLEL STANCE
4. SHIZEN DACHI : NATURAL STANCE
5. SHIZEN DACHI HEIKO : NATURAL STANCE BUT FEET PARALLEL
6. SHIZEN DACHI DAI : WIDE NATURAL STANCE
7. KIBA DACHI : STRADDLE STANCE
8. SHIKO DACHI : HORSE-RIDING STANCE
9. KIHON DACHI : STANCE FROM WHICH MOST BASIS TECHNIQUES ARE PERFORMED
10. ZENKUTSU DACHI : STANCE FROM WHICH MOST BASIC TECHNIQUES ARE PERFORMED
11. ZENKUTSU DACHI : LONG FORWARD STANCE
12. SOKKUTSU DACHI : AS ‘10’ BUT FACING SIDE WARDS
13. KOKUTSU DACHI : AS ‘10’ BUT FACING BACKWARDS
14. RENOJI DACHI : AS ‘10’ BUT BOTH LEGS ON A STRAIGHT LINE.
15. FUDO DACHI : AS ‘9’ BUT AT 45 DEGREE ANGLE
16. SANSHIN DACHI THREE BATTLE STANCE, I.E. DAME WIDTH AS ‘5’ BUT ONE FOOT SLIGHTLY ADVANCED, FEET TURNED IN & GROING PROTECTED.
17. NEKO-ASHI- DACHI : CAT-FOOT STANCE, I.E. WEIGHT 70% OVER BACK LEG & 30 % OVER FRONT LED
18. KOSA DACHI : CROSSED LEGGED STANCE
19. SAGIASHI DACHI : ONE LEGGED CRANE STANCE
20. AYUMI DACHI : WALKING STANCE
21. NAIHANCHIN DACHI : HIGH STRADDLE STANCE
22. ‘T’ SHAPED STANCE 23. UCHI – HACHI – JI DACHI : PIGEON STANCE
BLOCKS “UKE”  
1. JODAN AGE UKE : RISING HEAD BLOCK
2. TENSHIN JODAN UKE : EVASIONARY HEAD BLOCK
3. CHUDAN UCHI UKE : INNER MIDDLE LEVEL BLOCK
4. CHUDAN SOTO UKE : OUTER MIDDLE LEVEL BLOCK
5. GEDAN BARAI : DOWNWARD SWEEP BLOCK
6. THENSHIN GEDAN UKE : EVASIONARY LOWER LEVEL BLOCK
7. TETTSUI OTOSHI UKE : DESCENDING HAMMER FIST BLOCK
8. MOROTE UKE : AUGMENTED FOREARM BLOCK
9. SHUTO UKE : KNIFE/SWORD HAND BLOCK
10. EMBI UKE : ELBOW BLOCK
11. KAKE TE UKE NAGASHI : HOOK & SWEEP BLOCK (NAHA – TE)
12. TENSHIN CHDAN UKE : EVASIONARY MIDDLE LEVEL BLOCK
13. HAISHU UKE (URATE UKE) : BACK HAND BLOCK
14. YAMA UKE : MOUNTAIN SHAPED BLOCK
15. UDE UKE : FOREARM BLOCK
16. SUKUI UKE : SCCOPING BLOCK
17. KAKUTO UKE : ARCHER PALM BLOCK
18. KAKUTO UKE : CRANE HEAD BLOCK
19. JUJI UKE : ARCHER PALM BLOCK
20. TENSHO UKE : PALM HEEL BLOCK
21. JUJI UKE : ‘X’ BLOCK
22. NAGASHI UKE : SWEEPING BLOCK
23. OSAE UKE : PRESS BLOCK
24. KAKE WAKE UKE : SEPARATING BLOCK
25. AWASE UKE : JOINED HAND BLOCK
26. SEIRYUTO UKE : JOINED HAND BLOCK
27. KO UKE : ARCH BLOCK
28. CHO UKE : BUTTERFLY BLOCK
29. SOE UKE : UNION BLOCK
30. KAKE UKE : HOOKING BLOCK
STRIKES/PUNCHES (UCHI/TSUKI)  
1. SEIKEN ZUKI : FOREFIST PUNCH
2. TATEKEN ZUKI : INVERTED FIST PUNCH
3. GYAKU ZUKI : REVERSE PUNCH
4. OI ZUKI : LOUNGE PUNCH
5. TETTSUI UCHI : HAMMER/BOTTOM FIST STRIKE
6. SEIRYUTO UCHI : PALM EDGE STRIKE
7. MAEKEN ZUKI : FRONT FIST PUNCH
8. URAKEN UCHI : BACK FIST STRIKE
9. HIRAKEN ZUKI : ANGULAR KNUCKLE PUNCH
10. YONHON UNKITE ZUKI : FOUR FINGER SPEARDHAND
11. TSUKI AGE : RISING PUNCH
12. FURI UCHI : FLARE STRIKE
13. SHUTO UCHI : KNIFE/SWORD HAND STRIKE
14. KAITEN ZUKI : SINNING PUNCH
15. MAWASHI ZUKI : ROUNG – HOUSE PUNCH
16. KAGI ZUKI : HOOK PUNCH
17. HAITO UCHI : RIDGE HAND STRIKE
18. TENSHHO UCHI : PALM HEEL STRIKE
19. KIN (TEKI) UCHI : GROIN STRIKE
20. KAIKO KEN ZUKI : OPEN KNUCKLE PUNCH
21. NAKADAKA IPPON KEN : SINGLE MIDDLE KNUCKLE
22. IPPON KEN : SINGLE KNUCKLE
23. HAISHU UCHI (URATE UCHI): BACK HAND STRIKE HIZA/EMBI WAZA
(KNEE/KLBOW TECHNIQUES)  
1. MAE AGE HIZA GERI : FRONT RISING KNEE KICKM
2. MAWASHI HIZA GERI : ROUND – HOUSE KNEE KICK
3. MAE AGE EMBI : FRONT RISING BLOW STRIKE
4. USHIRO EMBI : REAR ELBOW STRIKE
5. OTOSHI EMBI : DESCENDING ELBOW STRIKE
6. YOKO EMBI : SIDE ELBOW STRIKE
7. MAWASHI EMBI : ROUND – HOUSE ELBOW STRIKE
8. MOROTE EMBI : DOUBLE ELBOW
STRIKE KICKS (GERI)  
1. MAE GERI : FRONT KICK
2. KIN (TEKI) GERI : GROIN KICK
3. JUNGERI : LEADING LEG KICK
4. MAWASHI GERI : ROUND – HOUSE KICK
5. GYAKU MAWASHI GERI : INNER/REVERSE ROUND HOUSE KICK
6. URM MAWASHI GERI : BACK ROUND HOUSE KICK i.e. THROUGHT 180 DEGREES
7. KANSETSU GERI : STAMPING KICK (USUALLY TO KNEE JOINT)
8. SURI KOMI GERI : ONE STEP KICKS
9. USHIRO GERI : BACK KICK
10. YOKO GERI : SIDE KICK
11. MIKA ZUKI GERI : CRESCENT KICK
12. USHIRO MAWASHI GERI : SPINNING BACK ROUND HOUSE KICK
13. KAITEN GERI : SPINNING KICK WITH KICKING LEG STRIGHT
14. KAKATO GERI : HEEL OF FOOT KICK
15. KE AGE GERI : SNAP KICK
16. KEKOMI GERI : THRUST KICK
17. TOBI GERI : FLYING KICK
THE TEN ELEMENTS OF “KATA”  
1. YOI NO KISIN : PREPARATION OF THE MIND PRIOR TO PERFORMING THE KATA
2. INYO KEEPING IN MIND BOTH ATTACK AND DEFENSE
3. CHIKARA NO KYOJAKU : AWARENESS OF THE DIFFERING DEGREES OF POWER REQUIRED FOR EACH MOVE/POSITION
4. WAZA NO KANKYU : AWARNESS OF THE SPEED REQUIREMENTS FOR EACH MOVEMENT
5. KOKYU : CORRECT BREATHING
6. CHAKUGAN : CORRECT BREATHING
7. CHAKUGAN : ACCURACY AND THE TARGET AREAS
8. KIAI : SOUTHING TO DEMONSTRATE THE MARTIAL SPIRIT
9. KEITAI NOHOJI : CORRECT POSITION/STANCES
10. ZANSHIN : AWARENESS/REMAINING ON GUARD

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