Peace psychology

See FILES below for

PSM 2: Psychology, Society and Modelling, No. 2
Draft: October/November? 2018 No. 2

Traits: heredity v environment
Walter Mischel, 1930-2018
Trait v situation … Mischel
Delayed gratification … Mischel
Trait v situation … personality and peace, Blumberg
The Trump carnival: popular appeal in the age of misinformation
New York After 9/11 Susan Opotov’s new book
Peace psychology at the CRS 2018 conference
Slides and papers from the panel:
Value Development Trajectories and Political Engagement in Mid‑ Adulthood: Evidence from a Three‑Decade Longitudinal Study of Peace Movement Sympathizers and Activists
Transformative spaces-and-limits-of psychosocial interventions? Engaging Syrian refugee men and Lebanese host community men for GBV and child protection
Some of us will make it – Post Conflict Transition Scenarios

PSM 1: Psychology, Society and Modelling, February 2017

https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxnb3Jkb25idXJ0bWF0aHNvY3NjaXxneDoyNDk1YmUxZmQ2Y2ZhOWIw


September 17-18, 2018.CRS conference, Birmingham University, UK

http://conflictresearchsociety.org/memberships/birmingham-2018-registration/

Peace Psychology (panel 1 of 2)

Co‑chairs: Herbert H. Blumberg, Julie Lloyd, Gordon Burt.

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                An ultra‑brief introduction to peace psychology and current developments.

                Herbert H. Blumberg <h.blumberg@gold.ac.uk>, Goldsmiths College, University of London

                Abstract: Provides a quick summary of some basic paradigms (such as Christie‑Wagner‑Winter's 2x2 organisation of the field) and a few highlights of recent work within psychology and its interface with other disciplines.

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                The inclusionary transition from postwar conflict to peace and justice ‑ A social psychological perspective

                Susan Opotow <sopotow@jjay.cuny.edu>, John Jay College of Criminal Justice and The Graduate Center, City University of New York

                Abstract: How do societies change in an inclusionary direction from war and normalized injustice to peace?  This talk, grounded in social psychological theory on conflict and justice and in historical research on several post war periods, traces the postwar inclusionary trajectory.  It first discusses the substantial challenges that hinder progress toward peace, including backlash and backsliding toward a prior unjust and exclusionary status quo.

                It then discusses the processes, drivers, and actors involved in peaceful transitions, proposing that three kinds of justice ‑‑ distributive, procedural, and inclusionary ‑ offer a useful framework analyzing postwar change as the interaction of process, outcome, and participation. It concludes by envisioning the postwar transition to peace as a period that can successfully initiate, achieve, and sustain structural changes across key societal spheres.

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                Value Development Trajectories and Political Engagement in Mid‑ Adulthood: Evidence from a Three‑Decade Longitudinal Study of Peace Movement Sympathizers and Activists

                Adrian Stanciu <Adrian.stanciu@uni‑vechta.de>, Vechta University, Institute for Gerontology And Jacobs University Bremen, Psychology and Methods

                Oscar Smallenbroeck, European University Institute, Florence, Social and Political Science

                Regina Arant, Jacobs University Bremen, Psychology and Methods

                Klaus Boehnke, Jacobs University Bremen, Psychology and Methods And National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow

                Abstract: There is insufficient evidence in the literature regarding the causal mechanisms of what factors in individuals' early socialization drive them to politically disengage or engage in later life/adulthood. The authors theorize that the early socialization climate shapes young adults' values development trajectories, which can in turn predict their political engagement later in life. The authors use a unique longitudinal data set (N=243), for which youngsters (aged, M=13.86, SD=2.30) born in West Germany in the early 1970s have been surveyed 10 times between 1985 (in the context of an imminent nuclear threat) and 2017. With measurement waves interspersed by 3 1/2 years each. The authors examined whether socio‑economic factors in individuals' younger age (Wave 1) predicted the level and developmental trajectories of their preferences for Universalism, Security, and Hedonism values (Wave 5‑9) from early‑average age 28‑to mid‑adulthood‑age 42‑ and whether this had in part shaped their decision to politically engage or disengage during the most recent refugee influx in Germany (Wave 10). Results of Latent Class Growth Curve analyses confirm the expectations and moreover show at least two typologies of value development trajectories, namely a stable high trend and a linear upward trend. The findings contribute to further elaborating the developmental perspective to political participation.

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                Peace Psychology (panel 2 of 2)

                Co‑chairs: same as for panel 1

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                Adolescents and Peace: The case of Syrian refugees in Lebanon

                Angela Veale <A.Veale@ucc.ie> & Shelbi Macken, School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork.

                Abstract: Of 1,048,275 registered Syrian refugees in Lebanon as of March 2016, 79% are women and children. The breakdown of traditional gender roles and status that follows conflict put girls and women at particular risk for sexual and gender based violence before, during, post flight(Buscher, 2006; Charles & Denman, 2013; UNHCR, 2006). These protection risks tend to be cyclical as girls and women in displaced communities often self‑isolate or are hidden away resulting in inability to access protection and services needed to thrive (UNHCR, 2006). There is a dearth of research evidence that highlights the impact of conflict on Syrian refugee adolescent girls and young women (in particular single young women's)daily experiences in Lebanon and the region (Alexander, Arnett, & Jena, 2017; Charles & Denman, 2013). This presentation reviews the literature on how the conflict is interacting with adolescent girls' developmental trajectories and describes new research being undertaken in Lebanon that will use participatory methodologies from peace psychology (Seedat, Suffla & Christie, 2017) to engage with Syrian adolescent girls, young women and their families and communities in Lebanon about the impact of displacement. It utilizes a systems framework to analyze the existing research literature to integrate an understanding both of episodes and structures of violence (Christie, 2006) and local strategies of adaptive coping. It identifies gaps in current knowledge and argues for the need for emancipatory, participatory research to meaningfully engage with protection risks and responses.

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                The story of suffering: why we forgive

                Masi Noor <m.noor@keele.ac.uk>, School of Psychology, Keele University

                Abstract: The concept of intergroup forgiveness has gained a research momentum. Here, I examine its utility as a viable conflict resolution strategy. After advancing a more refined definition of intergroup forgiveness than had been previously proposed by researchers, I review research testing the efficacy of social psychological interventions aimed at fostering forgiveness between historical as well as ongoing adversarial groups. While several interventions based on social identity processes and the re‑ categorization of the victimhood category seem to offer potential promise for increasing forgiveness, some research also highlights that forgiveness may come at the cost of suppressing motivation to seek justice and demand restitution. The conclusion reminds that while forgiveness is not a panacea for resolving intergroup conflict, it may offer one of the rare strategies for curtailing the impulse for revenge and thus reducing conflict escalation.

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                Some of us will make it ‑ transition psychology and post conflict transition scenarios

                David (Dai) Williams eosuk@btinternet.com, EOS Life-Work Career Services

                Abstract: 1) Transition psychology suggests some frameworks for tracking individual and collective changes, and for identifying enabling and inhibiting factors during periods of transition. Transition awareness may enable tolerance and support for individuals and communities in transition. Our past experiences of typical phases and features of transition, and of potential hazards and opportunities, may offer some new insights for anticipating a range of transition scenarios and recovery timescales in post‑conflict communities.

                2) In the context of post‑conflict transitions, peace building is a much sought after process. There may be some new insights for anticipating and nurturing opportunities for change and transformation in awareness of transition psychology. Our intrapersonal transitions may give clues to collective transition behaviour.

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ĉ
Gordon Burt,
24 Oct 2018, 03:41
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Gordon Burt,
4 Oct 2018, 01:56
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Gordon Burt,
7 Oct 2018, 01:32
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Gordon Burt,
8 Oct 2018, 04:30
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