Balanites roxburghii


   
Most of the links at Balanites talks of only one species.
Further efloras does not list any Balanites species.
WCSP gives distribution of Balanites roxburghii Planch. only in India, but it does not give any distribution of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile in India.
In view I am taking all posts so far in efi on Balanites from India as Balanites roxburghii Planch.
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23072011-BS-2- a shrub for ID from Kunjpura Karnal Haryana : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (10).
pls id this Shrub
From Kunjpura Karnal road side area. Wild
About 5-6 ft high. no flowers could be seen. Leaves slightly leathery. Fruit about 2-3 cm long. Stem Thorny
Some of pics were taken at home as card was full there and i brought a twig of the plant at home to get more shots
Balanites aegyptiaca ?
Yes I think id provided by ... is right. Toady (31.8.14) near Karnal we found a medium size tree of this sp with fruits. attaching images of that also
Very nice, after you told us what it was I googled it... found this is a very interesting, all round tree all of its parts are useful...
Yes ... Important Medicinal Plant
Today I tried to solve the puzzle and it appears that the attached plant is Balanites roxburghii. The plant was found in the area from where it was collected by Drummond in 1885. I am attaching the some pages from the following reference
The Desert Date and Its Relatives: A Revision of the Genus Balanites Author(s): Martin J. S. Sands Source: Kew Bulletin,Vol. 56, No. 1 (2001), pp. 1-128
Attachments (2)- 1 MB each.

Thanks, ... Pages in the attachments are inverted. Is it possible to send them in normal position ?
 

It is my pleasure to share few images of Balanites roxburghii (Zygophyllaceae 

Habit: Small tree 

Habitat: Scrub forest 

Sighting: Tumkur 

Date: 18-11-2014, 27-01-2015 and 15-03-2015 


 
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Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile, 1812
Syn. Ximenia aegyptiaca L.
Picture taken near Jodhpur  (Rajasthan)
Balanites aegyptiaca is a species of tree, classified either as a member of the Zygophyllaceae or the Balanitaceae.
This tree is native to much of Africa and parts of the Middle East. This is one of the most common trees in Senegal.
It can be found in many kinds of habitat, tolerating a wide variety of soil types, from sand to heavy clay, and climatic moisture levels, from arid to subhumid. It is relatively tolerant of flooding, livestock activity, and wildfire.
The yellow, single-seeded fruit is edible, but bitter. Many parts of the plant are used asfamine foods in Africa; the leaves are eaten raw or cooked, the oily seed is boiled to make it less bitter and eaten mixed with sorghum, and the flowers can be eaten.The tree is considered valuable in arid regions because it produces fruit even in dry times. The fruit can be fermented for alcoholic beverages.
[Information compiled from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balanites_aegyptiaca]

 
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23072011-BS-2- a shrub for ID from Kunjpura Karnal Haryana: pls id this Shrub
From Kunjpura Karnal road side area. Wild About 5-6 ft high. no flowers could be seen. Leaves slightly leathery. Fruit about 2-3 cm long. Stem Thorny
Some of pics were taken at home as card was full there and i brought a twig of the plant at home to get more shots 
Yes I think id provided by ...  is right. Toady near Karnal we found a medium size tree of this sp with fruits. attaching images of that also
Very nice,  after you told us what it was  I googled it... found this is a very interesting, all round tree all of its parts are useful... 
Yes ... Important Medicinal Plant 
 
 
 
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Id Please: 061111CR01:  Please identify
Date: 06/11/11
Location: Kawdi, Pune
This is Balanites aegyptiaca.


 
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Shrub for ID: SPC-021 : 23-09-12 : Baroda: Please help to identify this shrub growing wild in a dry region (Baroda). The stem is green and covered with fine, smooth white hair. Leaves are in pairs of two placed right below the spine. Leaf size 1.5 - 2 cms. Spines much longer and diverging in different directions.
Could this be an important ayurvedic plant called akantaka ..
also known as Balanites aegyptiaca ???
the leaves and arrangement of the thorns remind me of this originally african plant...
It is indeed Balanites aegyptiaca. Thanks again.
Yes Balanites aegyptiaca
 
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Balanites aegyptiaca Del : Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.
Balanites aegyptiaca Del. Fam: Balanitaceae
Altitude 850m
Marsur near Chandapura, Bengaluru Urban, Karnataka
small tree near railway track
Fruit used in medicine
Hingote
Thanks ... this is occasional in our area, several times found in fruiting condition, yet to find flowers which are very beautiful..
 
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Tree for ID from Karnal 27052014GS1 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Tree photographed from Karnal in September,
Please help in ID
It somewhat looks like Balanites aegyptiaca (?)
I agree with ...
Thanks a lot ....
Now a problem. I got B. roxburghii as suggestion on Indian Flora Facebook. The Plant List treats B. aegyptiaca and B. roxburghii as two distinct species. It would be interesting to know differences. Some sources treat them synonyms.
Thanks, ..., for this important issue.
More details at Balanites
Thanks .... This is what I could gather from this book
Balanites aegyptiaca: Evergreen tree, fluted trunk, slow growing rounded crown; long straight green spines spirally arranged on branches; smooth bark fissured, leaves with two grey-green leaflets; flowers yellow-green in clusters; fruits yellow, date-like; seed very hard, pointed, surrounded by bittersweet flesh; ripe fruit edible, young leaves and tender shoots used as vegetable. Indian names: Akantaka, hanchadi, garacheti, hingot, hingora
B. roxburghii: shrub with stout axillary spines; alternate leaves; small greenish white flowers. Indian
names: Dirghakanta, hingoloro, hingaata, hinganbet
Perhaps ... known where we had photographed this to confirm whether it was a tree or shrub and colour of flowers


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8aa29cf8a071d6bf/Shrub%20with%20branched%20spines%202.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE8JM8zPEiaJgZqBNcGVulk0olre-N9W9jyKos6K1K6eib4vEyg7gjP1_YENvK7MiVAga1M5Ay97TbCsRARiAgfiTOFiy8jV0lPfHZXlwlxDeWBDQU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8aa29cf8a071d6bf/Shrub%20with%20branched%20spines%204.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE2VemeC1NzX1cHzOhrkJJhRG0cadTZb1rJSTxHGXWdnjqPCPJ6eguHkjf2iflfh-IRj1F0gxqBncgFw7TCuMbuamiHSzF72sVxZn4YvbdA_mX21Us
ARJUL38 Spiny Shrub for ID : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
I hoped that since the spines are branched on this plant, identity could be ascertained without flowers or fruits
Bangalore
20th July
This looks like a species of Balanites.
A guess...Balanites??
Yes ... sir. Forgot to reply. This is a Balanites.
only species in efi so far Balanites aegyptiaca
As per efi thread:
The Plant List treats B. aegyptiaca and B. roxburghii as two distinct species. It would be interesting to know differences. Some sources treat them synonyms.
Thanks, ..., for this important issue. Pl. see CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names ... By Umberto Quattrocchi (2012).
More details at Balanites
Balanites aegyptiaca: Evergreen tree, fluted trunk, slow growing rounded crown; long straight green spines spirally arranged on branches; smooth bark fissured, leaves with two grey-green leaflets; flowers yellow-green in clusters; fruits yellow, date-like; seed very hard, pointed, surrounded by bittersweet flesh; ripe fruit edible, young leaves and tender shoots used as vegetable. Indian names: Akantaka, hanchadi, garacheti, hingot, hingora
B. roxburghii: shrub with stout axillary spines; alternate leaves; small greenish white flowers. Indian
names: Dirghakanta, hingoloro, hingaata, hinganbet
I think as per these keys, it should be Balanites aegyptiaca only.
Yes, thank you very much 
Pl. see Balanites roxburghii in ... posting with published literature in another thread
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/DSC_0041.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHPjI0390Hh7bD_OFLFj9T1DoCpInBJVAR9K1Zqn07Zowo1iZG4LKHL_I7Ou3oEIw2Q4rP5krewybDootZL0GdR9Zripv0fgw8pKQFnq2b6iggIGHM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/DSC_0042.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEqI0xAVhwoWvD1viF3Rzd8NqYm6Xp_D0BTKzYk7yrQN9P_LfhYnqn3WHNtIN9_bmK-uHiy9ZabQqemrBWG82iRSILbLr4Nl6bthepAwiyOOCiOLtk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/DSC_0044.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH1L8iVo-DLMk5_GLlcEPRwbc48cPPC6JisqXBvYTaq9kPE5DLJTvj0KLyL7_Cw6mWRr8ID7-Sd5R-Cy23EuFgyHh53yJRh4X_w6P5JzPJqXCMpoyg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/DSC_0047.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEPunjD0lWLp2cD1E-3Zy9Dlg86xHqA-nOxm0MfTKtn99nh5jYl-PY6mCuJHaTB62phE-wpPKkTilRhyzRBTEwLH3BKUomsVJUkNnZSt8-EkH5hhTY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/DSC_0110.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGJh7aIxrhoPHDVB2K1v4hwcQCYv2a16HYcxJcscxtysjXIxNk2eG2bWoenir7XUCxqmjG7eAMpL51e2VVsuhaZASVT1qxAiacWGOpFce_8Vv9qBu8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/Balanites%20aegyptiaca%202.JPG?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFRyRZM53lkCiWGMWDD1jYgpFfDgwDAMz1qcdfXZCd72iXIySaIqgdDWSrmWGUGmfp4Vfq-xx72rbRkuNfhFLNnn7DsZYD4mSEba0_xuH5_IDEEM1I
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/Balanites%20aegyptiaca%203.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEtOI2bsEgq_yVdAcLf2tN5gs1wlW7Cr5oBjRI10L-wWpJamABRL61xWkp-5eKfnkn0FK7zylO6b_yp-h2QFZJfgD7odutC_0NxkyFV0h-EBB3sSgg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/Balanites%20aegyptiaca%201.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF_AxpPt56fUVEmO0V-eoiicrrIfpDGjhRr4SZi35hfngrdlbs9wM5KFDw0r4SJEYWKMiLxJ6q6gOFgHHenWseectoCdaZQz4Do6RVz95FgyQ0t2N4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4bc179c3d594d1d7/DSC_0048.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG0AYU_74Fx-vVezFLT0JD-O5ElLqdxd-btlSxezAVZHlQ4IHJ7_sfP6yPogbyAPu9QefMfL5YFrReZmcI-F-jpOOb3wHA_DL9bMEtXuHcD0vOr6Jc
ANMAR23/44 Balanites aegyptiaca : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9) 
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Date: 16th March 2015
Place: Bangalore University, Bangalore
Habit: Short tree
Looking nice with fresh flowers
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/104dfa754f6108/170415SP4.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFcIuun1aouMAmMTBicxKXlTRX4vqcYobJtpSPA81Mn9aEumOexvAN2L4KTV8B2OecxzOumWGB-uWDdrVKmG29mEOpeQsY_DSK7U3lecv6A5nrSGJI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/104dfa754f6108/170415SP3.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGnFA2x7UjPFNWwWzx1JUGdFkR4QVUdCxljpmEk-oufZ_WJ-B_LWdjOxVSup-VmqZZrvtMnlxmzW5NTSjvYYgJwZaemoGjGg6gz43fPbLMafBWO8us
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/104dfa754f6108/170415SP2.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGfN5-FRbSU6SScinnJdiosFobV9ljgMbh1lSDHg1ZfPuIq61VivZxWMmXRO5PQCKQ99LRBBRFUAykx5C1uLfWwWlMtXN2MxCb3o5x8n1U-ndg0qAo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/104dfa754f6108/170415SP1.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEtNOOZCmxw7havqrnmg0xSzHLCrGippYpNuMFx3_PtOF3shhgWZPRqruV3OOUPcQv7IOr3sRfMC5ap2gsO4DMpeeXjqHqnmaNWPZhnPcsn5MuSl2A
Need id assistance for JNU plant 170415SP1-4: 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
I need id assistance for following images collected from JNU New campus
Date: 17/04/2015
Locality: JNU New Campus

Habit: Shrub, scandent beset with spines throughout stem

Balanites sp.
Balanites species in efi so far:  Balanites aegyptiaca & Balanites roxburghii
Yes it is Balanites aegyptiaca only, the bifoliate leaves prove the identity.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5bfd2f6376e2e/5-konanakaval_20150315_161130%20(22).jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGelvdcQH5QisV92C_5X61F-8r2yDIXNjyBn1Ys87JwE7GyTUQ7SRF0_doQ871Ys3NFb-TJulG2U5Ua2sqAc8knD18h8moIo4EK1fsgkBlqmV1HkwM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5bfd2f6376e2e/7-Konanakaval_tmk_20150127_154553%20(10).jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFrHJbpaCCBl2QTTOt4n83o9f0NPuPdyLuOnityl8FaUs9jku9Lu0vIUrYtAPqIllB3y-kuOSzOcTMYcnWQTKQU7fZSkRo54gE7wZtsQ9Z3njADkzQ
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5bfd2f6376e2e/5-konanakaval_20150315_161130%20(16).jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9OarxUBSRI2bhww3cQ18q17n0h0o3lE8Zo20nwuEENPwmdIsQgQnwHmZ600imVhhZPTV-cdeCphhyLcFvgIN5JdgFUGYuGHmtZY5gOf_Z1MvWOJo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5bfd2f6376e2e/4-konanakaval_20150315_161130%20(2).jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGO1pOiIVDtOIULmIHixCxrthe_a4z_cAME5lkz10_2z6Mtizz8eBDFMtofatvHSYxdhtWMxAAGx6H-qmDNYWHSX7BC6JETu8JuJDCJ34IkLw6rbao
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5bfd2f6376e2e/3-konanakaval_20150315_161130%20(3).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFtY2dpe2POs0JdIbKHGmQ1pLy0xgfbWpR2AIMDtcxjYjwH08DjKx3kG56ZFZEFVHEx8m_YXkL2L-5ou2ir50FfvqQ4N45DZqnRFsrMhC7c7We3Bnw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5bfd2f6376e2e/2-Konanakaval_20141118_121812%20(12).jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGpA7n6coaTU2yD93_jDhK66p11Ddvjb_usbOEz1gr67NbsVzdo5iftNV8NwHyMNZH6g796DmzitCg25N6g4nJ-wTwFVm74KDvB1YFax8kUmdktkQQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5bfd2f6376e2e/1-Konanakaval_20141118_121812%20(10).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFAdxB-LiZ3-SmGua-znnbzpyuCDBtFT9w49D1hzeeyKliAC2iw84PQD_cgshw-0OqFCrzcSVTqHJItVDC6cJ8SjEU7KkuyHY4wBAqmXtxXjJVRPXo


TSPDEC2015-24-197:Images of Balanites roxburghii (Zygophyllaceae)7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Balanites roxburghii  (Zygophyllaceae 

Habit: Small tree 

Habitat: Srcub forest 

Sighting: Tumkur 

Date: 18-11-2014, 27-01-2015 and 15-03-2015


Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=4230&cat=1
Thanks, ... Does it match with the only following keys available:
As per efi thread
The Plant List treats B. aegyptiaca and B. roxburghii as two distinct species. It would be interesting to know differences. Some sources treat them synonyms. 
Thanks, ..., for this important issue. Pl. see CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names ... By Umberto Quattrocchi (2012).
More details at Balanites 
Balanites aegyptiaca: Evergreen tree, fluted trunk, slow growing rounded crown; long straight green spines spirally arranged on branches; smooth bark fissured, leaves with two grey-green leaflets; flowers yellow-green in clusters; fruits yellow, date-like; seed very hard, pointed, surrounded by bittersweet flesh; ripe fruit edible, young leaves and tender shoots used as vegetable. Indian names: Akantaka, hanchadi, garacheti, hingot, hingora
B. roxburghii: shrub with stout axillary spines; alternate leaves; small greenish white flowers. Indian names: Dirghakanta, hingoloro, hingaata, hinganbet   
Yes .The description matches with that of B.roxburghii (B. roxburghii: shrub with stout axillary spines; alternate leaves; small greenish white flowers. Indian names: Dirghakanta, hingoloro, hingaata, hinganbet ). In my opinion B.roxburghii is distinct from B.aegyptiaca. I have relied upon the description of B.roxburghii contained in the Digital Flora of Karnataka, Moreover, the uploaded specimen was sighted in exactly the same locality as that is reported in the DFK
Ref:  http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=4230&cat=1 
Thanks, ... Most of the links at Balanites talks of only one species.
There is only one link which gives differences between the two i.e. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names ... (I don't know how reliable these are ?)
It is possible that both species are the same.
Further efloras does not list any Balanites species.
WCSP gives distribution of Balanites roxburghii Planch. only in India, but it does not give any distribution of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile in India.
In view I am taking all posts so far in efi on Balanites from India as Balanites roxburghii Planch.
That would be fine ...
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/63be63cf40511/DSC05991%20copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrExxufAtWqkP4zG9wUEnOLvXH889RdNiqH89XHgYx5nY4goABzHVsA1PbK5euyhpVfXASAKU7gTWdSBp3cHUwI7_NdzWXMT5cpqiCkApN6Oq7CXEV4
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/63be63cf40511/DSC05987%20copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEWgGasPiUTIN71AFhbZsxyIHWhhWY2vk3RPly4BNzwI5DHn_q_WJXlxmIzUq4ZAoDFNspJ44nEI-JlLIlTKIDOObsAkqQLom79afoVVMHgqpL5OHI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/63be63cf40511/DSC05990%20copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF_zu9lOqnMZqovUTnRTrOwX3Tozfki83swUtwRo9mjwXsDuakDif1RNvnrCzZW7GH5Y7EZBHC5bceox2OpIRA1KTvhTOkNvMBdGA-k3zfX3GVyhG0

ID request 04122017CP1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this tree growing in JNU campus, New Delhi. It flowers in May.

Balanites roxburghii. Hingot   



References:

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